Presentation on theme: "Advocacy Project “Public Education vs. Homeschooling: Public School Advocates” Belinda Ray Khrysten Dobbins Hannah McClung."— Presentation transcript:
Advocacy Project “Public Education vs. Homeschooling: Public School Advocates” Belinda Ray Khrysten Dobbins Hannah McClung
Our Statement “The cause we have chosen concerns how public education is a better choice for the education of students compared to homeschooling. As childhood educators, we should all be in full support of the public education system because not only are our jobs a part of this system, but the well- being of children and their education is involved as well.”
What is the difference between Public Education and Homeschooling? Public EducationHomeschooling Teachers must be degreed and have licensesNon-Educated Parents as Teachers School provides curriculum, books and materialsParents purchase curriculum, books and materials Testing required grades 3-11Testing is required for grades 3-9 Ar Dept. of Ed can review all students work in the public school as well as the local school officials have access to students records at all times. Law does not allow student work to be reviewed by AR Dept of Ed or public school districts Students have records and grades that determine their placement for following school years. If a student decides to return to public school is the schools right to evaluate the student to determine placement. All grades, credits, transcripts, or diplomas are accredited by the dept of ed and public school Grades, credits, transcripts, or diplomas are not accredited by the dept of ed or public school Source: http://www.arkansased.org/divisions/learning-services/home-schools
Why is this IMPORTANT? Parents need to understand the choices that are available for the education of their children. Students should be given the best educational and social experiences possible Public schools are currently under attack and need support! Through this research you are becoming educated on education! “The most effectual, and indeed the only effectual, way to produce this individuality and harmony of national feeling and character is to bring our children into the same schools and have them educated together.” —Calvin Stowe, theology professor and abolitionist, Transactions of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Western Literary Institute, 1836
American Public Schools are needed: To provide universal access to free education To guarantee equal opportunities To unify a diverse population To prepare people for citizenship in a democratic society To prepare people to become economically self-sufficient To improve social conditions Source: “Why We Still Need Public Schools: Public Education for the Common Good” by Nancy Kober
Advantages of Public Education Wide range of children from diverse background Greater opportunities for projects and trips Little cost of parents Developing social skills
Advantages of Public Education Public schools generally have a range of children from socioeconomic classes and a variety of backgrounds. Public schools generally have students with a range of abilities and disabilities. The number of students in a public school classroom provides opportunities that don’t exist in most homeschools, from large-scale projects to team sports. The number of students and funding allows public schools to have facilities and/or purchase equipment that would be prohibitive for most homeschool families.
Advantages of Public Education The number of students and funding often allows public schools to offer an array of advanced classes in the arts, technology studies, and the sciences, which might be difficult to conduct for homeschooling parents who do not happen to have specialized training. Public schools expose students to a variety of teachers: even in situations with one main classroom teacher, students may have additional instructors. This gives them an opportunity to learn with diverse pedagogies. Public schools often offer a wide variety of extracurricular activities, ranging from intramural sports to a range of clubs and other opportunities.
Disadvantages of Homeschooling Greater Costs Time restraints Lack of Quality Teachers Lack of Socializations
Greater Costs Curriculum - may borrow nondisposable curriculum - ≈ $300 per child/annually - most expensive: school by satellite, video courses, all-inclusive ≈$400-$1,500 per child/annually Testing - standardized testing ≈ $25-$45 - private evaluation Memberships - Northeast Arkansas Christian Home Educators (CHE) $65 annually - local support group costs Home Library/School Supplies - resource books for teaching: $20-$100 - homeschool magazine: ≈$15/yr - children’s resource: $10-$20 - one time purchases and re-stock purchases State Conventions and Extra curricular activities
Time Restraints -Married, working parents -Single, working parent -Single, unemployed parent -Multiple children -Organize lesson, teach, testing, trips, etc. -homeschooling is a FULL TIME COMMITMENT Lack of Quality Teachers -not everybody can be a teacher -according to the Education Commission of the States, most states do not require parents to obtain any sort of teaching certificate in order to home school their children. Lack of Socialization -This is widely debated -Most of time is spent with adults or educators -Cannot learn and grow from society -Increased effort to provide socialization for homeschoolers -Team sports, academic clubs, etc.
Arguments Against Homeschooling Take Vyckie Garrison, an ex-Quiverfull mother of seven who, in 2008, enrolled her six school-age children in public school after 18 years of teaching them at home. Garrison, who started the No Longer Quivering blog…She wasn’t able to devote enough time and energy to homeschooling to ensure a quality education for each child. And she says the lack of regulation in Nebraska, where the family lived, “allowed us to get away with some really shoddy homeschooling for a lot of years.” Source: http://scienceblogs.com/denialism/2012/03/15/homeschooling-needs- either-tig/
Public Education Support Source: http://themattwalshblog.com/2014/04/25/behold-the-two-absolutely-worst-arguments- against-homeschooling/ “I worked in public education for many years… Public school might not be perfect but it’s certainly far superior to ‘homeschool.’ How can the system ever improve if the involved parents pull out and do their own thing? We have a responsibility not just to our own family but to our community. Homeschool parents hurt their communities when they isolate themselves and remove their children from our academic institutions. If we don’t help the system, the system will not work. How can they learn proper social skills if they aren’t around other children? You might as well try to teach your kid how to swim without ever putting him in a pool. It’s most important for kids to learn the academic fundamentals, but learning proper socialization is very important as well. Public school gives young people the chance to become well adjusted adults.”
Opposing Arguments High student-teacher ratio May not meet individual needs Less independence (scheduled learning) School chooses curriculum Peer pressure regarding societal issues Michele Thresher, a Hinds county mom of a kindergartener and preschooler, was unhappy to hear about the way her local public school handles socialization. “Talking is not allowed during ‘center time,’” she says. “How can kids learn from each other or share the thoughts in their heads as they learn if they can't speak? So, just because public school may be a norm and a necessary institution for most of America's families, that doesn't necessarily mean that it's best for my family.”
http://www.nea.org/home/raiseyourhand.html “Raise your Hand for Public Education http://www.nea.org/home/raiseyourhand.html http://www.arkansased.org/ Arkansas Department of Education http://www.arkansased.org/ http://www.arkansas.gov/education/ http://www.aradvocates.org/assets/PDFs/K-12-Education/Citizens-Guide- to-Public-Education-Press-Quality.pdf Public School Financing http://www.aradvocates.org/assets/PDFs/K-12-Education/Citizens-Guide- to-Public-Education-Press-Quality.pdf Websites For More Information
Sources Costs of homeschooling: http://www.hslda.org/earlyyears/Costs.asphttp://www.hslda.org/earlyyears/Costs.asp Education statistics: http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=372http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=372 CHE information: http://www.homeschool- life.com/sysfiles/member/custom/file_retrieve.cfm?memberid=376&customid =13955http://www.homeschool- life.com/sysfiles/member/custom/file_retrieve.cfm?memberid=376&customid =13955 “Why We Still Need Public Schools: Public Education for the Common Good” by Nancy Kober Published: January 1, 2007 file:///C:/Users/Owner/Downloads/Kober_Report_WhyWeStillNeedPublicScho ols_010107.pdf file:///C:/Users/Owner/Downloads/Kober_Report_WhyWeStillNeedPublicScho ols_010107.pdf Differences between public and homeschooling: http://www.arkansased.org/divisions/learning-services/home-schools http://www.arkansased.org/divisions/learning-services/home-schools Harms of homeschooling: West, R. L. (2009). The Harms of Homeschooling. Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly, 29(3/4), 7-12. Public Education Advantages: http://www.educationbug.org/a/advantages-of- public-schools.htmlhttp://www.educationbug.org/a/advantages-of- public-schools.html