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Image Source: Part Three: Early Modern and Modern English Periods.

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2 Image Source: Part Three: Early Modern and Modern English Periods

3 Image Source: 1500 - 1700 A.D. – Early Modern English: The Age of Renaissance In 1558, Queen Elizabeth I became the first woman to rule England. Queen Elizabeth was responsible for making Protestantism (a form of Christianity) the official religion of England.

4 Image Source: 1500 - 1700 A.D. – Early Modern English: The Age of Renaissance The Age of the Renaissance was a time of great contributions to the arts and literature. One of the most famous writers of the Early Modern English (Renaissance) period was William Shakespeare. He was a famous writer of prose and poetry who is still studied today. To Be or Not To Be... That is the Question!

5 Image Source: 1500 - 1700 A.D. – Early Modern English: The Age of Renaissance Another great contribution to literature that occurred at this time was the publication of the King James Bible in 1611. The King James Bible had a great impact on the English language. It introduced several idioms still in use today, such as: "the apple of his eye", "a labor of love" and "by the skin of his teeth", to name just three.

6 1500 - 1700 A.D. – Early Modern English: William Shakespeare By the time Shakespeare was writing, the English language had evolved into something that we can easily recognize today. We were on our way to Modern English. We went from this... “Daw, you have begeked me! I juke to pingle with you and yerk you till you ghost!” (1490) To this... “Fool, you have cheated me! I itch to fight you and hit you until you die!” (Shakespeare) Sound effects found at: http://www.findsounds.com

7 1500 - 1700 A.D. – Early Modern English: The Renaissance! The early modern English period was a time of much exploration and colonization. During this time, called the Renaissance, explorers went to new lands and many words were “borrowed” and added to the English language. Jar, Magazine, Sherbet from Arabic Coffee, Yogurt, Kiosk from Turkey Tomato, Potato, Tobacco from Spanish Atmosphere, Explain, Skeleton from Latin Carnival, Macaroni, Violin from Italian Bizarre, Chocolate, Vogue, Moustache from French Because of colonization and slavery, English also “borrowed” many words from various African languages, including: banjo, funky, gumbo, mamba, zebra and gorilla.

8 This exploration also took the English across the ocean to the Americas, where even more words would be added to the English language. Image found at:

9 Igloo from the Alaskan Inuit Tribe Bayou from the Choctaw Tribe Chipmunk from the Chippewa Tribe Hickory, Moccasin and Tomahawk from the Algonquian Language, spoken by many tribes in North America. Moose from the Abenaki tribe Pecan from the Illinois Tribe Kansas from the Sioux Tribe, meaning “people of the south wind” These are just a few of the words borrowed from Native American languages. Sound from: http://memory.loc.gov

10 Images found at: http://www.enchantedlearning.com 1700 to the Present: Modern English The development of American English After the colonization of the United States, American English began to develop as a language all its own. Try to match the American word with its British counterpart. tricky = suspenders = dessert = trashcan = car hood = parking lot = bus = cookie = French fries = biscuit bin chips car park dodgy sweet bonnet coach braces

11 As America’s population grew in size and diversity, American English developed regional dialects. A Dialect is a way of speaking that is particular to a specific region or area of the country. Click on the megaphones to hear a variety of dialects from across the USA. Audio clips found at:; copyright International Dialects of English Archives Image found at: http://www.enchantedlearning.com

12 How Much Has English Changed? Check out these five translations of the same excerpt from the Bible. 995 A.D.: Sothlice tha seHaelend of tham munte nyther astah, tha fyligdon hym mycle maenio. Tha genealaehte an hreofla to him and hine to him geathmedde, and thus cwaeth, Drihten, gyf thu wylt, thu miht me geclaensian. 1389: Forsothe when Jhesus hadde comen doun fro the hil, many cumpanyes folewiden hym.And loo! a leprouse man cummynge worshipide hym, sayinge, Lord, yif thou wolt, thou maist make me clene. 1526: When Jesus was come down from the mountayne, moch people folowed him. And lo! there cam a lepre and worsheped him, saynge, Master, if thou wylt, thou canst make me clene. 1611: When he was come down from the mountain, great multitudes followed him. And behold, there came a leper and worshipped him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean. New English Bible 1961 After he had come down from the hill he was followed by a great crowd. And now a leper approached him, bowed low, and said, "Sir, if only you will, you can cleanse me."

13 A Global World After a century of world wars, technological transformation, and globalization, the language continues to grow, expanding to include new jargon, slang, technologies, toys, foods and gadgets. The past century brought us doodlebugs, gasmasks, gobstoppers, mini skirts and rockers. Today, we enjoy dim sum, cappuccino, chicken masala and pizza. We are addicted to DVDs, websites, chat rooms, iPods and email. What will the next 100 years bring?

14 End of Part Two Click here to go back and watch this part

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