Presentation on theme: "Vicki Greene Vanderbilt University Chair, Committee on the Status of Women in Physics, APS WOMEN IN PHYSICS: PROBLEMS, PROGRESS, AND PROSPECTS FOR THE."— Presentation transcript:
Vicki Greene Vanderbilt University Chair, Committee on the Status of Women in Physics, APS WOMEN IN PHYSICS: PROBLEMS, PROGRESS, AND PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE
Introduction Disclaimers Problems Current participation of women in physics When do we decide Progress The pipeline Why not more girls? Is everything rosy? Then & Now Issues & strategies Prospects for the Future More strategies CSWP OUTLINE
PERCENTAGE OF BACHELOR’S DEGREES IN PHYSICS AWARDED TO WOMEN
WHAT ABOUT THE PIPELINE? BEHOLD THE SCISSORS
GIRLS AREN’T GOOD AT MATH?
GIRLS AREN’T INTERESTED IN SCIENCE?
GIRLS AREN’T GOOD AT SPATIAL RELATIONS?
GIRLS PREFER SOCIAL ACTIVITIES?
Other “explanations” Women play dumb to impress men Women choose families over career Women aren’t willing to make the necessary sacrifices And some real concerns: Problem sets Imposter syndrome Perception of own abilities/ effect of low grades WHAT ELSE?
Fixed MindsetGrowth Mindset Intelligence is static.Intelligence can be developed. Leads to a desire to look smart and therefore a tendency to Leads to a desire to learn and therefore a tendency to avoid challengesembrace challenges give up easily due to obstacles persist despite obstacles see effort as fruitlesssee effort as path to mastery ignore useful feedback learn from criticism be threatened by others’ success be inspired by others’ success Teach children that intellectual skills can be acquired. Praise children for effort. Highlight the struggle. Gifted and talented programs should send the message that they value growth and learning. IN MATH AND SCIENCE, A GROWTH MINDSET BENEFITS GIRLS.
PERCENT OF BACHELOR’S DEGREES AWARDED TO WOMEN BY FIELD
PERCENT OF PH.D’S EARNED BY WOMEN BY FIELD
SO IS EVERYTHING ROSY?
Woman graduate student told she should follow her husband’s postdoc career regardless of her own prospects. Faculty candidate heard that at an interview for a faculty position, she was dressed too attractively and would be a poor role model for the women graduate students. Male graduate students have a computer printout of a nude woman’s body posted on the wall of the lab. Woman graduate student told by professor that she should find a husband and have a family. Attractive woman interviews for faculty position. Chair of committee questions whether she is a serious scientist. Male graduate students keeps a replica of a woman’s breast on his desk at work. THEN AND NOW
Bias in peer-review Greater expectations for publication Less likely to get credit for work Less likely to get grant approved POSSIBLY NOT A PROBLEM ANY LONGER
Uneven distribution of resources and its effect on productivity More likely to be contingent faculty Balancing career and family OTHER CONCERNS Know that many other women have faced these challenges successfully! Remember the scissors.
PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE
Focus on outcomes Choose your battles Be resilient Learn how and when to negotiate Watch out for the water cooler gang Work efficiently Choose service work wisely – use a mix of strategy and passion Keep your c.v. up-to-date Learn how to give yourself permission Trust your instincts and follow your interests Know that senior people usually love to talk to their junior colleagues POSITIVE STRATEGIES
CSWP is a very active committee of the American Physical Society Activities at APS meetings: Networking events Invited sessions Professional skills development Other activities Site visits Woman Physicist of the Month Mari-Goeppert-Meyer Award Blewett Fellowship Gazette newsletter Online Women in Physics on LinkedIn COMMITTEE ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN PHYSICS
The Center for STEM Education for Girls at Harpeth Hall School in Nashville will accomplish the following: Create STEM for Girls Consortium of K-12 and university educational leaders, community leaders, and business leaders that will meet annually to discuss best practices for STEM education for girls at both the secondary and university levels. Initiate and host a summer STEM for Girls Conference for educators, providing teachers with hands-on workshops. Develop a replicable summer STEM Institute for Girls, which will offer intensive experiences in STEM fields for girls primarily from non- magnet public schools and charter schools entering 9th and 10th grades in Middle Tennessee schools. CENTER FOR STEM EDUCATION FOR GIRLS
American Institute of Physics Statistical Research Center www.aip.org/statistics www.aip.org/statistics Why so Few? Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, AAUW NSF Division of Science Resources Statistics American Physical Society Committee on the Status of Women in Physics REFERENCES
Women’s representation among STEM doctorates has also increased dramatically over time, although it varies by field. Source: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, 2008, Science and engineering degrees: 1966–2006 (Detailed Statistical Tables) (NSF 08-321) (Arlington, VA), Table 25, Author's analysis of Tables 34, 35, 38, & 39. Doctorates Earned by Women in Selected STEM Fields, 1966–2006
Women are less likely than men are to declare a STEM major in college. Source: Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology. Data derived from Cooperative Institutional Research Program, Higher Education Research Institute, Graduate School of Education and Information Studies, University of California, Los Angeles, The American Freshman: National Norms for Fall 1990 through Fall 2006, www.gseis.ucla.edu/heri/heri.htm.
Women’s representation among STEM bachelor’s degree holders has improved over time but varies by field. Source: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, 2008, Science and engineering degrees: 1966–2006 (Detailed Statistical Tables) (NSF 08-321) (Arlington, VA), Table 11, Author's analysis of Tables 34, 35, 38, & 39. Bachelor’s Degrees Earned by Women in Selected Fields, 1966–2006