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What is Language? A system of symbols with standard meanings. All languages consist of Sounds that are used to communicate thoughts and emotions Gestures.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Language? A system of symbols with standard meanings. All languages consist of Sounds that are used to communicate thoughts and emotions Gestures."— Presentation transcript:

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2 What is Language? A system of symbols with standard meanings. All languages consist of Sounds that are used to communicate thoughts and emotions Gestures that are used to communicate thoughts and emotions A system of symbols with standard meanings. All languages consist of Sounds that are used to communicate thoughts and emotions Gestures that are used to communicate thoughts and emotions What’s being communicated in these pictures?

3 Language Language...  is humanity’s calling card.  is the primary way by which we learn  is the palate by which we color our lives  allows humans to communicate and is the main vehicle of transmission of culture.  provides context for symbolic understanding.  is humanity’s calling card.  is the primary way by which we learn  is the palate by which we color our lives  allows humans to communicate and is the main vehicle of transmission of culture.  provides context for symbolic understanding.

4 Anthropological Linguistics  Study of language and the speakers’ use of language  Study of the relationship between language and other aspects of culture & society  Study of language and the speakers’ use of language  Study of the relationship between language and other aspects of culture & society

5 Language’s Key Features Arbitrariness Displacement Productivity Duality of Patterning Cat Chat Gato Pungwul arcsharcsh tlmstlms

6 Studying Language DescriptiveHistorical Socio (or ethno) linguistics DescriptiveHistorical

7 Descriptive Linguistics Structure  Phonology (sounds)  Morphology (words)  Syntax (grammar)  Semantics (meaning)  Grammar (rules)  Phonology (sounds)  Morphology (words)  Syntax (grammar)  Semantics (meaning)  Grammar (rules)

8 PhonologyPhonology  The study of sounds of a language.  No human language uses all the sounds humans can make.  IPA – International Phonetic Alphabet  Phonemes and allophones  /l/ and /r/ = phonemes (English has 40)  /p/ and /ph/ = allophones  Other sounds  Tones, nasals, clicks, umms, huh?  The study of sounds of a language.  No human language uses all the sounds humans can make.  IPA – International Phonetic Alphabet  Phonemes and allophones  /l/ and /r/ = phonemes (English has 40)  /p/ and /ph/ = allophones  Other sounds  Tones, nasals, clicks, umms, huh?

9 Historical Linguistics

10 Sociolinguistics Relationship between language & culture Nuer, southern Sudan Sheep Mutton

11 Language, Gender & Racism

12 The Complexity of Language  No primitive languages  Languages have different ways to categorize  No primitive languages  Languages have different ways to categorize Food for Thought: Does your language have a word for the back of the knee or the place in the arm that is at the front of the elbow?

13 Silent Language & Symbolic Communication Food for thought: Are there any symbolic gestures in your culture which have a different meaning in North America?

14 ProxemicsProxemics

15 ProxemicsProxemics

16 Cultural Time Past oriented Present Oriented Future Oriented

17 Ritualized Phrases Behold the waters of life You fat! How are you?

18 Material Culture

19 Language and Culture


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