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Renaissance Art in the 1400 – 1600. Overview Italian/Early 1400-1490 Italian/High 1500-1600 Northern/Late 1500-1600 one can argue about dates: 1300 –

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Presentation on theme: "Renaissance Art in the 1400 – 1600. Overview Italian/Early 1400-1490 Italian/High 1500-1600 Northern/Late 1500-1600 one can argue about dates: 1300 –"— Presentation transcript:

1 Renaissance Art in the 1400 – 1600

2 Overview Italian/Early Italian/High Northern/Late one can argue about dates: 1300 – – 1600

3 map

4 Renaissance 1 st period to name itself and say nasty things about earlier times: “Gothic” & “Dark Ages” Term means “Rebirth” Looking back to Classical culture – Ancient Greece and Rome Names! Artists known by name – 1 st contemporary art historian (1550); Individuality celebrated in this era

5 Renaissance Church is still the biggest power structure Beginning of banking Private fortunes & power Starts in Italy – specifically Florence

6 Man loves himself once again The Return of Humanism

7 ... I feel that I have come to some understanding of why man is the most fortunate of living things and, consequently, deserving of all admiration; of what may be the condition in the hierarchy of beings assigned to him, which draws upon him the envy, not of the brutes alone, but of the astral beings and of the very intelligences which dwell beyond the confines of the world. from Pico della Mirandola's Oration on the Dignity of Man (1486) see also p. 190

8 Donatello, David, 1432 p. 203

9 Donatello, David, 1432 Tuscan hat p. 203

10 Style of helmet & art symbolic reference to other Italian city-states Love of texture Donatello,David, 1432 Goliath’s head detail

11 Donatello, David, st free-standing, life size nude sculpture since antiquity! contrapposto; but not just an imitation of past models for private collection David = underdog = Florence Goliath = giant = Milan & other central Italian cities in league against Florence

12 Donatello, David, 1432 Inscription: “The victor is whoever defends the fatherland. God crushes the wrath of an enormous foe. Behold - a boy overcame a great tyrant! Conquer, O citizens! Kingdoms fall through luxury, cities rise through virtues. Behold the neck of pride, severed by the hand of humility.” p. 203

13 An earlier Donatello David (c.1410)

14 Florence Cathedral Brunelleschi dome p CONFIDENCE REDISCOVERED!

15 Florence Cathedral Brunelleschi dome inside view

16 Tower designed by Giotto, 1334

17 View of Duomo from Pitti Palace (across the river)

18 View from the Duomo Uffizzi Pitti Palace

19 Pazzi Chapel Post & lintel returns; GEOMETRY

20 Pazzi Chapel p. 198

21 Pitti Palace

22

23 Alberti (façade architect), Santa Maria Novella, Florence, 1470 By the numbers: 2:1 3:1 4:1 not in text

24 p. 202

25 Masaccio Trinity Fresco 21' 10 1/2" x 10' 4 Santa Maria Novella, Florence 1 st use of linear perspective not in text

26 Masaccio, Tribute Money, c p. 199

27 Tribute Money, detail Note use of chiaroscuro (light and dark shading) to create volume in the clothes.

28 Ghiberti, Lorenzo The Gates of Paradise Bronze with gilding p

29 Ghiberti, Lorenzo The Gates of Paradise Bronze with gilding p

30 Ghiberti, Lorenzo The Gates of Paradise Bronze with gilding

31

32 Ghiberti, Lorenzo Detail from the Gates of Paradise The story of Joseph Bronze with gilding 80 x 80 cm Baptistery, Florence not in text

33 BOTTICELLI, Sandro The birth of Venus c. 1485, Tempera on canvas (67 7/8 x 109 5/8 in.) NOT IN TEXT

34 p. 199 BOTTICELLI, Sandro Primavera c Tempera on wood 203 x 314 cm

35

36 BOTTICELLI, Sandro Venus and Mars c Egg tempera and oil on poplar 69 x cm not in text NOT BIBLICAL!

37 KEY IMAGE PERIOD: PLACE: ARTIST: TITLE: DATE: p. 203 Early Renaissance Florence Donatello David 1432

38 KEY IMAGE PERIOD: ARTIST: TITLE: p. 199 Renaissance Botticelli La Primavera (Birth of Spring)

39 Pazzi Chapel KEY IMAGE p. 198

40 Summary – Italian Renaissance POLITICS – Italian city-states; power from money EARLY RENAISSANCE – Florence HIGH RENAISSANCE – ART – Classical ideals revived IDEAS – Humanism returns MUSIC –


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