Nahum 1:2, 6 A jealous and avenging God is the LORD; The LORD is avenging and wrathful. The LORD takes vengeance on His adversaries, And He reserves wrath for His enemies…. 6 Who can stand before His indignation? Who can endure the burning of His anger? His wrath is poured out like fire And the rocks are broken up by Him. Nahum 3:5-6 "Behold, I am against you," declares the LORD of hosts; "And I will lift up your skirts over your face, And show to the nations your nakedness And to the kingdoms your disgrace. 6 "I will throw filth on you And make you vile, And set you up as a spectacle.”
Nahum 1:7 The LORD is good, A stronghold in the day of trouble, And He knows those who take refuge in Him.
Purpose of Writing: Nahum writes for two groups of people: The people of Nineveh and the people of Judah. As a prophecy for the people of Nineveh, this prophecy serves as a call to repentance. It is a warning of the coming judgment of God. As a prophecy for the people of Judah, it is a reassurance that God will wreak justice on the nation who defeated their sister to the north, Israel, and that he will protect them against her cruelties.
“Nahum” = “Comfort”“Consolation” Nahum 1:15 Behold, on the mountains the feet of him who brings good news, Who announces peace! Celebrate your feasts, O Judah; Pay your vows. For never again will the wicked one pass through you; He is cut off completely. Nahum 2:2 For the LORD will restore the splendor of Jacob Like the splendor of Israel, Even though devastators have devastated them And destroyed their vine branches.
Christ in Nahum 1.The Righteous Judge 2.The Prince of Peace
The Righteous Judge Jealous – Nahum 1:2 A jealous and avenging God is the LORD.
Revelation 2:4-5 But I have this against you, that you have left your first love. 5 Therefore remember from where you have fallen, and repent and do the deeds you did at first; or else I am coming to you and will remove your lampstand out of its place-- unless you repent.
The Righteous Judge Avenging – Nahum 1:2 A jealous and avenging God is the LORD.
Revelation 16:5-6 And I heard the angel of the waters saying, "Righteous are You, who are and who were, O Holy One, because You judged these things; 6 for they poured out the blood of saints and prophets, and You have given them blood to drink. They deserve it."
The Righteous Judge Revealed in the Storm – Nahum 1:3 In whirlwind and storm is His way, And clouds are the dust beneath His feet.
Mark 6:50-51 But immediately He spoke with them and said to them, "Take courage; it is I, do not be afraid." 51 Then He got into the boat with them, and the wind stopped; and they were utterly astonished.
The Righteous Judge In Control of Nature – Nahum 1:4 He rebukes the sea and makes it dry; He dries up all the rivers. Bashan and Carmel wither; The blossoms of Lebanon wither.
Mark 4:39 And He got up and rebuked the wind and said to the sea, "Hush, be still." And the wind died down and it became perfectly calm. Matthew 21:19 Seeing a lone fig tree by the road, He came to it and found nothing on it except leaves only; and He said to it, "No longer shall there ever be any fruit from you." And at once the fig tree withered.
The Righteous Judge Causes Earthquakes – Nahum 1:5 Mountains quake because of Him And the hills dissolve; Indeed the earth is upheaved by His presence, The world and all the inhabitants in it.
Matthew 28:2 A severe earthquake had occurred, for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone and sat upon it.
The Righteous Judge Faithful – Nahum 1:7 The LORD is good, A stronghold in the day of trouble, And He knows those who take refuge in Him.
Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war.
The Prince of Peace Nahum 1:15 Behold, on the mountains the feet of him who brings good news, Who announces peace! Celebrate your feasts, O Judah; Pay your vows. For never again will the wicked one pass through you; He is cut off completely. Romans 10:15 How will they preach unless they are sent? Just as it is written, "HOW BEAUTIFUL ARE THE FEET OF THOSE WHO BRING GOOD NEWS OF GOOD THINGS!"
Place in the Canon: Historically, Nahum describes the fall of the Assyrian empire. Theologically, He reminds us that sin has its cost and the cost for sin is higher for those who should know better. Devotionally, We are led to worship God for his holiness and justice and to love him for the forgiveness of our sins which he purchased for us through Jesus Christ.