Presentation on theme: "Behold Your King! The Meaning of Palm Sunday"— Presentation transcript:
1 Behold Your King! The Meaning of Palm Sunday Copyright Norman Geisler 2010
2 I. The Fall of the First King A. The Creation of the First KingGen. 1:27: “God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.”B. The Dominion of the First KingGen. 1:28: “God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground.”Psa.8:4-6: “what is man that you are mindful of him…? You made him a little lower than the heavenly beings and crowned him with glory and honor. You made him ruler over the works of your hands; you put everything under his feet.”
3 C. The Temptation and Fall of the First King Gen. 2:16-17: “And the LORD God commanded the man, ‘You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die.’”Gen. 3:1-6: “Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, ‘Did God really say, “You must not eat from any tree in the garden?’’... ‘You will not surely die,’ the serpent said to the woman. ‘For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.’ When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.”
4 C. The Temptation and Fall of the First King Rom. 5:12: “Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned.”1 Cor. 15:22: “For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.”1 Cor. 15:45: “So it is written: `The first man Adam became a living being’; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.”
5 II. The Prediction of the Last King A. The seed of the woman (Gen. 3:15)B. The line of Seth (Gen. 4:25)C. The offspring of Shem (Gen. 9:27)D. The descendant of Abraham (Gen. 12:1-3)E. The seed of Isaac (Gen. 21:12)F. The lineage of Jacob (Gen. 25:23; 46:1-4)G. The tribe of Judah (Gen. 49:10)
6 II. The Prediction of the Last King Gen. 49:10: “The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs and the obedience of the nations is his.”Ex. 19:6: “Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites.”Deut. 17:14-19: “When you enter the land the LORD your God is giving you … and you say, “Let us set a king over us like all the nations around us,” be sure to appoint over you the king the LORD your God chooses. He must be from among your own brothers.”
7 II. The Prediction of the Last King 2 Sam. 7:12-17: “When your days are over and you rest with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom..... Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.’”Isa. 9:6: “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.”Isa. 32:1: “See, a king will reign in righteousness and rulers will rule with justice.”
8 II. The Prediction of the Last King Isa. 11:1-9: “A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him…. He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears; but with righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth…. They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea.”Isa. 24:23: “The moon will be abashed, the sun ashamed; for the LORD Almighty will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and before its elders, gloriously.”
9 II. The Prediction of the Last King Amos 9:11: “In that day I will restore David’s fallen tent. I will repair its broken places, restore its ruins, and build it as it used to be….”Micah 4:7-8: “I will make the lame a remnant, those driven away a strong nation. The LORD will rule over them in Mount Zion from that day and forever. As for you, O watchtower of the flock, O stronghold of the Daughter of Zion, the former dominion will be restored to you; kingship will come to the Daughter of Jerusalem.”Dan. 2:44: “In the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, nor will it be left to another people. It will crush all those kingdoms and bring them to an end, but it will itself endure forever.”
10 II. The Prediction of the Last King Dan. 7:13-14: “In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.” (cf. Mt. 26:64)Dan. 9:24-26: “Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy. “Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens’…. After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing.”
11 II. The Prediction of the Last King Mal 4:1-6: “See, I will send you the prophet Elijah before that great and dreadful day of the LORD comes. He will turn the hearts of the fathers to their children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers; or else I will come and strike the land with a curse.”Isa. 40:3: “A voice of one calling: “In the desert prepare the way for the LORD; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God.”Zech 9:9: “Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.”
12 III. The Presentation of the Last King A. The Announcement of the King:To Mary (Lk. 1:31-32): “You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David.”To Joseph (Mt. 1:20-23): “An angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit…. All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: “The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel”—which means, “God with us.”
13 A. The Announcement of the King: To the Magi (Mt. 2:1-2): “After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem and asked, ‘Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him.’”By John the Baptist (Mt. 3:1-3): “In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the Desert of Judea and saying, ‘Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.’ This is he who was spoken of through the prophet Isaiah: ‘A voice of one calling in the desert, Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for him.’”
14 A. The Announcement of the King: By our Lord Himself (Mt. 4:17): “From that time on Jesus began to preach, ‘Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.’”By the Twelve Apostles (Mt. 10:5-7): “These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: ‘Do not go among the Gentiles or enter any town of the Samaritans. Go rather to the lost sheep of Israel. As you go, preach this message: ‘The kingdom of heaven is near.’”By the Seventy (Lk. 10:1-11): “After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go…. Be sure of this: ‘The kingdom of God is near.’”
15 Behold, Your King Cometh! Hosanna to the Son of David!
16 A. The Announcement of the King: By the Crowd (Mt. 21:1-9): “Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them, ‘Go to the village ahead of you, and at once you will find a donkey tied there, with her colt by her. Untie them and bring them to me. If anyone says anything to you, tell him that the Lord needs them, and he will send them right away.’” This took place to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet: ‘Say to the Daughter of Zion, See, your king comes to you, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.’… A very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road, while others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed shouted, ‘Hosanna to the Son of David!’ ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ‘Hosanna [help; save, I pray] in the highest!’”
17 B. The Confirmation of the King (by Miracles) Mt. 10:1-8: “He called his twelve disciples to him and gave them authority to drive out evil spirits and to heal every disease and sickness…. ‘As you go, preach this message: ‘The kingdom of heaven is near. Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those who have leprosy, drive out demons.’”Acts 2:22: “Men of Israel, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know.”Jn. 3:2: “He [Nicodemus] came to Jesus at night and said, “Rabbi, we know you are a teacher who has come from God. For no one could perform the miraculous signs you are doing if God were not with him.”
18 IV. The Rejection of the Last King Mt. 11:20-21: “Then Jesus began to denounce the cities in which most of his miracles had been performed, because they did not repent. “Woe to you, Korazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! If the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.”Mt. 12:22-31: “Then they brought him a demon-possessed man who was blind and mute, and Jesus healed him, so that he could both talk and see. All the people were astonished and said, “Could this be the Son of David?” But when the Pharisees heard this, they said, “It is only by Beelzebub, the prince of demons, that this fellow drives out demons”…. And so I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven.”
19 IV. The Rejection of the Last King Lk. 19:12-27: Jesus said: “A man of noble birth went to a distant country to have himself appointed king and then to return. So he called ten of his servants and gave them ten minas. ‘Put this money to work,’ he said, ‘until I come back.’ But his subjects hated him and sent a delegation after him to say, ‘We don’t want this man to be our king’…. He replied, ‘I tell you that to everyone who has, more will be given, but as for the one who has nothing, even what he has will be taken away. But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them—bring them here and kill them in front of me.’”Jn. 1:10-11: “He was in the world, and though the world was made through him, the world did not recognize him. He came to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him.”
21 They Crucified Their King Mt. 27:36-37: “Then they crucified Him…. And they put up over His head the accusation written against Him: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.”Acts 2:22: “Men of Israel, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know.… This man was handed over to you by God’s set purpose and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross.”
22 But He Rose from the Dead! 1 Cor. 15:20-22: “But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man.”Heb. 2:4:“Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death—that is, the devil.”Col. 2:15: “And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross.”So, He Defeated the Devil and Death!
23 How Christ is Defeating the Devil 1. Christ defeated the Devil officially at His First Coming.2. Christ will defeat the Devil actually at His Second Coming .3. Meanwhile, Christ Reigns Spiritually Through Us to Whom He gave the Powers to Defeat Evil:Eph 4:8-12: “He who descended is the very one who ascended higher than all the heavens, in order to fill the whole universe. It was he who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers, to prepare God’s people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up until we all reach unity in the faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God and become mature, attaining to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ.
24 V. The Interregnum of the Last King A. The Mystery form of the KingdomMt. 21:42-43: “Jesus said to them, ‘Have you never read in the Scriptures: The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone; the Lord has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes’? “Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit.”Lk. 17:20-21: “Once, having been asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come, Jesus replied, “The kingdom of God does not come with your careful observation, nor will people say, ‘Here it is,’ or ‘There it is,’ because the kingdom of God is within you.”
25 V. The Interregnum of the Last King A. The Mystery form of the KingdomMt. 13:11-30: “He replied, “The knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you, but not to them.… Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.... The servants asked him, ‘Do you want us to go and pull them up?’ ‘No,’ he answered, ‘because while you are pulling the weeds, you may root up the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.’”
26 A. The Mystery form of the Kingdom Jn. 18:36-37: “Jesus said, “My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jews. But now my kingdom is from another place.” ‘You are a king, then!’ said Pilate. Jesus answered, ‘You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth.
27 V. The Interregnum of the Last King B. The Mystery of the ChurchRom. 11:25: “I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in.”Acts 15:14: James said, “Simon has described to us how God at first showed his concern by taking from the Gentiles a people for himself.”Eph. 3:4-6: “In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy apostles and prophets. This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus.”
28 VI. The Return of the Last King Acts 1:1-11: “They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them. ‘Men of Galilee,’ they said, ‘why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.’”Mt. 25:31-32: “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory. All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.”Hosea 3:4-5: “For the Israelites will live many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred stones, without ephod or idol. Afterward the Israelites will return and seek the LORD their God and David their king. They will come trembling to the LORD and to his blessings in the last days.”
29 Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him.”--Rev. 1:7
30 VI. The Return of the Last King Rev. 19:11-16: “I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and makes war. His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself. He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God. The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean. Out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. “He will rule them with an iron scepter.” He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.”
31 VII. The Reign of the Last King A. The Restoration of the Kingdom to Israel under the KingActs 1:6-8: “So when they met together, they asked him, “Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?” He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses … to the ends of the earth.”Mt. 19:28: “Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”Hosea 3:4-5: “For the Israelites will live many days without king or prince…. Afterward the Israelites will return and seek the LORD their God and David their king.”
32 VII. The Reign of the Last King B. The Restoration of the World under the Last KingRev. 11:15: “The seventh angel sounded his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, which said: ‘The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he will reign for ever and ever.’”Rev. 20:4-6: “I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony for Jesus and because of the word of God…. They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years. (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended.) This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy are those who have part in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years.”
33 VIII. The Return of the Kingdom to God 1 Cor. 15:24-28: “Then the end will come, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power. For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy to be destroyed is death. For he has put everything under his feet…. When he has done this, then the Son himself will be made subject to him who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all.”In Eternity Past: All was under the reign of God the Father until Satan rebelled.In Eden: Adam was made King or vice-regent for God on earth.After the Fall: Satan reigns in the world (2 Cor. 4:3-4).After Christ Was Rejected: God’s reigns spiritually in world.During Millennium: Son of God reigns literally on the earth.In Eternity to Come: All is under the reign of God the Father again, with Satan’s rebellion crushed forever.
34 Hosanna to the King of Kings! SummaryI. The kingdom of Earth was given to Adam (Gen. 1:28).II. Adam lost his dominion through the temptation of Satan and the Fall (Gen. 3).III. God chose Israel to be His earthly kingdom (Gen. 12, Ex. 19) and promisedto send them a King to save them (2 Sam.7:12).IV. Israel rejected their King and His earthly kingdom (Mt ).III. But Christ officially defeated the Devil and won back the rights to God’s earthly kingdom (Col. 2; Heb. 2).IV. Meanwhile, as predicted and pre-planned, God set up a spiritual kingdom to reach the Gentiles (Rom. 11:25; Eph. 3:3-5).V. In this spiritual kingdom we are gifted by the king to overcome the Devil and evil (Eph. 4:8-12)VI. Christ will return, Israel will repent, and Christ will reign as King over all the earth (Rev 20) until He defeats the last enemy (death) and reverses Adam’s curse (1 Cor. 15:26).VII. Christ will give the the kingdom of this world back to God who will reign over all in His universal kingdom forever more (1 Cor. 15:28; Rev ).Hosanna to the King of Kings!
35 Conclusion The King is in heaven; what on earth are you doing? What we should be doing:1) Waiting for the King! “We should “wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead— Jesus, who rescues us from the coming wrath.”2) Working for the King
36 2) Working for the King! He said: “A man of noble birth went to a distant country to have himself appointed king and then to return. So he called ten of his servants and gave them ten minas [3 months wages]. ‘Put this money to work,’ he said, ‘until I come back.’ [Do the King’s business until He returns!]... Then he sent for the servants to whom he had given the money, in order to find out what they had gained with it. “The first one came and said, ‘Sir, your mina has earned ten more.’ ‘Well done, my good servant!’ his master replied. ‘Because you have been trustworthy in a very small matter, take charge of ten cities.’ Then another servant came and said, ‘Sir, here is your mina; I have kept it laid away in a piece of cloth.… His master replied,… “Why then didn’t you put my money on deposit, so that when I came back, I could have collected it with interest?’...He replied, ‘I tell you that to everyone who has, more will be given, but as for the one who has nothing, even what he has will be taken away.’”Crying Hosanna to the King!
37 3) Crying Hosanna to the King! Lord, Help; Save Me, I Pray!