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{ Chapter 5 Pictures Because I know you all have missed them… but seriously, I think I’m spoiling you all.

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Presentation on theme: "{ Chapter 5 Pictures Because I know you all have missed them… but seriously, I think I’m spoiling you all."— Presentation transcript:

1 { Chapter 5 Pictures Because I know you all have missed them… but seriously, I think I’m spoiling you all.

2 Political Party: a group of like-minded people who join together to achieve common political goals  oRequirements   Shared Beliefs: same goals   Program: agree on turning beliefs into laws once elected   Chance of Success: Needs to be realistic… or does it?  oPressure Groups- Minority Parties  oThe U.S. has had a 2 party system since 1796, despite the fact that George Washington warned against it.

3 So you’re saying there’s a chance… Political parties have to have shared goals and they need to have a “realistic chance to win”.

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5  What do political parties try to accomplish?  Organize a majority  Join what reflects their ideas about economics, foreign policy, social welfare, personal freedom… power goes to what the majority of people wish for.  Provide Electable Candidates  Screen for best candidate for elections  Public, media, and party leadership weed out candidates who hold unpopular, unworkable, or extremist views  Educate Voters  Platform: sums up stance on national priorities… hopefully people are edumacated by the time they get to the polls.

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7 This is why they screen? Byah…

8 Kind of like the way the Miss America Pageant screens out those who give terrible answers…

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10 Party Platforms… also a type of shoe.

11 EXTRA CREDIT OPPORTUNITY DUE BY Google for Democratic or Republican Party Platform 1.Choose two (2) issues that you either support or disagree with and write a small paragraph response. 2.Turn in to receive little extra credit.

12  Finance Election Campaigns: this is huge!  Winners Get to Run the Government  Spoils System under Jackson: no longer in place, can’t just come in and eliminate people from jobs… keeps things running smoothly, also leads to regret.  When bad things happens, the party in charge usually loses… See: Great Depression, Vietnam, DotCom Bubble Burst, Housing Market Collapse I love the way they're talkin' to you. 'Cause they're winners. Winners get to do what they want. PGO: +5 if you can find the cost of the past presidential campaign...

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16  Why do we keep a two party system?  Stability  With a lot of parties, not usually a majority. This leads to a coalition between smaller parties. If one or two leave a coalition you have gridlock and nothing gets accomplished With a lot of parties, not usually a majority. This leads to a coalition between smaller parties. If one or two leave a coalition you have gridlock and nothing gets accomplished With a lot of parties, not usually a majority. This leads to a coalition between smaller parties. If one or two leave a coalition you have gridlock and nothing gets accomplished  National Election Laws  It’s hard to get national representation if you don’t win a state’s elections… need 51% because we have a “winner take all” system of government.  Size of the Federal System  Usually before a small party can win a national seat, its ideas are absorbed by a larger party  Tradition of Alternation in Office  No one party has ever dominated Washington D.C. completely  Democrats originally ( )  Republicans (14 of the following 18 national elections)

17 Gridlock

18 Usually before a smaller party can become too powerful, it is absorbed (hahahahah) by a larger party. (Republicans absorbed Tea Party Ideas… then spit them back out)

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20  How did the 2 party system start?  oShould we ratify the constitution?   Federalists say yes   Anti-Federalists say no, want personal freedoms (Bill of Rights) and more state power  Democrats   Originally the Anti-Federalists, called the Democratic- Republicans   Modern democrats have ties to the “common people”, using government to solve a variety of problems that individuals and states can’t solve for themselves  Republicans   Originally Federalists, then Whigs, then Republicans   Modern Republicans favor states’ rights and freedom from government control   See what we call “Irony”?

21 Republican Party descended from the whigs. CT: What haircut are you most embarrassed to say you had?

22  How have 3rd parties affected our system?  oSectional Discontent   Represent a group of people’s views about issues (South in 1948 and 1968)  Radical Politics   Socialist Party   Peace and Freedom Party   American Nazi’s of Today  Single Issue Parties

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25  What do political labels stand for? (make us feel more comfortable, left wing and right wing date back to the French Revolution)  oRadical   Problems of the country can only be solved through extreme measures, and these need to take place immediately   Radical Right- Militant, reactionary, denounce government   Radical Left- Government should control means of production

26 Anders Breivik- Norwegian Radical Want to see video of this?

27 Want to see a video of this guy’s political party?

28  o Liberal (left wing)   Look to the government for solutions to problems, accept interference if it would take care of basic needs  o Moderate (most people)   Accept government as it is, but favor new and better laws  o Conservative (right wing)   “That government governs best which governs least”, give individuals as much freedom as possible, leave most decisions up to the state or local level  o But these labels don’t really cover everything…Depends who calls who what… for example, let’s draw the political spectrum line

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30  Patterns of Voting   Split Ticket- support both parties   Straight Ticket- support their own party   Cross Over Voting- support the other party… why?  How are political parties organized?  PGO: Democrats_______ / Republicans_________/ Independent________ / Tea Party______ / Other ________  oNational Committee   Most noticeable during election years   Plan national convention   Raise money   Write the party platform   Run the Presidential campaign

31  What happens at party conventions?  oControl of the Convention   Used to be caucuses (closed door meetings), now it is primaries (statewide party elections)  Platform Committee   Come to agreement, choose majority candidate and then everyone runs behind him/her to appear united  Steps Taken to Become President   THE Announcement  I’m running for President of the United States… watch out for skeletons in the closet.

32  o Primaries   Test out the water for who’s in the lead   Closed Primaries- only vote for your own party   Open Primaries- nobody knows who you are until you vote   Cross Over Primaries- You vote for the other’s candidates… why?   Many say primaries are ridiculous…   Others say it allows them to be close to voters, get rid of weak candidates, and helps focus issues

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35 { Sometimes things don’t go according to plan at the National Conventions… DNC 2012: God and the Capital of Israel

36  o National Convention   Choose who they want… over and over and over and over and… until someone’s chosen   Dark Horse: we didn’t think he’d win the nomination…. Oh well.  o Campaigning   Mostly between Labor Day and day we vote  o Election Day (FTAFMIN)   Computer, ballots, punch card (Chads)  o Inauguration   Lame Duck: time in office after the election and you’re on your way out   Usually they help each other get adjusted to coming in to office

37 And now what I need is a representative from each class who you all feel could stand the test of skeletons in the closet and run for President.

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