2Steering Over Steering Under Steering The driver turns the steering wheel too muchUnder SteeringThe driver did not turn the wheel enough
3Steering Two Methods Used for Steering Hand Over Hand Steering Push-Pull Method
4Steering in ReverseWhen steering in reverse, always turn your steering wheel in the direction that you want the back of your car to go.Always look behind you and not just in your mirrors
5TurnaboutsA turnabout is used for turning your car to go in the opposite direction.Turnabouts should rarely be used
6Types of Turnabouts Midblock U-Turn Back into driveway on right side Pull into driveway on left sidePull into driveway on rightsideThree-point turnabout
7Changing Lanes Steps to follow while changing lanes: Check traffic in the front and left-front zones. Check rear zones through the rearview mirrorsSignal and make a blind-spot check over your left shoulder to see if any vehicle is about to pass you
8Changing Lanes Check traffic ahead Increase your speed slightly as you steer smoothly into the next lane if it is clearCancel your signal and adjust your speed
9Making Turns Check all around your car (6 zones) Be in the lane closest to turn about a block before turnObey all traffic signs, regulations, signals, and roadway markingsRemember to yield to oncoming traffic and that pedestrians have the right of wayThe last place you should always look is the direction that you’re turning.
10Making TurnsIt is recommended to slowdown to about 10 mph when making a turn.Always brake gradually for your turnsSteering and Speed Control is vital when making a proper turn.Always turn into the closet lane available to you.
11Backing Left and Right Check traffic (6 zones) Use hand over hand methodIf you want to back to the right, steer to the rightIf you want to back to the left, steer to the left
12Types of Parking Angle - To park your vehicle diagonally to the curb Perpendicular - To park your vehicle at a right angle to the curbParallel - To park your vehicle parallel to the curb
13ParkingWhen you leave any type of parking space, you must yield to all trafficAlways signal when entering into a parking spaceA person’s Reference Point, Standard Reference Point, and Personal Reference Point can be used for parking
14Up and Down Hill Parking Uphill with a curb - StreetUphill without a curb - GrassDownhill with a curb - GrassDownhill without a curb - GrassAlways make sure you know the direction of your tires when leaving a parking spotAlways use your Parking Brake on a hill
15Hand SignalsThese signals are most often used by motorcyclists and bicyclistsLeft – Left Arm Straight OutRight – Left Arm Bent at 90 degrees upStop – Left Arm Bent at 90 degrees down
16Key Vocab Reference Point Push-Pull Steering A part of the outside/inside of he vehicle as viewed from the driver seat, that relates to some part of the roadway.Push-Pull SteeringPushing the steering wheel up with one hand and down with the other.
17Key VocabParallel – Difficult parking maneuver that is done along side a curb and backing into a stallRear Zone – The zone behind you that you want to make sure is clear before backing up
18Key Things to RememberYou should be in the lane closest to the center lane to begin a left turn on a two-way street.A standard reference point might be a hood ornament.Only use your left foot to push down on the Clutch PedalLook Ahead, Plan Ahead, Stay Back!!!