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Social Movement Outcomes Environment and Responses.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Movement Outcomes Environment and Responses."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Movement Outcomes Environment and Responses

2 Examples Movements such as IWA, Nazism, Women Rights Movements, Anti Globalization movements are a few examples of the importance of social movements and collective action for social change.

3 Right and Left The large scale changes produced by social movements often depend on the political environment/ spectrum- right and left. Right wing- are usually defeated in some way-you can’t hold back the path of change. Left wing-grow with society, more inclusive, more organized.

4 Suzanne Staggenborg The Social Movements Suzanne Staggenborg Examines the socio-politic environment of the 1960s that gave rise to number of social movements… 1960’s Protest Cycle..

5 Protest Cycle of the 1960s Began in the 1950s, with the Civil Rights Movement… Civil Rights Provided a model for collective action that help spur on a number of other protests including: Second Wave Feminism, Gay Rights, Environmental Movement, and Anti- Globalization. (Aka Global Justice)

6 Macro level changes All social movement theories point to the effects of large scale socio-economic and political changes on the outcomes of social movements. Social movements do not exist in a vacuum. As a result, many of the `inclusive’ movements we see today emerged during the Protest Cycle of the 1960s’

7 1960s Were made from the 1950s…1950s a conservative time, boys and girls in separate compartments. (instrumental and expressive role-see Parsons) Many were unaware of racial issues, gays were definitely in the closet, environment not a concern…Build more highways loaded with litter…

8 For example The Civil Rights Movement-economic changes and the urbanization of Blacks was occurring. This allowed Black churches to mobilize. In another example, it was demographic changes, along with the Cold War and problems of Vietnam that allow student of the New Left to organize and be successful.

9 Once the cycle of protest was underway, new movements were inspired to organize. Civil Rights Movement inspired the follow movements: Women’s movement, Gay Liberation Movement, Environmental Movement, Anti Globalization Movement

10 Women’s Movement Another movement inspired by the cycle of protest in the 1960s. The Second Wave of the Feminist Movement was clearly aided by large scale transformations such as the declining birthrate and changes in labour market. No longer was the stay at home mom economically possible for many.

11 2 nd Wave Women’s movements in Canada and the US had significant success Staggenborg “their successes may partly explain the relative decline in women’s rights movements-insofar as women had fewer grievances”

12 However The maintenance of Second Wave groups and the Rise in Third Wave groups indicates that on-going issues such as family violence, reproductive rights continue to mobilize some women.

13 Also, the presence of countermovements on issues such as abortion and backlash literature has meant the feminist groups continue to have relevance. See Anti-abortion groups, Anti-gay movements

14 Gay Liberation Movement The protest cycle of 1960s created greater public space for sexual minorities See San Francisco Calif. Vancouver Can. Political opportunities such as the adoption of the Charter of Rights (1982) helped as well.

15 Canada Association for Social Knowledge 1964- gradual addressed issues such as gays and lesbian denied basic rights such as employment By 1971, their low key approach early gave rise to Gay Liberation Movement

16 Since 1971, lobbied for inclusion secured human rights under the Charter 1982 In 2005, became legal same-sex marriage across Canada

17 Another Outcome The politics of gov’ts that are more centralized like the UK and Canada Have helped Gay Rights Movement-for example, the Gay Pride Parade –make it appear the issue has been won. However, organizers continue to fight for rights in countries such Russia and Iran.

18 Environment Movement The protest cycle of the 1960s, gave rise to environmental movement. However, the widespread threats of toxic waste, the destruction of forest, and global warming continue to keep the environmental movement alive.

19 Hooker Chemical had sold the site to the Niagara Falls School Board in 1953 for $1, with a deed explicitly detailing the presence of the waste, [1] and including a liability limitation clause about the contamination. [1]

20 This movement continues: Political opening such in Canada and Germany Support in the number of Green Parties Have had support however, as they become institutionalized and bureaucratized, they have had less impact.

21 Anti Globalization Expanding internationalism has brought political opportunities for a new global justice movement.. Neo-liberal policies have created new grievances around the world around – privatization of gov’t owned commodities such as water, electricity and health care.

22 However, the movement seeks to tackle global capitalism, 1. build more democracy 2.Create more equitable relations 3.Reform political economic structure.

23 Rethink neoliberal policies To rethink the current global economic and social policies and to recommit ourselves to the human rights principles

24 Basic Rights Every woman, man, youth and child has the human right to a secure home and community in which to live in peace and dignity. This human right has received global recognition and is firmly established in a number of international human rights instruments,[4] most notably in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

25 Global Issues Globalisation and the process of increasing economic integration have limited the capacity of nation-states to provide adequate resources …to fulfill the economic, social and cultural rights of their citizens, including housing and essential social services.

26 Global Dialectic-conflict view Bourgeoisie/Proletariat Haves and Have Nots First and Third World Strong (competitive) weak (dependent) Critical- control and domination Ie. David Korten

27 Alternative agenda In defining an alternative agenda of anti- 'globalization' or 'anti-capitalism', the mass mobilizations have put the institutions on the defensive

28 Single Movement? Mobilizations spring from their everyday disgust at the dull compulsion of a world dominated by capital: a world of work, ecological destruction, poverty etc. Single movement is the fact of multiple and contradictory agendas in and around the mobilizations. The emphasis on 'globalization' versus 'capitalism' typically reflects profound differences of analysis, approach and, at bottom, class position

29 Summary Social Movements do not exist in a vacuum. They are influenced by the socio-political environments of their day. Social Movement emerge, and thrive or weaken depending on the responses from the broader social environment

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