Presentation on theme: "Outcome: Pupils will begin to analyse Act 5 Scene 1 of Shakespeare’s Macbeth."— Presentation transcript:
Outcome: Pupils will begin to analyse Act 5 Scene 1 of Shakespeare’s Macbeth.
Setting the Scene: Act 5 Scene 1 Lady Macbeth persuades her husband to murder King Duncan. Then, to cover his tracks and protect his throne, Macbeth has Banquo murdered. He then attempts to have Macduff killed but only manages to kill his family. Lady Macbeth, in this scene, dreams about her part in these crimes. Act 5 Scene 1 is known as the “sleepwalking” scene.
Act 5, Scene 1 Dunsinane, an ante-room in the castle. Enter a Doctor of Physic and a Waiting-Gentlewoman Doctor I have two nights watched with you, but can perceive no truth in your report. When was it she last walked? Gentlewoman Since his majesty went into the field, I have seen her rise from her bed, throw her night-gown upon her, unlock her closet, take forth paper, fold it, write upon't, read it, afterwards seal it, and again return to bed; yet all this while in a most fast sleep. Physic=medicine. You could also have a Dr of the Church Side roomMacbeth’s castle see sleepwalked One of Lady M’s servants Since Macbeth went to the battlefield Closet=small private room for study/prayer Where have we seen her with a letter before? Fast asleep Target Question Why is LM writing letters in her sleep?
Doctor A great perturbation in nature, to receive at once the benefit of sleep, and do the effects of watching! In this slumbery agitation, besides her walking and other actual performances, what, at any time, have you heard her say? Disturbance in her character The actions of someone awake Sleep walking Has she said anything in her sleep?
Gentlewoman That, sir, which I will not report after her. Doctor You may to me: and 'tis most meet you should. Gentlewoman Neither to you nor any one; having no witness to confirm my speech. She has said things I won’t repeat It is right that you should I’m saying nothing as I have no witnesses to back me up.
Enter LADY MACBETH, with a taper Gentlewoman Lo you, here she comes! This is her very guise; and, upon my life, fast asleep. Observe her; stand close. Doctor How came she by that light? Gentlewoman Why, it stood by her: she has light by her continually; 'tis her command. A small light Look This is exactly how she looks. How did she get that light? Stood by her bed. She has commanded that she always has light. Target Question: In Act 1 Scene 5, Lady Macbeth calls on “thick night” to cover the murder. Why does she now “continually” want light?
Doctor You see, her eyes are open. Gentlewoman Ay, but their sense is shut. Doctor What is it she does now? Look, how she rubs her hands. Gentlewoman It is an accustomed action with her, to seem thus washing her hands: I have known her continue in this a quarter of an hour. She can’t what is happening around her, where she is. Familiar To seem like she’s washing her hands. Target Question: Why is Lady M Washing her hands in her sleep?
Lady Macbeth Yet here's a spot. Doctor Hark! she speaks: I will set down what comes from her, to satisfy my remembrance the more strongly. Still, here’s a spot of blood- she can’t get it all off. Listen Write down To help my memory Target Question: In this picture why is the blood only dripping in the shadow?
Lady Macbeth’s next line is: Out, damned spot! out, I say!— Imagine you are an actress playing LM. What would your EVA be like when saying these lines? Copy out the quotation and complete these sentences: 1.Her expression should be… because… The actresses’ voice would be … since… Her actions…… For the reason that…… Cursed, destined to go to hell.
Lady Macbeth Out, damned spot! out, I say!--One: two: why, then, 'tis time to do't.--Hell is murky!--Fie, my lord, fie! a soldier, and afeard? What need we fear who knows it, when none can call our power to account?--Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him. An old word used to show disgust with, somebody. Time to do what? A soldier and scared!- Who is she talking to? We’ve no need to be scared who knows that we killed Duncan? Nobody can question our actions-why? Target Question: Who is the old man?
Doctor Do you mark that? Lady Macbeth The thane of Fife had a wife: where is she now?-- What, will these hands ne'er be clean?--No more o' that, my lord, no more o' that: you mar all with this starting. notice Target Question: How would the doctor say these lines to the gentlewoman? spoil Thane of Fife=Macduff. His wife and family were murdered by Macbeth.
Doctor Go to, go to; you have known what you should not. Gentlewoman She has spoke what she should not, I am sure of that: heaven knows what she has known. Go away, you’ve heard something you shouldn’t. She has said something she shouldn’t. God knows her crimes. Target Question: Who last used heaven and hell imagery?
Lady Macbeth Here's the smell of the blood still: all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand. Oh, oh, oh! Arabia (in the Middle East) was famous in Shakespeare’s time for exotic perfumes Target Question: Why won’t the perfumes wash away the smell? She lets out a series of moans.
Doctor What a sigh is there! The heart is sorely charged. Painfully heavy/full Target Questions: What does the doctor mean when he says her heart is full? To charge a glass means to fill it up
Task What does this picture have to do with Lady Macbeth?
Gentlewoman I would not have such a heart in my bosom for the dignity of the whole body. Chest Worth/value Target Questions: Why doesn’t the Gentlewoman want Lady Macbeth’s heart?
The Four Humours=moods Doctors in Shakespeare’s time thought that the human body was filled with four basic substances, called humours. If they were balanced you were healthy. If they were unbalanced (you had too much or two little of one of them) they could make you sick and affect your personality. The four humours were called: –Black bile, made you melancholy sad. –Yellow bile, made you angry and bad tempered. –Phlegm, made you unemotional and calm. –Blood, made you brave and amorous. If you had too much of this doctors would bleed you with leeches!!! What kind of person are you? Which humour have you got too much of?
Diagnosis Murderer The four humours were called: –Black bile, made you melancholy sad. –Yellow bile, made you angry and bad tempered. –Phlegm, made you unemotional and calm. –Blood, made you brave and amorous. If you had too much of this doctors would bleed you with leeches!!! If you were the Doctor of Physic investigating Lady Macbeth’s illness, which of these “humours” would you diagnose as her problem? What is your evidence?
What has this picture got to do with the scenes we are studying?
What about this one?
Doctor Well, well, well,-- Gentlewoman Pray God it be, sir. He’s interested She takes the word “well” to mean “good/healthy”. I pray to God it is well.
Doctor This disease is beyond my practise: yet I have known those which have walked in their sleep who have died holily in their beds. Metaphor, guilt as a disease. My experience or skill. But Like saints Target Question: Why does the Dr say this?
Lady Macbeth Wash your hands, put on your nightgown; look not so pale.--I tell you yet again, Banquo's buried; he cannot come out on's grave. Doctor Even so? She is reliving the events after the murder. Of his What part of the play is she reliving here? Is that right?
Lady Macbeth To bed, to bed! there's knocking at the gate: come, come, come, come, give me your hand. What's done cannot be undone.--To bed, to bed, to bed! Exit After the murder of Duncan, Macduff arrives and knocks the porter of Macbeth’s castle up Target Question: What can’t be undone?
Doctor Will she go now to bed? Gentlewoman Directly. Straight there, straight away
Doctor Foul whisperings are abroad: unnatural deeds Do breed unnatural troubles: infected minds To their deaf pillows will discharge their secrets: Horrible rumours are spreading. amongst people Target Question: What “foul whisperings” does he mean? Unnatural actions Metaphor, guilt as a disease Personification- pillows with human qualities Blood will have blood
Why is guilt like a disease? Task - Metaphor Mapping GUILTDISEASE
More needs she the divine than the physician. God, God forgive us all! A priest, bishop etc in the service of God. Doctor Target Question: Why does Lady Macbeth need a priest rather than a doctor?
Look after her; Remove from her the means of all annoyance, And still keep eyes upon her. So, good night: My mind she has mated, and amazed my sight. I think, but dare not speak. Gentlewoman Good night, good doctor. Exeunt Remove anything she could use to hurt herself Beaten-checkmated, winning move in chess Target Question: Why won’t he speak?
The Doctor says “Unnatural deeds do breed unnatural troubles” What is “unnatural” in the play?