Presentation on theme: "Developmental Assessment of Young Children"— Presentation transcript:
1Developmental Assessment of Young Children DAYCDevelopmental Assessment of Young Children
2Who Can Administer?“Examiners who give and interpret the DAYC should have formal training in assessment.” “Training should result in thorough understanding of testing statistics and general procedures governing test administration, scoring and interpretation.”
3How Long does it take to administer? Each subtest can be completed in minutes.Overall assessment one hour
4What Areas Does DAYC test? Physical Development (combines fine and gross motor)Communication (combines expressive/receptive)AdaptiveSocial-EmotionalCognitive
6Adjusting for Prematurity When testing a premature child, use the child’s chronological age for determining standard scores. An adjusted age may provide helpful clinical information to write an Informed Clinical Opinion (to qualify or not).
7Administering Procedures 1Observation Interview Direct Assessment23
8ObservationThe examiner may observe the child at play or interacting with the caregiver to determine if the child has specific skills.Example:Tells caregiver of toilet needs in time to get to the toilet.Crosses street safely.
9InterviewThe examiner may go over test items with caregivers for skills unable to be observed or assessed at that time.Example:May ask the caregiver if the child sleeps through the night.
10Direct AssessmentSeveral items require that the examiner test the child directly.Example:Matches simple shapes, such as circle, square, triangle.
11Where to Start the TestEach subtest is broken down into brackets indicating the starting point.
12Scoring Items are “Passed” or “Not Passed” Passed items earn a 1 point Not passed are scored 0
143 consecutive 1 items Basal The True Basal is the one closet to the ceiling
153 out of 5 items are failed Ceiling The true ceiling is the one that is closet to the basal
16Raw ScoreExample A: 34How: Last number of Basal is (32) + all “1” between the basal and the ceiling (2) = 34 (credit given to 25 because it fell bellow the basal)Example B: 19How: Last number of basal (14) + all “1” between the basal and ceiling (5) = 19Example C: 15How: No basal was established (common with severe kids) All points were summer =19Example D: 34How: Examiner should have started at item 30 (due to age) and stopped when achieved ceiling. Test is always scored as if the basal and ceiling had been attained properly. Last number in basal (32) + all “1” between basal and ceiling (2) = 34
17Converting Raw Score to Percentile Step 1: Take Raw score (example Cognitive for 11 month old: 14) to Appendix A
18Converting Raw score to Percentile Cont. Step 2: Take Standard Score (94) to Appendix C (percentile conversion chart)