2 European capitals : high density, multidwelling units, underground cables Amsterdam, over households, 70 % rental.High density
3 Local loop investment urban (high density) Capex: 10 % fiber, 10 % other stuff, 30 % labor inside building, 50 % labor outside building.So why skimp on fiber?In suburbs: more fiber, less labor in building.
4 Existing, shared, reallocation possible Amsterdam, over households, 70 % rental.High density
5 Topology , technology, unbundling Point to pointAny technology ( Ethernet, Gpon, 10 Gpon, Lambda) in any mixFull unbundling loop for competitorsColoHome1 : 8 split1 : 4 splitStaged PONGpon, 10 Gpon upgradeUnbundling per 8, or patch closet in streetColo1 : 64 splitDeep PONGpon,Only Bistream wholesale , or patch closet in streetColo
6 POP: local switch house Ethernet, PON and ??Citynet: more than point-to-point connections per POPActive EthernetGPON1 : 32 optical split in POPFutureLike this. Even more efficient for GPON: better utilization ONT.POP: local switch houseCross-connect in POP to technologyWith or without splittersPer home selectable