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Group 2B Supervised By: Dr. Tareef Alaama. Introduction The safety of medicines is an essential part of patient safety. Harmful, unintended reactions.

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Presentation on theme: "Group 2B Supervised By: Dr. Tareef Alaama. Introduction The safety of medicines is an essential part of patient safety. Harmful, unintended reactions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Group 2B Supervised By: Dr. Tareef Alaama

2 Introduction The safety of medicines is an essential part of patient safety. Harmful, unintended reactions to medicines are among the leading causes of death in many countries.

3 Medication error "any preventable event that leads to inappropriate medication use or patient harm “

4 combination of the physician‘s and patient’s factors were implicated in this problem.

5 -382 patients - frequency of mistakes in communication and their incidence in errors. Mira JJ Fam Pract, 2012 aug 17

6 287 (75%)1 drug error 16 (4%)4 or more errors 19 (5%)Severe consequences

7 Justification : However, there is lack of comprehensive epidemiological studies done to evaluate the outcome of the current prescription practice used in KAUH. Such studies are urgently needed.

8 Objectives To identify the method used by the doctors to educate the patients about medication and the patient’s level of understanding. To identify the relation between patient’s level of understanding and subsequent consequences (noncompliance, adverse effects).

9 Methodology

10 Tow يبال \ sdfgfdgdfgfdg Amon g Patien ts Amon g Doctor s Amon g Doctor s The team followed ethical confidentiality and freedom of participation. self administered questionnaire was given to All Participants approached during the day of interview and accepted to participate were included.

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13 Results

14 Methods Used by Doctors to Educate patients about their medications Are the patients understanding? 73.12% 7.53% 17.20% 1.06%

15 How well the patients understand Doctors 6.45% 30.11% 63.44%

16 Why?

17 How familiar is the patient with using his medication? 31.18% 68.82%

18 How Many Patients are Not Taking Medication as prescribed 4.30% 65.59% 30.11%

19 Why are patients not taking their medication

20 How many of those taking medications improperly developed side effects 2.15 % 25.81% 72.04%

21 Are The Patients educated about Side Effects of Their medication

22 Results

23 Method Used By doctors to Explain Use of Medication

24 Does The Doctor ask the patient to repeat after Him always/

25 Causes of non compliance

26 Other Causes

27 Does The Doctor Provide information about their treatment

28 Does The Doctor Provide His Patient With A Contact Number

29 Doctors’ opinion

30

31 Our proposed interventions: 1.using an illustrative prescription, preferably to be standardized

32 Patient’s name :……………………………… MR no. : ………………………. Weight : …………… Diagnosis : …………………………………………………………………………….. Doctor’s Name : …………………………….. Signature : …………………… Hot line number: MedicationRoute dose / frequency/ duration TimeMeal Side effects /interactions Other : ………….. a.m …………….. p.m Other : Before With After ……………. Doctor’s note : ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

33 Patient’s name :…………….……… MR no. : ……………. Patient’s name :……………. Mr.X ……… MR no. : …… ………. Weight : ……… Weight : … 80 kg …… Diagnosis : …… ……………………………………………………………….. Diagnosis : …… DM ……………………………………………………………….. Doctor’s Name : …………………………….. Signature : …………………… Hot line number: MedicationRoute dose / frequency/ duration TimeMeal Side effects /interactions glucophg e Other : 500 mg Twice a day For life ! ………….. a.m …………….. p.m Other : Before With After Gastro- intestinal upset Doctor’s note : ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

34 2. educating each patient fully about their medications in terms of: indications, therapeutic goals, adverse effects and alarming signs(toxicity) that requires seeking medical care.

35 3. Creation of a hotline: Where a medical personnel (physician/ pharmacist/ nurse) will be available to answer patients’ questions

36

37 Acknowledgment Dr. Sameera Albasri Dr. Abeer Arab Prof. Saad Shohaib Dr. Mawiya khafaji Dr. Ezz Abdulfattah Dr. Majda hagras Prof. Talal baksh Prof. Mahmoud Shaheen Al Ahwal RPh. Bushra Alotaybi Mr. Tariq Nadir

38 Group 2B Supervised By: Supervised By: Dr. Tareef Alaama Sumaya Shinawi Meyad Albalawi Nooran Badeeb Shaima Alshareef Dania Bamofleh Hanan Lamfon Rahaf Mandura Nouf Turki Aroub Al-Kaaki Rawan Arif Hanan Alhazmi

39 References 1.Mira JJ et al. Physician patient communication failure facilitates medication errors in older polymedicated patients with multiple comorbidities. Fam Pract, 2012 aug 17 2.Brodell RT, Helms SE, KrishnaRao I, Bredle DL. Prescription errors. Legibility and drug name confusion. Arch Fam Med May- Jun;6(3): Campos A, Reyes J, Torres M. Therapeutic compliance among asthma patients in an allergy clinic: third evaluation (SEGARIA Project). Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) Jul-Aug;34(4): /en/


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