2 Music in the 1950’s Works Cited History Rock n Roll Artists Doo Wop Influence
3 Before the 50’s Mainly jazz and big band styles The era of World War IIMusic reflected the pain that the country was going throughStill up and positive about the future to take peoples’ minds off of the warThe positive sounds of the 40’s helped to develop the new rock’n’roll soundsFor more information on music from the 40’s click on the picture in the right hand corner of this slide.
4 Doo-Wop Style of mainly a cappella rhythm and blues Developed in the 1940’s in African American communities but became popular in the mid-1950’sPracticed in schools, homes and alleys in major cities like New York, Baltimore, Chicago and PittsburghClick here for more information on doo-wop.Click on the photo to hear “Gee” by The Crows.
5 Rock’n’Roll Combination of the blues, country music and gospel music Piano or saxophone were usually the lead instrumentFirst rock’n’roll song to top the charts was Bill Haley’s “Rock Around the Clock” in July 1955Top artists of this time were Elvis Presley, Billie Holiday, Chuck Berry, Fats Domino, Frank Sinatra, Johnny Cash, Little Richard and Jerry Lee LewisClick here to learn more about rock’n’roll.
6 Click on the pictures to learn more about these great artists.
7 Jerry Lee Lewis Born September 29, 1935 in Ferriday, Louisiana Singer, pianist, songwriterOne of the 1st artists to gain attention by throwing equipment aroundAudiences loved the part in his performance when he’d stand up and throw the piano bench across the stage mostWould take off jacket and tie while still playing the piano, singing and dancing1957-Received gold records for “Great Balls of Fire” and “Whole Lotta Shakin’ Goin’ On”Click on the picture to the left to hear “Great Balls of Fire” by Jerry Lee Lewis.
8 Johnny Cash Born February 26, 1932 in Kingsland, Arkansas Click on the picture to the right to hear “Walk the Line” by Johnny Cash.Johnny CashBorn February 26, 1932 in Kingsland, ArkansasSinger, guitarist, songwriterKnown for his bass-baritone voice, the “freight train” sound of his band the Tennessee Three, the way he acted and the way he dressedWearing dark clothing giving him the nickname “The Man in Black”Started all of his concerts saying “Hello, I’m Johnny Cash.”Some of his signature songs are “Walk the Line,” “Folsom Prison Blues,” and “Ring of Fire.”
9 Little Richard Born December 25, 1932 in Macon, Georgia Singer, pianist, songwriter and band leaderMostly influenced by black gospel artists of the 1930’s and 40’sSome of his greatest hits include “Tutti Frutti,” “Jenny, Jenny,” “Rip It Up” and “Good Golly, Miss Molly”Click on the picture to the left to hear “Tutti Frutti” by Little Richard.
10 Elvis Presley Born January 8, 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi Click on the picture to the right to hear “Heartbreak Hotel” by Elvis Presley.Elvis PresleyBorn January 8, 1935 in Tupelo, MississippiSinger, guitarist, actor“King of Rock’n’Roll”Inspired by the rhythm and blues records he heard at truck stops along his route as a truck driverFirst single released was “Heartbreak Hotel” which was a number one hit.Other great hits were “I Forgot to Remember to Forget,” “Don’t Be Cruel,” “Hound Dog,” “Love Me Tender,” and “Jailhouse Rock.”
11 Influence on PeopleMusic had a big influence on lifestyles, fashion, attitudes and languageThe word teenager was created in the 1950’s because teenagers were becoming more independent and free, partially with they're music interestsWhen rock’n’roll began they loved itParents believed that the music they’re children listened to was the cause of the huge changeSeemed to be causing more rebellion and defensiveness
12 Influence on People (cont.) Main style was greasers and preppiesGreasers wore black leather and denim jeans like in the movie “Grease”Preppies wore circular or pleated skirts and scoop neck blouses, cardigans, or tight polo necksThey began dressing this way once they began being independent and listening to they're own kind of music
13 Work Cited"Rock and roll -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. 26 Feb <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rock_and_roll#Early_rock_and_roll_records>."The 1950's Decade s - All-time top 100 music and songs." All-time Music Charts - Vinylsurrender Top, Best, Greatest Songs, Artists and Albums Ever. Web. 26 Feb <http://www.vinylsurrender.com/Music/Decade/1950s.php>."Doo-wop -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. 26 Feb <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doo_wop>.Stambler, Irwin. Encyclopedia of Pop, Rock, and Soul. Vol. 1. New York/ London: St. Martin's/ St. James Pres, 1997."Rock and Roll History." Salsa, tango, rock and roll, belly dance. Web. 26 Feb <http://www.esto.es/rock/english/history.htm>.
14 Work Cited (cont.)"Johnny Cash -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. 26 Feb <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnny_cash>."Elvis Presley -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. 26 Feb <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_presley>."Little Richard -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. 25 Feb <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_richard>."1940's Music played in the 40's Bands groups singers memories from The People History Site." Where People, History and Memories Join Together from The People History Site. Web. 26 Feb <http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/40smusic.html>."The Doo-Wop Sound." The History of Rock and Roll. Web. 26 Feb <http://www.history-of-rock.com/DooWopSound.htm>."THE HISTORY OF JAZZ MUSIC - BIG BAND ERA." Swing Music Net - Jazz Music And Jazz History. Web. 26 Feb <http://www.swingmusic.net/getready.html>.