Presentation on theme: "ODYSSEY BOOK 9 test 1)What important information does Odysseus reveal at the beginning of this book? His identity 2) What adventures did Odysseus and his."— Presentation transcript:
ODYSSEY BOOK 9 test 1)What important information does Odysseus reveal at the beginning of this book? His identity 2) What adventures did Odysseus and his men experience on: -the land of the Cicones? (line 40-50) -the land of the Lotus Eaters? (line 90-100) Cicones – sacked and plundered the town. Lotus eaters – men forgot there home while eating Lotus 3) Describe the land of the Cyclops. (lines116-120) A Luxuriant island covered with woods and goats 4) How was the Cyclopes’ society different than that of Odysseus’? They don’t work, don’t have assemblies or crafts or trades, and the people are fierce and lawless without reverence for Zeus & the other gods.
ODYSSEY BOOK 9 test 5) With what intentions did Odysseus approach Polyphemus’ cave? To find people to get hospitaility – food, drink, etc 6) Polyphemus resembles both a man and a superhuman, in actions as well as behaviour. Provide evidence to support this statement. Human failings – getting drunk, needing help from his neighbours. Godlike in power & strength 7) How does Odysseus appeal to the Cyclops? (Page 117, line 269-272) In the name of Zeus the protector of guests and strangers 8)How does Polyphemus react to the mention of Zeus in Page117? “We cyclops care nothing for Zeus and his Aegis” 9)Why did Odysseus lie when Polyphemus asked where his ship was? What does this show about Odysseus? He fears polyphemus would attack the ship if he knew where it was. It shows Odysseus’ cunning and caution (craftiness)
ODYSSEY BOOK 9 test 10) Why didn’t Odysseus avenge the savage death of his friends right from the beginning? What does this show about Odysseus? He knew if he succeeded in killing the cyclops, he’d have no one to move the stone to let them out of the cave – so they’d still be trapped. More evidence of his intelligence ad foresight 11) Why does Odysseus lie about his name? He wants anonymity, and maybe guesses it’ll be useful when Polyphemus calls for help but says ‘no one’ is harming him 12) List in the right order, the steps Odysseus takes in order to blind Polyphemus. What does this show about Odysseus? i) cuts the staff, ii) smooth and sharpen it, iii) harden it in the fire, iv) get Polyphemus drunk, v) get it burning in the fire, vi) stab out the eye with lots of descriptive hissing 13) How do Odysseus and his men get out of the cave and what is the irony of this? Tied under the sheep’s bellies. The irony is that Polyphemus LETS them out
ODYSSEY BOOK 9 test 14) Polyphemus’s speech to his favourite ram contradicts whatever impressions we have of him. Why? Provide evidence to illustrate your answer. He comes across as a caring man talking kindly to a friend or family member. “Sweet ram, why are you the last to leave the cave….” 15) Why does Odysseus reveal his true identity in the end? What is the outcome? So was Odysseus wise or rather stupid? He wants the Cleos (fame). It means that Polyphemus can curse him in his father Poseidon’s name, and this is what causes all the subsequent trouble returning home. Not the best decision. 16) To whom does the Cyclops pray in P. 123-4? Why is it unusual that he is praying? (Think back to what happened in P 117). Poseidon. He had said they care nothing for Zeus “or the rest of the blessed gods” 17) What is the Cyclops’ prayer (explain in detail) and how does this affect Odysseus and his crew? The Odysseus may never reach his home, and if he does “let him come late, in wretched plight, having lost his comrades, in a foreign ship, and let him find trouble at home”