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How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? If you are presenting a current event today (POTUS, LOTUS, SCOTUS, NOTUS, OR NITUS) please come and.

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Presentation on theme: "How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? If you are presenting a current event today (POTUS, LOTUS, SCOTUS, NOTUS, OR NITUS) please come and."— Presentation transcript:

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2 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? If you are presenting a current event today (POTUS, LOTUS, SCOTUS, NOTUS, OR NITUS) please come and get your Response log from last Friday. Today in History : Roosevelt travels to Panama, 1906 Nazis suppressed in Munich, 1923 Nazis launch Kristallnacht, 1938 Interesting Fact?: A catfish has approximately 100,000 taste buds. The Word: Perseverance ( Perseverancia) - To persist in spite of opposition or discouragement. Nov 12

3 The Constitution &The Judiciary Article III Section 1. “The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.”

4 Federal Court System (Article III) Supreme Court Courts of Appeals Federal District Courts

5 The Supreme Court

6 In its early history the Court was not so prestigious. John Jay retired from the Supreme Court to run for governor of New York. He later declined Adams’ appointment as Chief Justice The framers of the Constitution spent only two days drafting and debating Article III When Pierre L’Enfant designed Washington DC he forgot to plan for the Court building The Supreme Court didn’t have a permanent home until 1935

7 Chief Justice John Marshall’s 35 year tenure ( ) shaped the Court into a strong check on power, and protector of liberty. Marshall’s pro- Federalists decisions strengthened both the Court and the national government Especially important was Marbury v. Madison established the precedent of judicial review

8 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? Most of the major Supreme Court, and lower federal court, cases are related to the Bill of Rights. For many people the Supreme Court has served as the Court of Last Resort in defending individual rights. The Supreme Courts and the Bill of Rights

9 “We The People” Projects Part 2 Each group must have their answer to their second set of questions, and sub-questions, turned in by Thursday, Nov ¾ to 2 pages typed with member job descriptions and sources. Must site your Unit material in the “We The People” text. We will use one or two more class days to work on answering your question.

10 “We The People” Projects Today 1.Make sure everyone in your group understands the question(s) 2.Decide who will do what and write each members responsibilities on the group card. (Suggestion first divide the sub-questions and then later you bring together the information to work together on the main question.) 3.Start reading and writing down information from the text that will be helpful. Use the laptops, print your notes, and save to the student drive.

11 “We The People” Projects End of Period Part 2 1.Turn in your group cards with each members responsibility and which numbered question you chose. 2.Turn in and save any information you have gathered today to the student drive (not the computer). 3.Turn in your Unit question sheets. Paper clip them together at the front table.

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13 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? If you are presenting a current event today (POTUS, LOTUS, SCOTUS, NOTUS, OR NITUS) please come and get your Response log from last Friday. Today in History : Vietnam Veterans Memorial dedicated, 1982 Interesting Fact?: The Manchineel tree is so poisonous that any contact with the tree or its fruits can cause serious injury or death. The Word: Perseverance ( Perseverancia) - To persist in spite of opposition or discouragement. Nov 13 13

14 Tomorrow During 4 th period tomorrow State Representative Steve Bergquist will be meeting with us in the Lecture Hall. Your ticket to the meeting will be a signed pass from your 4 th period teacher. Your class work needs to be caught up and make-up work available for that class period.

15 The Supreme Court

16 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? A.Consists of 8 Associate Justices and 1 Chief Justice 1.Number of Justices is set by Congress B.Highest court in the land—the court of last resort C.Key powers 1.Power of judicial review 2.Power to overrule earlier Supreme Court decisions 3.Interpret laws including the Constitution Fundamentals

17 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? Federal Laws held unconstitutional State Laws held unconstitutional Ordinances held unconstitutional State and local laws held preempted by federal laws Supreme Court decisions overruled by subsequent decision Acts declared “unconstitutional” by the Supreme Court

18 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? A.Original: in cases involving: ● States ● Ambassadors B.Appellate: in cases from ● Courts of Appeals ● State Supreme Courts ● Cases from appellate jurisdiction are far more numerous than from original jurisdiction Jurisdiction - official power to make legal decisions and judgments

19 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? A.The main road to the Supreme Court is by a writ of certiorari (“to be made certain”) B.Certs are granted when attorneys for the case petition the Court on the grounds that the case was mishandled by the lower court or the case involves an important Constitutional question. How cases reach the Supreme Court

20 “We The People” Projects Part 2 Today 1.Make sure everyone in your group understands their question(s) 1.Answers to the two bulleted questions using the textbook are due by the end of the period. (typed or hand written)

21 “We The People” Projects End of Period Part 2 1.Turn in your group cards with each members responsibility and which numbered question you chose. 2.Turn in and save any information you have gathered today to the student drive (not the computer). 3.Turn in your Unit question sheets. Paper clip them together at the front table.

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23 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? Today in History : Apollo 12 lifts off, 1969 Interesting Fact?: 43.7% of all statistics are made up right on the spot. The Word: Courage - is the ability to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation. "moral courage" is the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, or discouragement. Nov 14 23

24 Sit in your assigned seat. 1.Log on to your computer. 2.STAPLE and turn in your two response logs from this past week to the back table. 3.Pick up three blank response logs. (orange) 4.Todays, due at the end of the period, response log should be about your next POTUS, LOTUS, SCOTUS, NITUS, OR NOTUS. 5.The two response logs due next FRIDAY and can be about any important event in the US or the world. Remember to have your pass signed by your 4 th period teacher if you plan on hearing from Rep. Bergquist.

25 Composting at Hazen Every day at both lunches Volunteers are needed to help students sort their trash Volunteer to get 30 minutes of community service during school! Sign up in the Career Center

26 Salvation Army The Salvation Army is looking for Bell Ringers to spread the Christmas Spirit of Giving! Your duties will include greeting customers and ringing bells at various retail locations. Come to the Career Center for more information.

27 Relay for Life There will be a school wide meeting for Relay for Life this Friday (today). Come to Ms. Ryan’s room ( 135) after school.

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29 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? Interesting Fact?: Camels have three eyelids to protect themselves from blowing sand! The Word: INTEGRITY – Consistently following moral and ethical principles, soundness of character, honesty Nov 17 29

30 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? A.Cases are accepted based on the rule of 4: In order for the Court to hear a case, 4 Justices must agree to do so. B.Denying a decision results in the lower decision being maintained and may mean any number of things: ● Case lacks a federal issue ● Party lacks standing ● Court agrees with a lower court ● Case is a “political hot potato” that the Court does not want to touch How cases reach the Supreme Court

31 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? A.Term begins on first Monday in October and continues until the end of June B.During a term, the Court sits for two weeks per month C.Cases require a Quorum of 6 D.Before oral arguments, the Justices read the attorney’s briefs and amicus curiae (“friend of the court”) briefs The Supreme Court at work

32 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? Pages Answer “REVIEWING AND USING THE LESSON” questions. Define the Following: (1-8) 1.Jurisdiction 2.Litigant 3.Writ of certiorari 4.Writ of habeas corpus 5.Landmark decisions 6.Appeal 7.Strict construction 8.Due process 9.Purview 10.Brief 11.Majority decision 12.Minority decision Judicial Branch Questions and vocabulary

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34 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? Interesting Fact?: Pinocchio is Italian for “pine head.” The Word: INTEGRITY – Consistently following moral and ethical principles, soundness of character, honesty Nov 18 34

35 Composting at Hazen Every day at both lunches Volunteers are needed to help students sort their trash Volunteer to get 30 minutes of community service during school! Sign up in the Career Center

36 Salvation Army The Salvation Army is looking for Bell Ringers to spread the Christmas Spirit of Giving! Your duties will include greeting customers and ringing bells at various retail locations. Come to the Career Center for more information.

37 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? Pages Answer “REVIEWING AND USING THE LESSON” questions. Define the Following: (1-8) 1.Jurisdiction 2.Litigant 3.Writ of certiorari 4.Writ of habeas corpus 5.Landmark decisions 6.Appeal 7.Strict construction 8.Due process 9.Purview 10.Brief 11.Majority decision 12.Minority decision Judicial Branch Questions and vocabulary

38 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? 1.Purview - the range of operation, authority, the purpose or scope of a statute. 2.Brief - a written legal document used that is presented to a court arguing why the party to the case should prevail. 3.Majority decision - The majority opinion is an explanation of the reasoning behind a decision by the Supreme Court. 4.Minority decision - A dissenting opinion in a legal case written by one or more judges expressing disagreement with the majority opinion of the court. Judicial Branch Questions and vocabulary

39 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? A.Justices hear 30 minute oral arguments from each side B.After two weeks of hearing cases, Court recesses. During the recess justices write opinions and discuss what cases they will consider in the future C.Simple majority needed for decisions. In case of ties, previous court decision stands The Supreme Court at work

40 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? Types a.Unanimous: expresses opinion of all nine Justices. ~1/3 of the cases are decided by a 9-0 vote b.Majority: expresses opinion of majority c.Dissenting: expresses opinion of minority. If the Court later overturns itself, it may draw upon a minority opinion for its reasoning d.Concurring: written by a Justice who agrees with majority’s conclusions, but for different reasons Written opinions:

41 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? 1)Communicate the Court’s reasoning to the public 2)Establish precedents for future cases— importance of stare decisis 3)Drop “hints” that Congress, the states, or the President should take certain actions Purpose of opinions

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43 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? Interesting Fact?: Facebook engineers originally wanted to call the "Like" button the "Awesome" button. The Word: INTEGRITY – Consistently following moral and ethical principles, soundness of character, honesty Nov 19 43

44 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? Supreme Court cases that fundamentally changed the way we do things and how laws are applied. Landmark Decisions

45 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? EXAMPLE: 1.Marbury v. Madison (1803) - Marbury was suing Madison to get his appointment to be a judge. Supreme Court ruled against him but said that they had the power to review laws to decide if they were Constitutional or not. Landmark Decisions

46 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? Group 1 summarize the decisions from Supreme Court Cases #2-8. Group 2 summarize the decisions from Supreme Court Cases #9-15. Group 3 summarize the decisions from Supreme Court Cases # Group 4 summarize the decisions from Supreme Court Cases # Landmark Decisions (Past Key Supreme Court Cases)

47 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? With your shoulder partner double check your responses to your section questions. Jigsaw Find partners from other groups and fill in the rest of your worksheet. Landmark Decisions (Past Key Supreme Court Cases)

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49 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? Interesting Fact?: Prairie dogs say hello with kisses. The Word: INTEGRITY – Consistently following moral and ethical principles, soundness of character, honesty Nov 20 49

50 Parent Teacher Conferences Monday 1:30 – 4:00 and 5:00 – 7:00 Class schedule Monday 1,2 and 3 (7:20-10:15) Tuesday regular full day schedule, Wednesday 4,5, and 6 (7:20-10:15) We will have Spanish and Vietnamese Interpreters at Parent Teacher conferences. Please see Mrs. Mahler in the main office as soon as possible if your parents require an interpreter.

51 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? Finish Jigsaw Find partners from other groups and fill in the rest of your worksheet. Landmark Decisions (Past Key Supreme Court Cases)

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53 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? Interesting Fact?: Dean Karnazes, an American long distance runner, ran 50 marathons in 50 states in 50 consecutive days. The Word: INTEGRITY – Consistently following moral and ethical principles, soundness of character, honesty Nov 21 53

54 Parent Teacher Conferences Monday 1:30 – 4:00 and 5:00 – 7:00 Class schedule Monday 1,2 and 3 (7:20-10:15) Tuesday regular full day schedule, Wednesday 4,5, and 6 (7:20-10:15) We will have Spanish and Vietnamese Interpreters at Parent Teacher conferences. Please see Mrs. Mahler in the main office as soon as possible if your parents require an interpreter.

55 Next week Monday - (1 st and 2 nd ) Jeopardy review for Supreme Court test. Tuesday - (1 st and 2 nd ) Supreme Court Test. (4 th ) Jeopardy review for Supreme Court test. Wednesday - (4 th ) Supreme Court Test

56 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? A.Amending the Constitution B.If a law is struck down a similar law may be passed with modifications based on a Supreme Courts decision. C.When a decision is made, it is “remanded” to a lower court to carry out the Supreme Court’s decision. The lower court will have a certain amount of leeway in doing this. D.Executive branch, or state and local governments may simply not carry it out (e.g., desegregation, school prayer) Possibility of evading Court decisions:

57 How does the Supreme Court fulfill American ideals? 1. There are no Constitutional requirements such as judicial tests. 2. Because of the power and length in office of the Supreme Court, Presidents and Congress take a special interest in selecting appointees 3. Presidents usually only nominate justices that are from their own party. 4. Senators usually vote for confirmation of a judge based their party. 5. Sometimes key issues such as abortion are used as “litmus tests” for confirmation. The Role of Politics in Selecting Judges Litmus Test - a question asked of a potential candidate for high office, the answer to which would determine whether the nominating official would proceed

58 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? Affordable Healthcare Act and the Supreme Court (2012) National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, (2014) King v. Burwell Politics and the Supreme Court

59 1.Sign out and log on to your computer. 2.STAPLE and turn in your two response logs from this past week to the back table. 3.Pick up one blank response log. (orange) 4.Todays, due at the end of the period, response log should on President Obama’s speech last night on immigration reform. 5.NO response logs are assigned as homework for next week.

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61 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? Choose a topic: 1.Religion 2.Abortion/Reproductive Rights 3.Gay/Same Sex Marriage 4.Immigration 5.Guns 6.Campaign Finance 7.Civil Rights/Discrimination (race, gender, age) 8.War on Terrorism Recent Supreme Court Decisions (since 2000)

62 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? 1.Find three news articles about three different cases related to your selected Supreme Court topic. (3 total) 2.Write down the source information of each article. (title, news organization, date, and URL) 3.Write a brief summary of each article. (key information about each case and decision) 4.Print the article you think is especially interesting or important. Recent Supreme Court Decisions (since 2000)

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64 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? Interesting Fact?: The act of snapping one's fingers is called a "fillip.“ The Word: INTEGRITY – Consistently following moral and ethical principles, soundness of character, honesty Nov 24 64

65 TEST REVIEW and BONUS STUDY GUIDE Today we will use “Jeopardy” to review for tomorrows test. BONUS STUDY GUIDE – You will receive 10 bonus points on tomorrows test if you make a study guide that includes: 20 questions and answers from todays Jeopardy review. 10 amendments and the rights they protect that you find difficult 10 previous government terms that you find difficult. You will not be able to use this study guide during the test but should be helpful in your preparation.

66 Judiciary Jeopardy To play go here: jeopardylabs.com/play/citizenship-and-the- judiciary jeopardylabs.com/play/citizenship-and-the- judiciary to edit this template, go to jeopardylabs.com/edit/citizenship- and-the-judiciaryjeopardylabs.com/edit/citizenship- and-the-judiciary Password Goofyjudicial

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68 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? Interesting Fact?: 96% of the U.S. population lives within 20 miles of a Walmart. The Word: INTEGRITY – Consistently following moral and ethical principles, soundness of character, honesty Nov 25 68

69 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? 1.Pass forward your “Bonus” Study Guide. 2.Clear your desk except for a #2 pencil. 3.Write your name and period 4.The Subject is: Supreme Court Test When you have completed the test turn it and the answer over on your desk and you can work on other assignments but DO NOT communicate with other people. DO NOT get out your cellphone. Multiple Choice Test Turn off and put away your cell phone and headphones.

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71 How has the Supreme Court affected our rights? Interesting Fact?: A lemon contains more sugar than a strawberry. The Word: INTEGRITY – Consistently following moral and ethical principles, soundness of character, honesty Nov 26 71


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