2 1. I can identify key women in the Women’s Movement. Alice PaulWomen’s suffragist
3 1. I can identify key women in the Women’s Movement. Alice PaulNational Woman’s Partyadopted more militant strategy mass pickets, parades, hunger strikeswin support of Congress/the President for amendment to US Constitutionpicketed the White Houseexample of nonviolent civil disobediencecharged with “obstruction of traffic”led a hunger strike while imprisonedforce fedefforts led to passage of Nineteenth Amendmentguaranteeing the right to vote (suffrage) for women
5 1. I can identify key women in the Women’s Movement. Margaret SangerAmerican birth control activist, sex educator, & nurseshe popularized the term birth controlopened the first birth control clinic in the United Statesestablished “Planned Parenthood”efforts contributed to:Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)a landmark case in which the SCOTUS ruled that the Constitution protected a right to privacycase involved a Connecticut law that prohibited the use of contraceptivesby a vote of 7–2, the Supreme Court invalidated the law on the grounds that it violated the "right to marital privacy"
6 1. I can identify key women in the Women’s Movement. Emma Goldmanhealth and well being of humans in general30,000,000 underfed300,000 babies “sacrificed” in US per yearwomen having a voice in decisions regarding their liveshow many children?for what purpose?under what conditions?social waroppressed/disinherited vs. capitalism/the state
7 1. I can identify key women in the Women’s Movement. Carrie Nationradical member of the temperancemovementanti-alcoholpromoted her viewpoint throughvandalismattacked the property ofalcohol-serving establishments(taverns) with a hatchetled to passage of 18th Amendmentprohibition
8 2. I can discuss achievements that resulted from the Women’s Movement. ProhibitionWomen’s Christian Temperance UnionFrancis WillardCarrie Nation18th Amendmentbanned the manufacture, transport, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beveragesrepealed by 21st Amendment – 193319th Amendment – 1920“The right of the citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.”
9 2. I can discuss achievements that resulted from the Women’s Movement. Birth controlMargaret Sangercampaigned for birth control rights in the 1910’swrote about sex education and women's healthindicted for violating the Comstock Lawsince 1873 had banned birth control devices and information on birth control devices, sexually transmitted diseases, human sexuality, and abortionopened the first birth control clinic in the United States in 1916activities had made birth control a matter of public debate
10 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s. Nadirperiod of “worst race relations” in US History/2000’sa “reaction” against progress in race relations during Reconstructionif blacks are capable (or better than whites)…… then, ideas of racial superiority are wrong!generates fear among whites …… manifested in violence (the Nadir)!
11 “The Great Migration” “The Great Retreat” 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s.“The Great Migration”“The Great Retreat”blacks migrate north b/c of:jobs in Northern citiesWWI & WWIIdestruction of cotton cropboll weevilNadirto escape racial hatred, violence, & threat of violence from KKK
12 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s. Sundown Townsall-white towns where blacks were not allowed to livecould work there but …… be out of town by sundown!violence/threat of violence to enforce (KKK)migration to northern citiesin large enough numbers…… to provide safetygrowth of “suburbia” in 1950’s leads to ……“white flight”to suburbs and restricted covenants!
18 How do you interpret the expressions of onlookers? The lynching of Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, a large gathering of lynchers. August 7, 1930, Marion, Indiana.1,000’s of copies sold for 50 cents a piece.How do you interpret the expressions of onlookers?
19 "Well John - This is a token of a great day we had in Dallas, March 3, a negro was hung for an assault on a three year old girl. I saw this on my noon hour. I was very much in the bunch. You can see the negro hanging on a telephone pole. "
20 Charred corpse of Jesse Washington suspended from utility pole Charred corpse of Jesse Washington suspended from utility pole. May 16, 1916, Robinson, Texas.The boy was beaten and dragged to the suspension bridge spanning the Brazos River. Thousands roared, "Burn him!" Bonfire preparations were already under way in the public square, where Washington was beaten with shovels and bricks. Fifteen thousand men, women, and children packed the square. They climbed up poles and onto the tops of cars, hung from windows, and sat on each other's shoulders. Children were lifted by their parents into the air. Washington was castrated, and his ears were cut off. A tree supported the iron chain that lifted him above the fire of boxes and sticks. Wailing, the boy attempted to climb the skillet-hot chain. For this the men cut off his fingers. The executioners repeatedly lowered the boy into the flames and hoisted him out again. With each repetition, a mighty shout was raised.
21 The lynching of Leo Frank. August 17, 1915, Marietta, Georgia. Postcards of the lynched Leo Frank were sold outside the undertaking establishment where his corpse was taken, at retail stores, and by mail order for years. The owner of the property where the lynching occurred refused repeated offers to buy the tree from which Leo Frank was hung. The dean of the Atlanta Theological Seminary praised the murderers as "a sifted band of men, sober, intelligent, of established good name and character - good American citizens." The mob included two former Superior Court justices, one ex-sheriff, and at least one clergyman.
22 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s. The lynching of Laura Nelson and her son, several dozen onlookers. May 25, 1911, Okemah, Oklahoma.
23 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s. Lynching scene. Commercial Avenue jammed with spectators below the electrically lit Hustler's Arch. November 11, 1909, Cairo, Illinois.
24 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s. The lynching of Lige Daniels. Onlookers, including young boys. August 3, 1920, Center, Texas.
25 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s. The lynching of Rubin Stacy. Onlookers, including four young girls. July 19, 1935, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
26 "I bought this in Hopkinsville 15¢ each. They are not on sale openly "I bought this in Hopkinsville 15¢ each. They are not on sale openly. I forgot to send it until just now I ran across it. I read an account of the night riders affairs where it says these men were hung without any apparent cause or reason whatever. A law was passed forbidding these to be sent thru the mail or to be sold anymore."Lynching's reported in the northern and foreign presses were damaging to southern political and economic interests. The author of the above message documented one of the earliest efforts by local or state governments to contain the damage done to its public image by outlawing the sale and distribution of lynching images. This inscription is dated only a few months after the May 27, 1908, amendment to U. S. Postal laws and Regulations forbidding the mailing of "matter of a character tending to incite arson, murder or assassination."
27 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s. Southern trees bear a strange fruit, Blood on the leaves and blood at the root, Black bodies swinging in the Southern breeze, Strange fruit hanging from the poplar treesPastoral scene of the gallant south the bulging eyes and the twisted mouth scent of magnolia sweet and fresh then the sudden smell of burning fleshHere is a fruit for the crows to pluck for the rain to gather for the wind to suck for the sun to rot for the tree to drop Here is a strange and bitter crop"Strange Fruit"Among artistic works that grappled with lynching was the song “Strange Fruit“written as a poem by Abel Meeropol in 1939recorded by Billie Holiday
28 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s. evidence of entrenched racism in societynationwide, not just in the Southreflects retaliation for abolishing slaveryreinforces the idea of racial superiorityexhibits extreme ethnocentrismproving how much better whites were than blacksprovided a warning to others to “keep their place”reveals undemocratic nature of society as those in power exert their will against perceived lesser groupsreveals common hatred based on ignorance and fear
29 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s. demonstrates hate-saturated mob mentality of vigilante justiceanger, fear, ignorance being manifestedprovided a cruel form of entertainmentwitnessing others perceived as inferior sufferseemed “pleasantly overcome” with common occurrencedesire to “hold on” to their values and pass them on to their childrenreflects threat to whites of newly acquired rights for blacks
30 3. I can analyze the change in race relations from the end of Reconstruction through the 1920’s. demonstrates how government lost control of their peopleout of touch with their main dutyprotecting the rights of all peopleutilized lynching’s to “scare” blacks into submissivenessblacks possessed monetary value as slaves but once freed,viewed as worthless and their lives held no value to angry whitesdemonstrates intolerance of differencesreveals “nativist” nature of society as immigrants and Jews also victimizedsympathetic whites seen as “traitors” also
31 4. I can describe the Harlem Renaissance. A literary and artistic flowering of African-American culture emanating from the Harlem section of New York Cityby 1930, 20% of African American’s live in north200,000 in Harlem section of New Yorkfamous for talented actors, artists, musicians
39 4. I can describe the Harlem Renaissance. Countee CullenPoet“Incident”“Once riding in old BaltimoreHeart-filled, head-filled with glee,I saw a BaltimoreanKeep looking straight at meNow I was eight and very smallAnd he was no whit bigger,And so I smiled, but he poked outHis tongue and called me, “Nigger.”I saw the whole of BaltimoreFrom May until December;Of all the things that happened thereThat’s all that I remember.”
40 4. I can describe the Harlem Renaissance. Countee CullenPoet“For A Lady I Know”“She even thinks that up in heavenHer class lies late and snoresWhile poor black cherubs rise at sevenTo do celestial chores.”
41 4. I can describe the Harlem Renaissance. Langston Hughesan American poet, social activist,novelist, playwright, and columnist“I, Too, Sing America.I am the darker brother.They send me to eat in the kitchenWhen company comes,But I laugh, and eat well,And grow strong.Tomorrow, I’ll be at the tableWhen company comes.Nobody’ll dare say to me,“Eat in the kitchen,” then.Besides, they’ll see how beautiful I amAnd be ashamed-I, too, am America.”
42 4. I can describe the Harlem Renaissance. Langston Hughes“Cross”My old man’s a white manAnd my old mother’s black.If ever I cursed my old white manI take my curses back.If ever I cursed my old black motherAnd wished she were in hell,I’m sorry for that evil wishAnd now I wish her well.My old man died in a fine big house.My ma died in a shack.I wonder where I’m gonna die,Being neither white nor black?
43 4. I can describe the Harlem Renaissance. Claude McKayIf We Must DieIf we must die, let it not be like hogsHunted and penned in an inglorious spot,While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,Making their mock at our accursed lot.If we must die, O let us nobly die,So that our precious blood may not be shedIn vain; then even the monsters we defyShall be constrained to honor us though deadO kinsman! We must meet the common foe!Though far outnumbered let us show us brave,And for their thousand blows deal one death blow!What though before us lies the open grave?Like men we’ll face the murderous, cowardly pack,Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting back!
44 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. A New Culture1920 census:more people in cities than rural areascity life: popular tastes, morals, mass consumption, at odds with …strict moral/religious codes of rural America
45 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. Gender Roles, Family, and Education“flapper”were a "new breed" of young women in the 1920s who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behaviorflappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking, treating sex in a casual manner, smoking, driving automobiles, and otherwise flouting social and sexual norm
47 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. ReligionModernisminfluenced by:changing role of women, Social Gospel, scientific mgmtemphasized historic/critical view of religion, bibleaccepted Darwin’s theories w/o abandoning faithFundamentalismProtestant preachers in rural areascondemned modernistsbible must be taken literallycreation as explained in Genesisblamed liberal views of modernists as causing decline in morals!
48 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. Scopes Monkey Trial – 1925The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas ScopesJohn Scopesaccused of violating Tennessee's Butler Actmade it unlawful to teach evolution in any state-funded schoolprosecuted by Tom StewartWilliam Jennings Bryan called as bible expertdefended by Clarence Darrowfound guiltyfined $100overturned on a technicalityButler Act remained until May 18, 1967, when it was repealed by the Tennessee legislature
49 William Jennings Bryan Clarence DarrowJohn T. Scopes
51 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. Popular heroesboxing – Jack Dempsey, Gene TunneyThe “long count fight” 1927150,000 spectators in Soldier Field50 million radio listeners
52 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. Popular heroesswimming - Gertrude Ederleswam English Channel"People said women couldn'tswim the Channel, but I provedthey could."
53 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. Popular heroesfootballJim Thorpean American athlete of mixed ancestryNative American and Caucasianvery versatilewon Olympic gold medals for the 1912pentathlon and decathlonplayed American footballalso played professional baseballand basketball
54 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. Popular heroesfootballKnute Rockneled his "Fighting Irish" to 105 victories, 12 losses, five tiesthree national championshipsfive undefeated seasons without a tie
55 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. Popular heroesbaseballBabe Ruthone of the baseball’s mostprolific hittersset career recordsfor home runs(714 since brokenfirst player to hit 60 homeruns in one season
56 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. Popular heroesgolfBobby Jonesan American amateur golferlawyer by professionwon the "Grand Slam“most successful amateur golferretired at age 28"It (championship golf) is something like a cage. First you are expected to get into it and then you are expected to stay there. But of course, nobody can stay there."
57 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. Popular heroesflyingCharles Lindberghsolo flight across Atlantic Ocean, Spirit of St. Louis3,600 miles, 1927
58 5. I can describe the lifestyle of the 1920’s. ProhibitionEighteenth Amendmentinspired by wartime saving of grain/sober work forceprohibits sale, manufacture, transportation of alcoholic beveragesVolstead Actlaw enforcing prohibitiondefying the lawfashionable in citiesspeakeasies, bootleggers, smuggled from Canadaorganized crimeAl Caponemillions in profits lead to prostitution, gambling, narcotics
59 6. I can analyze the causes of the Great Depression. Causes of the Crash/Great Depressionuneven distribution of incomewages not keep pace w/ increased productivity/corp. profitstop 5% receive 33% of incomepoorest 40% receive 10% of incometop 1% income rose 75%American’s as a whole rose 9%most American’s not participate fully in economic advances of 1920’smany have not enough money to buy consumer itemsstock market speculation“get rich quick” fever pervades“buying on margin”borrow most of price of stockdown payment as low as 10%
60 6. I can analyze the causes of the Great Depression. Causes of the Crash/Depressionexcessive use of creditbelief that boom was permanentinstallment buying“a dollar down and a dollar forever”modern advertising stimulated desire for:appliancescarsoverproduction of consumer goodsincreased productivity/use of credit spur volume of goodsstagnant wages not allow purchaseweak farm economyprosperity never reach farmerssuffer from overproduction, high debt, low pricessevere weather, long drought, etc… add to difficultiesDust Bowl
61 6. I can analyze the causes of the Great Depression. Causes of the Crash/Depressiongovernment policiesgovernment faith in businessno control/regulationlaissez fairehigh tariffsprotect industrieshurt farmers, international tradeglobal economic problemsinterdependence of nationsdue to industrial revolution, manufacturing, tradeU.S. insists on loan repaymentraises tariffs!Dawes Plan loans (inspired by greed) suspended after stock market collapse!!
62 10. I can explain the purpose of the New Deal. Franklin D. Rooseveltprogram to alleviate problems of the Great Depression3 R’srelief for the needyeconomic recoveryfinancial reform
63 10. I can explain the purpose of the New Deal. relief for the needysoup kitchensbread lines
65 10. I can explain the purpose of the New Deal. economic recoverypublic works projectsCivilian Conservation Corpstrees, lakes, parks, …Public Works Administrationroads, bridges, courthousesWorks Progress Administrationhospitals, libraries, schools,make-work projects?
66 10. I can explain the purpose of the New Deal. financial reformGlass-Steagall Actprohibited banks from “speculative” lending practicescreated Federal Deposit Insurance Corporationinsures bank deposits$5,000 then; $250,000 todaySecurities and Exchange Commissionregulated stock marketbanned “buying on margin” & “insider trading”speculation
67 10. I can explain the ways in which the New Deal impacted society. Expanded power of federal governmentinfusion of millions of dollars into the economycreation of federal jobsincreasing supply and demandparticipating in solving labor disputesDeficit spendingspending more money than the government receives in revenuepublic works projectsroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, courthouses, etc …defense spendingCold War, Korean Conflict, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, etc…
68 10. I can explain the ways in which the New Deal impacted society. Social Securityold-age insuranceretirees age 65 or older and their spousessupplemental to private retirement planfunded through employer and employee contributionsexcluded: domestic servants, farm workers, hospital & restaurant workers, teachers (today)unemployment compensationfunded through a tax on employersadministered through the statesaid to families with dependent children and the disabledaid to the blind, crippled, needy elderly, dependent mothers and children