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FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE FIGURING IT OUT. FIGURATIVE AND LITERAL LANGUAGE Literally: words function exactly as defined The car is blue. He caught the football.

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Presentation on theme: "FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE FIGURING IT OUT. FIGURATIVE AND LITERAL LANGUAGE Literally: words function exactly as defined The car is blue. He caught the football."— Presentation transcript:

1 FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE FIGURING IT OUT

2 FIGURATIVE AND LITERAL LANGUAGE Literally: words function exactly as defined The car is blue. He caught the football. Figuratively: figure out what it means I ’ ve got your back. It’s raining cats and dogs.

3 SIMILE Comparison of two things using “ like ” or “ as. ” Examples: The metal twisted like a pretzel. She is as sweet as candy. He eats like a pig.

4 IMPORTANT! Using “ like ” or “ as ” doesn ’ t make a simile. A comparison must be made. Not a Simile: I like pizza. Simile: The moon is like a pizza.

5 METAPHOR Two things are compared without using “ like ” or “ as. ” Examples: All the world is a stage. My brother is a pig. She has a stone heart.

6 PERSONIFICATION Giving human traits to objects or ideas. Examples: The sunlight danced. Water on the lake shivers. The streets are calling me.

7 HYPERBOLE Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. Examples: This class is taking forever. My house is a million miles from here. She ’ d kill me.

8 UNDERSTATEMENT Making something seem smaller or less significant. The opposite of hyperbole. EXAMPLES: I ’ ll be there in one second. I kind of forgot my homework. This won’t hurt a bit.

9 QUIZ On a separate sheet of paper… 1.Write your NAME and CLASS (i.e. 6A) 2.I will give an example. 3.You will write what type of figurative language it is. (i.e. simile) *Spelling counts. 4. You MAY use your notes.

10 1 He drew a line as straight as an arrow. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

11 2 Knowledge is a kingdom and all who learn are kings and queens. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

12 3 Can I see you for a second? Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

13 4 The sun was beating down on me. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

14 5 The flag flies like a kite in the sky. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

15 6 I'd rather take baths with a man-eating shark, or wrestle a lion alone in the dark, eat spinach and liver, pet ten porcupines, than tackle the homework, my teacher assigns. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

16 7 Ravenous and savage from its long polar journey, the North Wind is searching for food— Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

17 8 The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

18 9 Can I have one of your chips? Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

19 10 In a house the size of a postage stamp lived a man as big as a barge. His mouth could drink the entire river You could say it was rather large For dinner he would eat a trillion beans And a silo full of grain, Washed it down with a tanker of milk As if he were a drain. Is it… simile metaphor personification hyperbole understatement

20 LET’S REVIEW Correct any answers you got wrong.

21 1 He drew a line as straight as an arrow. It is… simile Define

22 2 Knowledge is a kingdom and all who learn are kings and queens. It is… metaphor Define

23 3 Can I see you for a second? It is… understatement Define

24 4 The sun was beating down on me. It is… personification Define

25 5 The flag flies like a kite in the sky. It is… simile Define

26 6 I'd rather take baths with a man-eating shark, or wrestle a lion alone in the dark, eat spinach and liver, pet ten porcupines, than tackle the homework, my teacher assigns. It is… hyperbole Define

27 7 Ravenous and savage from its long polar journey, the North Wind is searching for food— It is… personification Define

28 8 The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. It is… metaphor Define

29 9 Can I have one of your chips? It is… understatement Define

30 10 In a house the size of a postage stamp lived a man as big as a barge. His mouth could drink the entire river You could say it was rather large For dinner he would eat a trillion beans And a silo full of grain, Washed it down with a tanker of milk As if he were a drain. It is… hyperbole Define

31 PRACTICE ACTIVITY With a partner, you will create two of each of the five types of figurative language. * You will be sharing one of each with the class. * They can be phrases you have heard before, but they can’t be ones we used as examples when we were learning about them.

32 REMINDERS Simile: Comparison using “like” or “as” Metaphor: Comparison WITHOUT “like” or “as” Personification: Giving human traits to objects or ideas. Hyperbole: Using exaggeration to express strong emotion. Understatement: Making something seem smaller or less significant. (Opposite of Hyperbole.)


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