Presentation on theme: "Operation Barbarossa, Stalingrad and Leningrad"— Presentation transcript:
1Operation Barbarossa, Stalingrad and Leningrad Ryan Pitney, Ranjan Mithal, Alex Fleming, Sidney Hershey, Sanket KattaOperation Barbarossa, Stalingrad and Leningrad
2The Short Version Hitler forgot to pack a winter coat. Paulus: “Mein Führer, maybe this wasn’t a good idea.”Hitler: “You’ll be fine, ja!”
3The Long Version (Thesis) Hitler’s pride in capturing Stalingrad was the reason he would lose it. When the Russian armies surrounded the city, he refused to allow his commander to retreat and concede ground to the Soviets, leading to the surrender of Nazi forces inside the city. This broke the momentum of Operation Barbarossa and created a turning point in the war that allowed the Russians to break through and continue their advance to Berlin, which led to an eventual Nazi defeat.
5Axis Leaders Erich von Manstein “Perhaps the most talented German field commanderin World War 2”Commanded the 56th Panzer CorpsNearly captured LeningradFriedrich PaulusThe army he commanded attacked StalingradAsked Hitler to let them retreat when Nazis were losingSurrendered January 31st, 1943
6More Axis Leaders Carl Gustaf Mannerheim President of Finland Commander-in-Chief during Winter WarJoined the Nazis to get back land from RussiaGerd von RundstedtHeld commands on both Eastern and Western FrontsLed the breakthrough that sealed France’s fateOne of the most able officers of GermanyCommanded the German southern wingWilhelm von LeebArmy group played a major part in defeating defenders in the Maginot linePrimary task was Leningrad
7Don’t let them near your children. (Pitney Moses…) Carl Gustaf MannerheimGerd von RundstedtWilhelm von Leeb
8Allied Leaders Semyon Timoshenko Georgy Zhukov Modernized Russian army Fought German forces at LeningradGeorgy ZhukovSaved Moscow in Barbarossa‘Destroyed’ the German forces at Stalingrad
11Operation Barbarossa Codename for the Nazi Invasion of Soviet Russia. Commenced on June 22, 1941Poor planning of the invasion was the biggest factor in Nazi defeat, i.e, winter.
12Operation Barbarossa (contd.) Went against the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact3.6 million Axis troops were mobilized.
13Timeline Jun. 22, 1941: Operation Barbarossa begins. Axis forces divided in 3Jul. 3, 1941: Stalin orders a Scorched Earth.Jul. 17, 1941: 300,000 Russian troops near Smolensk are captured.Sep. 5, 1941: 4 Russian Armies are trapped in Kiev.Sep. 7, 1941: Russia withdraws from Kiev.Sep. 8, 1941: Leningrad encircled, siege begins.Sep. 26, 1941: “Operation Typhoon,” capture of Moscow.Oct. 23, 1941: Fins invade Russia on the side of the Nazis, but stopped after 15 days.Dec. 5, 1941: Russian counterattack launched.Dec. 9, 1941: First supplies enter Leningrad.May 15, 1942: Russians give up front in Crimea.Jun. 30, 1942: After 1 month of fighting, Sebastopol falls to the Germans.Aug. 19, 1942: Germans begin assaulting Stalingrad.Oct. 4, 1942: Fourth German assault.Oct. 14, 1942: Hitler orders a defensive stance on the Russian Front.Early Nov. 1942: Preparations for Plan UranusNov. 19, 1942: Russians begin to retake StalingradNov. 23, 1942: Russians surround 330,000 German troops.Jan, 31, 1943: Field Marshal Paulus and the German VI Army surrender.
17The Siege of Leningrad The 900 day siege Began Sept , until Jan. 27, 1944German forces encircled the city, cutting off communications and supplies, along with artillery and air bombardment.
18Leningrad cont. City had no heat, water, or food. Russia only had “ice and water road” for supplies until January 1943Siege ended January 27, 1944 when approaching Soviet forces caused a German retreat.
20Statistics: Leningrad During December of 1941 over 52,000 had died.According to city resources, starvation and cold accounted for an average of 1,600 deaths per day.The official death toll for the siege in it’s entirety is approximately 632,000 casualties.Some historians argue that the death toll is closer to 1 million.
21The Turning Point(it was Stalingrad)“I’m FABULOUS!”
22Statistics: Stalingrad Russian army led by Zhukov1,000,500 men13,541 artillery guns894 tanks1,115 planesGermans led by Paulus1,011,500 men10,290 artillery guns675 tanks1,216 planes
23Battle of Stalingrad Sept 1, 1942 - Feb 2, 1943 Germans condemned it as the Rat WarCited as first major Nazi loss and one of the turning points in favor for the alliesThe battle for the city descended into one of the bloodiest battles in WWIIIndividual streets were fought over hand to hand combat
24More Stalingrad Neither side wanted to surrender Hitler because he didn’t want to give up landStalin because it was called StalingradZhukov surrounds the city with a million soldiersPaulus has an opportunity to escape, asks HitlerHitler says ‘no shut up’Promotes Paulus to Field Marshal to encourage himGermans fail, Russia wins the battlePaulus forced to surrenderHitler angry, demotes him
25Effects of Stalingrad Major moral loss for Germany Entire army group lost with 91,000 Germans prisonerLarge loss of equipment and manpowerDidn’t allow them to fight back against the Russian advance that followed.
27Works Cited"Operation Barbarossa: The Biggest Military Adventure in History." Mental Floss. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 MarOperation Barbarossa.” WW2DB RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2015"Necrometrics." Twentieth Century Atlas. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar"Siege of Leningrad." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Mar"TED Case Studies." TED Case Study: Lake Ladoga Water Quality. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar"Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar"Operation Barbarossa." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 13 Mar"Operation Barbarossa | European History." EncyclopediaBritannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 16 MarUnited States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 20 June Web. 17 Mar"Operation Barbarossa:." Operation Barbarossa:. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar"Battle of Stalingrad Timeline." Battle of Stalingrad Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web."Von Paulus to Hitler: Let Us Surrender!" History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 17 Mar"Erich Von Manstein | Biography - German General." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 17 Mar"Friedrich Paulus | Biography - German Military Officer." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 17 Mar