Presentation on theme: "2013 January 22 一 Bell Ringer Get a worksheet from the front table. The worksheet has been three-hole punched so that you can put it into your notes when."— Presentation transcript:
2013 January 22 一 Bell Ringer Get a worksheet from the front table. The worksheet has been three-hole punched so that you can put it into your notes when class is over. You are being timed. The timer officially starts when the bell rings. The timer will be stopped when everyone has the worksheet at his or her desk and is sitting quietly. It is possible to have a time of 0:00.0 today.
Who Rules? Paper Pick Up st period 0:24.9-: nd period 0:25.4-: th period 0:00.0-: th period 0:17.1-: th period 0:22.4-:--.-
Who Rules? Forms of Government 二 Who Rules? Underline Notes
Oops! Mr. Deutsch forgot to mention two government types. Please write ‘presidential’ and ‘parliamentary’ here.
Forms of Government When people decide to form the social contracts that we call governments, they make many different decisions about how their government will look. President or King? Rule by few or rule by all? Hold elections? Where do the rulers get their power?
Democracy Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives. There are two kinds of Democracies … Direct! Representative!
Direct Democracy All citizens participate in government. All citizens can create public policy if they want to. Example: In ancient Athens, Greece, they held assemblies where citizens voted to pass laws. There are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything!
Representative Democracy Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in government People elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizens Representatives answer to the people through regular elections Representatives are also usually held accountable by a constitution
Fill in the blanks* to review DEMOCRACY ! * → On your worksheet, underline the word that fits in each blank.
The two forms of democracy are __________ and ___________________. direct representative
In a democracy, all __________ participate in government. citizens
All citizens vote on everything in a ______________________. direct democracy
In a direct democracy, there are no ________________ in the government. representatives
In a representative democracy, the representatives answer to the people through elections at ______________________. regular intervals
Now that we’ve talked about DIRECT DEMOCRACY! And REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY! we can move on to forms of government where only one person is in control…
Autocracy A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc. We’re going to talk about two kinds of autocracy … Monarchs! Dictators!
Monarchy Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS! Leaders usually gain their power because their parents were rulers too. Some modern monarchies like Spain and Japan have constitutions.
Dictatorship In a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political) Dictators have absolute control over the lives of their citizens and usually people are not allowed to voice their negative opinions North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un is considered a dictator
What else? We’ve talked about DEMOCRACIES… Democracy is… rule by the people!
What else? … and AUTOCRACIES… Autocracy is… … rule by one!
… but what other forms of government are there? What else? What if, instead of everyone or just one person, a few people got together to rule a nation? Rule by Few!
Oligarchy “Rule by few” “Rule by few” Power can be based on several things: Military strength = Military Junta Military strength = Military Junta Family power = Aristocracy Family power = Aristocracy Religious control = Theocratic Oligarchy Religious control = Theocratic Oligarchy Oligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government (like autocracies)
Theocracy “Theo” means “god” in Greek… so if a government is THEO-cratic that means it is ruled by… That’s right! A god or higher power! Leaders ( autocratic or oligarchic ) are usually religious leaders and society uses religious law to settle its disputes Example: The Islamic Republic of Iran is a modern theocracy that uses the holy Islamic book, The Qur’an, as its guide.
Anarchy No government at all… WAIT ! Then who makes and enforces laws?
Anarchy No government at all… In an anarchy there is no government to make or enforce laws. What do you think that would be like?
Wow! There are so many forms of government! And remember there are also combinations… What is government ruled by GOD and a FEW people called?
WHEW! We had better review… Time for some “A or B!”* * → On your paper, underline the answer.
Democracy AB exercised by all citizens exercised by no citizens
Direct Democracy AB represent the will of the people people directly control
Representative Democracy AB citizens can take initiative to create public policy people elect leaders
Autocracy AB power is controlled by one power is controlled by a few
Monarchy AB elected to be king or queen parents were rulers
Dictatorship AB always protects freedom of speech has absolute power
Oligarchy AB rule by the rich rule by the few
Theocracy AB rule by god or higher power rule by Theodore (aka Ted)
Anarchy AB no one has to follow the laws no one is in charge
Now, review your chart along with your teacher!
The Rules of Ruling As a class, fill out the chart on the back of the sheet. In five minutes, we will confirm the answers on the board. 三 The Rules of Ruling
四 Compare, Contrast, and Characteristics Get a worksheet from the wooden back table and complete the Compare and Contrast section as well as the Characteristics section. You may work with one partner on this activity.
Oops! Mr. Deutsch forgot to mention two government types. Please write ‘presidential’ and ‘parliamentary’ here. PvPPvP
presidential: executive leader is president executive is separate from legislative branch parliamentary: executive leader is prime minister executive is part of legislative branch, helps make laws
五 Magic Square, Your Opinion The back side of your worksheet is home prep. It will be due tomorrow when class begins. If we have time now, you may work on it.