Presentation on theme: "2013 January 22 一 Bell Ringer Get a worksheet from the front table."— Presentation transcript:
12013 January 22 一 Bell Ringer Get a worksheet from the front table. The worksheet has been three-hole punched so that you can put it into your notes when class is over.You are being timed.The timer officially starts when the bell rings.The timer will be stopped when everyonehas the worksheet at his or her deskand is sitting quietly.It is possible to have a time of 0:00.0 today.
20:24.9 -:--.- 0:25.4 0:00.0 0:17.1 0:22.4 1st period 2nd period Who Rules?Paper Pick Up---1st period0:24.9-:--.-2nd period0:25.44th period0:00.05th period0:17.16th period0:22.4
4Oops!Mr. Deutsch forgot to mention two government types. Please write ‘presidential’ and ‘parliamentary’ here.
5Forms of Government President or King? When people decide to form the social contracts that we call governments, they make many different decisions about how their government will look.President or King?Rule by few or rule by all?Hold elections?Where do the rulers get their power?
6DemocracyAny form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives. There are two kinds of Democracies…Direct!Representative!
7Direct Democracy All citizens participate in government. There are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything!All citizens can create public policy if they want to.Example: In ancient Athens, Greece, they held assemblies where citizens voted to pass laws.
8Representative Democracy Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in governmentPeople elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizensRepresentatives answer to the people through regular electionsRepresentatives are also usually held accountable by a constitution
9Fill in the blanks* to review DEMOCRACY! * → On your worksheet,underline the word that fits in each blank.
10The two forms of democracy are __________ and ___________________. directrepresentative
11In a democracy, all __________ participate in government. citizens
12All citizens vote on everything in a ______________________. direct democracy
13In a direct democracy, there are no ________________ in the government. representatives
14In a representative democracy, the representatives answer to the people through elections at ______________________.regular intervals
15REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY! Now that we’ve talked aboutDIRECT DEMOCRACY!AndREPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY!we can move on to forms of government where only one person is in control…
16AutocracyA form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc. We’re going to talk about two kinds of autocracy…Monarchs!Dictators!
17MonarchyRule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!Leaders usually gain their power because their parents were rulers too.Some modern monarchies like Spain and Japan have constitutions.
18DictatorshipIn a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political)Dictators have absolute control over the lives of their citizens and usually people are not allowed to voice their negative opinionsNorth Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un is considered a dictator
19We’ve talked about DEMOCRACIES… What else?We’ve talked about DEMOCRACIES…Democracy is…rule by the people!
20What else?… and AUTOCRACIES…Autocracy is…… rule by one!
21… but what other forms of government are there? What else?… but what other forms of government are there?What if, instead of everyone or just one person, a few people got together to rule a nation?Rule by Few!
22Oligarchy “Rule by few” Power can be based on several things: Military strength = Military JuntaFamily power = AristocracyReligious control = Theocratic OligarchyOligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government (like autocracies)
23Theocracy“Theo” means “god” in Greek… so if a government is THEO-cratic that means it is ruled by… That’s right! A god or higher power!Leaders (autocratic or oligarchic) are usually religious leaders and society uses religious law to settle its disputesExample: The Islamic Republic of Iran is a modern theocracy that uses the holy Islamic book, The Qur’an, as its guide.
24Then who makes and enforces laws? AnarchyNo government at all…WAIT!Then who makes and enforces laws?
25What do you think that would be like? AnarchyNo government at all…In an anarchy there is no government to make or enforce laws.What do you think that would be like?
26There are so many forms of government! Wow!There are so many forms of government!And remember there are also combinations…What is government ruled by GOD and a FEW people called?
27WHEW! Time for some “A or B!”* We had better review… * → On your paper, underline the answer.
28DemocracyABexercised by all citizensexercised by no citizens
29represent the will of the people people directly control Direct DemocracyABrepresent the will of the peoplepeople directly control
30Representative Democracy Bcitizens can take initiative to create public policypeople elect leaders
31AutocracyABpower is controlled by onepower is controlled by a few
32elected to be king or queen MonarchyABelected to be king or queenparents were rulers
33always protects freedom of speech DictatorshipABalways protects freedom of speechhas absolute power
40四 Compare, Contrast, and Characteristics Get a worksheet from the wooden back table and complete the Compare and Contrast section as well as the Characteristics section.You may work with one partner on this activity.
41Oops!Mr. Deutsch forgot to mention two government types. Please write ‘presidential’ and ‘parliamentary’ here. PvP
42presidential:executive leader is presidentexecutive is separate from legislative branchparliamentary:executive leader is prime ministerexecutive is part of legislative branch, helps make laws
43五 Magic Square, Your Opinion The back side of your worksheet is home prep.It will be due tomorrow when class begins. If we have time now, you may work on it.