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Use of electronic resources International Relations and Area Studies.

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Presentation on theme: "Use of electronic resources International Relations and Area Studies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Use of electronic resources International Relations and Area Studies

2 Why this attempt? Market research shows important move to electronic resources Market research shows important move to electronic resources We are asked to deliver ‘virtual’ We are asked to deliver ‘virtual’ This is not always without difficulties This is not always without difficulties Our aim is to share experience Our aim is to share experience

3 "10 Reasons Why the Internet Is No Substitute for a Library." 1. Not Everything Is on the Internet 2. The Needle (Your Search) in the Haystack (the Web) 3. Quality Control Doesn’t Exist 4. What You Don’t Know Really Does Hurt You 5. States Can Now Buy One Book and Distribute to Every Library on the Web-NOT 6. Hey, Bud, You Forgot about E-book Readers 7. Aren’t There Library-less Universities Now? 8. But a Virtual State Library Would Do It, Right? 9. The Internet: A Mile Wide, an Inch (or Less) Deep 10. The Internet Is Ubiquitous but Books Are Portable (article originally appeared in American Libraries, April 2001, p. 76–78.) By Mark Y. Herring Dean of library services Dacus Library Winthrop University Rock Hill, South Carolina

4 Not Everything Is on the Internet, Quality Control Does not exist Only about 8%* of all journals were available on web in 2000; It’s improving: sample of Swetswise (from titles 8486 are on- line in ftxt) Only about 8%* of all journals were available on web in 2000; It’s improving: sample of Swetswise (from titles 8486 are on- line in ftxt) very few substantive materials are on the Internet for free very few substantive materials are on the Internet for free Access to some journals is very expensive Access to some journals is very expensive Anyone can put on Internet anything Anyone can put on Internet anything Qs to look at: What is the share of electronic resources in your library? What is the share of electronic resources in your library? Can you provide a list of titles you access? Can you provide a list of titles you access? Are they free or paid subscriptions? Are they free or paid subscriptions? Is your institute publishing an on line journal/service? Is your institute publishing an on line journal/service? Would you be willing to present your service functionalities? Would you be willing to present your service functionalities? (Source Year: 2000)

5 The Needle (Your Search) in the Haystack (the Web) e-resources advantage is searchability but the result is not always satisfactory esp. with Internet which is like a library without catalog. e-resources advantage is searchability but the result is not always satisfactory esp. with Internet which is like a library without catalog. Qs to look at: Use of metadata, taxonomies, updates, methods of searching of deep Internet Use of metadata, taxonomies, updates, methods of searching of deep Internet Share good hints for searching the reliable services you know with colleagues – maybe in EINIRAS chat room? Share good hints for searching the reliable services you know with colleagues – maybe in EINIRAS chat room? Value of commercial services Value of commercial services

6 What You Don’t Know Really Does Hurt You Full-text sites aren’t always full, and articles are often missing important parts Full-text sites aren’t always full, and articles are often missing important parts Qs to look at: Efficient document delivery service linked to EDN? Efficient document delivery service linked to EDN? Archiving of electronic objects Archiving of electronic objects Systems for e-serials management Systems for e-serials management

7 The Internet: A Mile Wide, an Inch (or Less) Deep - DEEP WEB Search engines (such as Google or Northern Light) index about 16% of the surface Web. Internet searchers are therefore searching only 0.03% — or one in 3,000 — of the pages available to them today. Simultaneous searching of multiple surface and deep Web sources is necessary when comprehensive information retrieval is needed. Search engines (such as Google or Northern Light) index about 16% of the surface Web. Internet searchers are therefore searching only 0.03% — or one in 3,000 — of the pages available to them today. Simultaneous searching of multiple surface and deep Web sources is necessary when comprehensive information retrieval is needed. (Interesting reading: Q to look at: Share efficient search techniques

8 States Can Now Buy One Book and Distribute to Every Library on the Web—NOT! Since 1970 about 50,000 academic titles have been published every year. Only few of them are available on web Since 1970 about 50,000 academic titles have been published every year. Only few of them are available on web Not much on the I. is more than 15 years old. Only about 20,000 titles published before Reason: copyright Not much on the I. is more than 15 years old. Only about 20,000 titles published before Reason: copyright Vendors delivering e-books sometimes allow only one digitized copy per library. If you check out an e-book over the Web, I can’t have it until you return it. Vendors delivering e-books sometimes allow only one digitized copy per library. If you check out an e-book over the Web, I can’t have it until you return it. Q of interest: Open Access, archiving, copyright, archiving & library systems for e-material

9 Aren’t There Library-less Universities Now? But a Virtual State Library Would Do It, Right? California Polytechnic State University explored the possibility of a virtual (fully electronic) library for two years. Their solution was a $42-million traditional library with a strong electronic component. California Polytechnic State University explored the possibility of a virtual (fully electronic) library for two years. Their solution was a $42-million traditional library with a strong electronic component. Digitizing everything is extremely costly Digitizing everything is extremely costly Power supply must be always available (candle does not help) Power supply must be always available (candle does not help) Qs of interest: Digitising, Archiving, backup systems, disaster prevention? COPYRIGT

10 The Internet Is Ubiquitous but Books Are Portable The Internet exists everywhere at the same time The Internet exists everywhere at the same time Humans have 1,000 years of reading print in the bloodstream Humans have 1,000 years of reading print in the bloodstream The Web is great, but it’s not substitute for a full- service library. The Web is great, but it’s not substitute for a full- service library. The Web is a very valuable tool to be used by libraries. The Web is a very valuable tool to be used by libraries. Q for EINIRAS : Digitisation of resources, shared access to information where possible (availability of publications on Einiras website); Digitisation of resources, shared access to information where possible (availability of publications on Einiras website); How to deliver effectively and efficiently How to deliver effectively and efficiently

11 Move to specific: How are the e-resources delivered? Individual objects via Internet or IT support(e-book,e-journal…) Individual objects via Internet or IT support(e-book,e-journal…) Searchable databases Searchable databases Side effect: if one provider cannot assure your need your search interfaces are multiplying Q of interest: how to make the search and use easier for user?

12 First step: Identify the Electronic resources used Factual information/analysis (First, Oxford Analytica, EINnews.com, Landguiden, Stratford…) Factual information/analysis (First, Oxford Analytica, EINnews.com, Landguiden, Stratford…) Bibliographic information (Lancaster index, CIAO,WAO, EDN…) Bibliographic information (Lancaster index, CIAO,WAO, EDN…) Full texts Full texts Books (E-book, Xrefer, Net-library…) Books (E-book, Xrefer, Net-library…) Journals (Swetswise, Ingenta…) Journals (Swetswise, Ingenta…) Documents, publications, treaties (UN, EU, OECD, OSCE) Documents, publications, treaties (UN, EU, OECD, OSCE) Any (Lexis Nexis, Proquest…) Any (Lexis Nexis, Proquest…)

13 SURVEY results AllAfrica.com AllAfrica.com The The Barents Information Service Barents Information Service BASIC. British American Security Information BASIC. British American Security Information CIAO.Columbia International Affairs Online CIAO.Columbia International Affairs Online Crisisweb.org Crisisweb.org Defense link Defense link EurActiv.com EurActiv.com EU databases, EU databases, Lancaster index Lancaster index Leggi d’Italia, Leggi d’Italia, lii.org (Librarians index to Internet) lii.org (Librarians index to Internet) Lexis Nexis Lexis Nexis NBER.National Bureau of Economic Research NBER.National Bureau of Economic Research ODS UN + UN Treaties ODS UN + UN Treaties Project on Defense Alternatives Project on Defense Alternatives Swetswise Swetswise Dialog Dialog EDN EDN EINnews.com (European Internet Network) EINnews.com (European Internet Network) FIRST : Facts on International Relations and Security Trends (by SIPRI & ISN) FIRST : Facts on International Relations and Security Trends (by SIPRI & ISN) Landguiden : länder i fickformat (by Swedish Institute of International Affairs) Landguiden : länder i fickformat (by Swedish Institute of International Affairs) Political resources on the web (most frequent reply) Political resources on the web (most frequent reply) ProQuest ProQuest STRATFOR (by Strategic Forecasting, Inc.) STRATFOR (by Strategic Forecasting, Inc.) Current Digest of the Soviet/post-Soviet Press, Current Digest of the Soviet/post-Soviet Press, Keesing's Record of World Events OSCE Documents Keesing's Record of World Events OSCE Documents WISO-WAO : World Affairs Online WISO-WAO : World Affairs Online X-refer, Rand Dat (for e-books) X-refer, Rand Dat (for e-books) Oxford Analytica Oxford Analytica Universalis and Britannica Universalis and Britannica

14 E-journals Accessible on directly on Internet via publisher’s sites, commercial suppliers, interest groups (Swets, Ingenta, Open Access Journals…) Accessible on directly on Internet via publisher’s sites, commercial suppliers, interest groups (Swets, Ingenta, Open Access Journals…) Conditions: Conditions: Free or charged Free or charged IP authentification, Password/ID authentification, systems of authentification (e.g. Athens) IP authentification, Password/ID authentification, systems of authentification (e.g. Athens) Difficulties and so Qs to look at: Costs Costs Archives Archives Integration with existing information systems (common search) Integration with existing information systems (common search) What if susbscription stops? What if susbscription stops? Non-subscription costs Non-subscription costs Q: What are the solutions at the member institutions?

15 Hey, Bud, You Forgot about E- book Readers ! What is e-book? Offerings that organize text and graphics into lessons or chapters like traditional print books. (CISCO e-learning glossary) What is e-book? Offerings that organize text and graphics into lessons or chapters like traditional print books. (CISCO e-learning glossary) Use Use Non-Linear Lending: multiple-concurrent-user lending model Non-Linear Lending: multiple-concurrent-user lending model Linear – one loan only Linear – one loan only Online and offline access solutions Online and offline access solutions Format: four major formats; Microsoft Reader, Mobipocket, Palm and Adobe Format: four major formats; Microsoft Reader, Mobipocket, Palm and Adobe Ebook Formats: (EXE) -- denotes ebooks that are self-extractable. The requirements to view exe files are: Windows 95/98/NT and Internet Explorer 4.0 or later (it does not have to be your default browser but it must be installed). They will not work on MacOS systems (LIT) -- denotes ebooks for Microsoft Reader (PDF) -- denotes ebooks for Acrobat eBook Reader (ZIP) -- denotes zipped files needing an unzipping utility like WinZip (EXE) -- denotes ebooks that are self-extractable. The requirements to view exe files are: Windows 95/98/NT and Internet Explorer 4.0 or later (it does not have to be your default browser but it must be installed). They will not work on MacOS systems (LIT) -- denotes ebooks for Microsoft Reader (PDF) -- denotes ebooks for Acrobat eBook Reader (ZIP) -- denotes zipped files needing an unzipping utility like WinZipMicrosoft ReaderAcrobat eBook ReaderWinZipMicrosoft ReaderAcrobat eBook ReaderWinZip Q to be looked at: Access Integration with current library systems Tips to overcome side effects (e.g. eyestrain, costly readers…)

16 Recommended action: Content awareness (identify good resources, acquisition) Content awareness (identify good resources, acquisition) Content delivery Content delivery People&Knowledge (disseminate best practice:evaluate:share skills) People&Knowledge (disseminate best practice:evaluate:share skills) Tools (presentations at our conferences, chat room of EINIRAS, alerts via mailing lists) Tools (presentations at our conferences, chat room of EINIRAS, alerts via mailing lists) Speak to suppliers!!! Speak to suppliers!!! Tell us your opinion!!! Tell us your opinion!!!


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