Presentation on theme: "Robert Burns (1759-1796). Outline of the lecture Brief introduction of Burns and his poetry Poem appreciation: A red, red roseA red, red rose Summary:"— Presentation transcript:
Robert Burns (1759-1796)
Outline of the lecture Brief introduction of Burns and his poetry Poem appreciation: A red, red roseA red, red rose Summary: Features of Burns’ poetryFeatures of Burns’ poetry Appreciation: “days of long ago”“days of long ago”
Robert Burns an excellent native poet of Scotland his poems written in the Scottish dialect; many lyrics praising nature, love, and friendship, such as “A Red, Red Rose,” “My heart’s in the Highland”. His “Auld Lang Syne” (Old Long Ago) which have been sung as a parting song in many places of the world in different languages.
Celebration of Burns Burns Supper On Jan. 25, as Burns night Have haggis ( 羊肚包杂碎 ), traditional Scottish food Play pipes Poetry reading
Burns’ Cottage in Alloway, Scotland
Burns’ statues Statue in Australia Statue in Dumfries, Scotland
Poetry of Burns The poems of Burns are written in the Scottish dialect on a variety of subjects. 1) Political poems 2) Satirical poems 3) Lyrics Mainly, 3 kinds Examples
Political: “ Epistle to J. Lapraid ” “ 致拉布雷克书 ” 我只求大自然给我一点火种， 我所求的学问便全在此中！ 纵使我驾着大车和木犁， 浑身是汗水和泥土， 纵使我的诗神穿得朴素， 她可打进了心灵深处。 （王佐良译） common feelings of the working people
Satirical: “For a’That and a ‘That” “ 不管那一套 ” 不管怎样变化，明天一定会来到 那时侯真理和品格 将成为整个地球的荣耀！ 管他们这一套那一套， 总有一天会来到： 那时侯全世界所有的人， 都成了兄弟，不管他们那一套！ （王佐良 译） in defiance of the rand and title of the gentlefolk 嘲弄王公豪绅
Lyrical: A red, red rose written in 1794, published in 1796
Questions How dose the narrator in the love song express his love? Why is this poem so touching to the readers?
Question 1 How dose the narrator in the love song express his love? to use many figures of speeches: simile, metaphor, repetition
Question 2 Why is this poem so touching to the readers? 1) original flavor in fiery and direct expression: directly passionate 2) artistic recreation; imagery presentation: newly sprung rose/ sweetly played melody 3) in repetition to stir an echoing effect
Comparison with Chinese folk song 上邪 上邪，吾欲与君相知，长命无绝衰。 山无陵，江水为竭，冬雷震震，夏雨雪， 天地合，乃敢与君绝！ Q: what are the similarities between the two songs?
Summary writing Write 500-word summary on Burns’ lyric “A red, red rose”.
Summary This is one of Burns’ popular love lyrics and is also a good example of how the poet made use of old Scottish folk poetry and created immortal lines by revising the old folk material. The extreme simplicity of the language and the charming rhythmic beat of the verse express better than anything else the poet’s true sentiments toward his beloved.
Summary (con.) This song is truly Burns own hand, every line has produced a rush of traditioners who pretend to treat us with what they call the old words. To all lovers of Burns and to the great mass of romantic souls who appreciate fine love songs, these are immortal words for the rose newly sprung in June provides us with perfect imagery. Indeed the poet's world-wide appeal rests strongly on this and other love songs whose various elements of old ballads are brought together. Only the touch of a genius could transform them into such a song. Burns imagination and his ear gathered these inherited comparisons and metaphors together, altered them, however slightly, purged them of all vulgarity and created in the end one of the loveliest lyrics of all time. It is a masterpiece of technique rather than of passion. It is by the superb blending of the various units into one harmonious whole that the song achieves its beauty.
Summary (con.) The red rose is a lyric of genius, made out of the common inherited material of folk song. It is an example of something that is very old but which seems startlingly new because it manages to convey deep feeling without qualification or embroidery. In the rose, there is no incongruence between particular and universal. The reader, still more, the singer, experiences what they have felt for a person which they themselves have loved. The reader attaches the beautiful words and tune to their own image of the face and of the person. This they can do, only because the song generalizes the emotions of countless lovers, high and low, at all times and in all places. Here the distinction between personal and impersonal becomes quite worthless. Burns is any man in love with any woman, yet in the act of artistic creation he is more truly and more intensely himself than at any ordinary moment of daily life.
Burns’s position and his features A great Scottish peasant poet; a national poet of Scotland Numerous are Burns’s songs of love and friendship. His great success was largely due to his comprehensive knowledge and excellent mastery of the old song traditions. His poetry have a musical quality that helps to perpetuate the sentiment.
Burns ushered a tendency that prevailed during the high time of Romanticism: 1)To cultivate medieval literary legacy and embrace national culture; 2)To introduce daily expressions into poetic diction; 3)To pick up the life of common people as poetic subjects and show great sympathy
Robert Burns, a representative of Pre- Romanticism Interests in folk literature Exploration of emotions and feelings Under the influence of French Revolution, and be against the bondage of classicism
Supplementary poem Read Burns’ “Auld Lang Syne” Listen to the song of “Auld Lang Syne” and Chinese version
Should auld acquaintance be forgot, And never brought to mind? Should auld acquaintance be forgot, And auld lang syne? For auld lang syne, my dear, For auld lang syne, We'll take a cup of kindness yet For auld lang syne.
Auld Lang Syne Auld: old Lang: long Syne: since auld lang syne: days of long ago Gowans: daisies Mony: many Fitt: foot
English song Should old friendship be forgot' And never remembered ? Should old friendship be forgotten, And days of long ago.
We two have run about the hills And pulled the daisies fine : But we have wandered many a weary foot Since days of long ago. We two have waded in the stream From dawn till dinner-time : But seas between us broad have roared Since days of long ago.
And there's a hand my trusty friend ! And give me a hand of thine ! And we will take a large draught For days of long ago. And surely you will have your tankard ! And surely I will have mine ! And we will take a cup of kindness yet, For days of long ago'
Burn ’ s Poetry Some of Burns famous songs are: Auld Lang Syne; Comin ’ Thro the Rye; Sweet Afton; Scots Wha Hae; Green Grow the Rashes; and A Red, Red, Rose. The Chinese Version of Robert Burns: Selected Poems (.pdf)The Chinese Version of Robert Burns: Selected Poems (.pdf)