Presentation on theme: "指導校長: 陳錦田校長 王淑玲、葉友維 、劉亭君、張桂珍、李佳玫"— Presentation transcript:
1指導校長: 陳錦田校長 王淑玲、葉友維 、劉亭君、張桂珍、李佳玫 Reader’s TheaterIntegrated in English Teaching指導校長: 陳錦田校長王淑玲、葉友維 、劉亭君、張桂珍、李佳玫
2Sense of Humor Learning by Doing (做中學) Patient: I feel so nervous. This is my first operation.Doctor: I know just how you feel.It’s my first operation, too.
3Read Together Re-create Texts Reader’s Theater RT stands for …..(Q&A)Read TogetherRe-create TextsReader’s Theater
4A. IntroductionEveryone needs to talk - to hear and to play with language, to exercise the mind and emotions and tongue together.Lois Walker (2006)Reader’s theater is a minimal theater in support of literature and reading.Aaron Shepard (1996)
5B. Why RT Drama RT complicated Memorize the script Background and costumesMusicTime consumingRTSimpleRead aloud the scriptEmphasize intonationAudience imaginationSimple sound effectsTime saving
6B. Why RT ? An easy way to achieve A fun project for participants and audienceA creative way of sharing aloudA great chance to feel confident inspeaking English on stage
73. Supporting Activities 5. Rehearsal /performance A Mind Map for RT1. Scripts2. Role Assignment6. Wrap upRT Mind Map3. Supporting Activities5. Rehearsal /performance4. Voice Practice
81. Selecting Scripts David forgot his homework. High quality (education inspiration)Interesting, lively dialoguesAppropriate (age, grade, and readability levels)EditingDavid forgot his homework.My dog ate my hamburger
9Scripts Resourcing Plays(Three Little Pigs, Cinderella… ) Short stories(folk tales/ fables/ picture books)Poems ( I U…/ I read to you….)Chants (Folk Songs /Nursery Rhymes)Essays ( Different topics )Textbooks ( Publisher/ By teachers )
10David forgot his homework. My dog ate my hamburger Online ResourcesReader’s Theater Scripts and PlaysAbsolutely WhootieScripts for SchoolsVermilion Parish最終目標：培養編創劇本的能力…….Ellen took my watch.David forgot his homework.My dog ate my hamburger
11Script by Level Learning to Read (1~2年級) Reading to Learn (3~4年級) Reading to Think (5~6年級)RT劇本：符應教育部之主題參考Ellen took my watch.David forgot his homework.My dog ate my hamburger
12Script by Level Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See? Learning to Read (1~2年級)Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?Who Took the Cookies from the Cookie Jar?
13Script by LevelReading to Learn (3~4年級)The Carrot SeedBark GeorgeRosie’s WalkHenny Penny
14Script by Level Reading to Think (5~6年級) Seven Blind Mice Seven Blind MiceWe Are Going on A Bear HuntThere Was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a FlyClick, Clack, Moo, Cows That Type
15A Second LanguageA family of mice were surprised by a big cat. Father Mouse jumped and said, "Bow-wow!"The cat ran away. "What was that, Father?" asked Baby Mouse."Well, son, that's why it's important to learn a second language."
16Boring vs. InterestingVillager : He is a lazy boy! He rides on the donkey comfortably and his father walks?All: Yes, yes, He should get off the donkey! He is so lazy! Let his papa get on the donkey!The son: You are right, sir. I am lazy! I ride the donkey and my father walks slowly! Papa, please, get on the donkey.Father: You are such an obedient boy.Narrator: Therefore, the son got off the donkey and then helped his father get on it. The father and his son walked on.
17Boring vs. InterestingAll: My, oh my! What do I see? A crazy situation right in front of me! Farmer: You fools! Don't you know that donkeys are for riding? You must be afraid to rub the fur of its body. Farmer’s Wife: How ridiculous! You own a donkey, but you don’t use it! That makes you the ass! The Man: What are you scoundrels scoffing at? My dear, get up onto the Donkey.Donkey: EEee-aww! Why didn’t that farmer keep his mouth shut!
18What You Need for A Good Script Some interesting charactersA settingA large number of dialoguesA goalSome suspenseful plots
19To be helped by the fairy godmother Script StructureCharacters:Setting:CinderellaPalaceGoal:To go to the ballHow the goal will be reachedTo be helped by the fairy godmother
202. Role Assignment Narrators tell the story. Characters are in the story.
21Casting Teachers assign the roles to students Students take turns playing roles.Children are aware of their roles.Let students find their own roles in the dialogue segment, and mark up.
23Characters Narrator 1 (N1), Narrator2 (N2) The man (M), The girl (G), The donkeyFarmer, Farmer’s WifeOld Man, Old Man’s WifeWoman1, Woman2Blacksmith, Blacksmith’s WifeScripted by Paul Harding.Based on the traditional story by Aesop.
24The Man, The Girl, and the Donkey N1: One sunny day a man decided to go to the market in the town. He went to the stable and got his donkey.N2: The man’s daughter looked outside and saw her father about to set off for the village, so she hurried outside.G: Dad! Dad! Where are you going? Can I come too?M: I'm just going to the market. You can come if you want. Get your hat. It’s a hot day.G: Father, will we ride the donkey today?M: No dear, we won’t ride him today for it is a hot day, and he will have a heavy load to carry home from the market.
25N1: The man, the girl, and the donkey headed slowly down the dirt road that led to the town. After a short while, they met a group of farmers.All: My, oh my! What do I see? A crazy situation right in front of me!Farmer: You fools! Don't you know that donkeys are for riding? You must be afraid to rub the fur of its body.Farmer’s Wife: How ridiculous! You own a donkey, but you don’t use it! That makes you the ass!M: What are you scoundrels scoffing at? My dear, get up onto the Donkey.Donkey: EEee-aww! Why didn’t that farmer keep his mouth shut!All: Awwww…
26N2: Soon, they came to a group of old men and women who were talking very earnestly. All: My, oh my! What do I see? A crazy situation right in front of me!Old Man: That idle lout of a girl sits there in luxury while her poor old father sweats like a pig!Old Man’s Wife: Aren’t you ashamed of yourself, young lady? Your legs are young and strong, yet you let your father walk. Despicable!N1: The man wasn’t a bit tired but he said.M: What are you vagabonds scoffing at? Get down, precious, I will take a turn riding the donkey. Then the people will be satisfied.Donkey: EEee-aww! I was better off with the young lass. Hmpf!All: Awwww…
27N2: Pretty soon they met some women coming from the town. All: My, oh my! What do I see? A crazy situation right in front of me!Woman 1: Why shame on you. How can you ride upon the beast, while that poor little boy there can hardly keep pace by the side of you?Woman 2: You lazy old fellow. What kind of a man rides a donkey and leaves his poor little daughter to trudge along beside him?M: What are you old crows scoffing at? Dear, climb up here with me!Donkey: EEee-aww! Double trouble.All: Awwww…N1: They had not gone far when they came upon another group of passers-by who began to jeer, point and heap more ridicule upon them.
28Blacksmith: Aren’t you ashamed of yourselves for overloading that poor Donkey! Someone should take a stick and knock the both of you off its back!Blacksmith’s Wife: I agree, the poor animal can hardly walk. You two fellows look more fit to carry the poor beast than he is to carry you.N2: The man and the girl stopped the donkey once again and tried to think what to do. They thought and they thought. They had tried everything except carrying the donkey themselves.M: Let us tie up the donkey’s four hooves and put a pole on our shoulders so we can carry him to market.Donkey: EEee-aww! What a way to go! I’m dizzy. Whoo-hoo! Eee-aww!N1: There was the donkey going to the market place upside down. From all sides, people came running and laughing. Never had they seen such an entertaining sight.
29Donkey: Eeeee-ore! Girl, is it noisy. N2: The Donkey was upset by all the noise, so it started to struggle and wiggle just as they stepped on the market bridge.N1: He got one hoof loose and kicked at the girl.G: Ouch! Cut that out!N2: The girl dropped her end of the pole. The donkey rolled off the bridge and into the water.All: SPLASH!N1: Before anyone could fish him out he drowned.M: I have tried to please everybody and have only made a fool of myself. After this I shall do as I think best and let people say what they will.All: Try to please all and you will please none!
303. Supporting Activities Booklets / Art CraftsSongs and ChantsReading ActivitiesWriting ActivitiesLiterature Circle
31Booklets My five senses (mini books) Bark George ( bag books) There was an old lady (shape books)The very hungry caterpillar (hole books)Online resources (printable)Scripts folders (packet)
32Songs & Chants as Supplement The Miller, His Son, and Their DonkeyOh, miller and son, (x2)They have a donkey, but they can’t ride.They have a donkey, but they can’t sell.Too many comments to make decision. (x2)Listen to heart, just be yourself!You can’t please people, just be yourself!
33Online Resources 葉友維老師網站資源 Unscramble sentences 人的潛能無限，鼓勵老師發揮創意，自編歌曲韻文 (“Rain, rain go away”)人的潛能無限，鼓勵老師發揮創意，自編歌曲韻文Perform for the evaluationPerform for a special eventPerform for a competitionPerform for fun
34Reading Activities Picture matching Communication Listen and correct I read, you drawYou read to me, I’ll read to you!vocabulary checklist
35Writing Activities Word search / Word puzzles / Cloze ( Snake pictures Information gapPattern practiceShort article writingShape Poems
36Literature Circle Vocabulary Enricher (words) Passage Master (pattern) Connector (Reading report)Illustrator (draw and say)Travel Tracer (story map)Summarizer (summarize)
374. Voice Practice Pronunciation: Vowels Consonants (water:H2O: HIJKLMNO)LiaisonIntonation: FeelingsEmotionsPhrase pause
39Sounding the expression Why are you late?Because of the sign.What sign?The one that says,“School Ahead, Go slow.”
40StressUnder the sky, there is a cloud. Under the cloud, there is an airplane. Under the airplane, there is a bird. Under the bird, there is a kite. Under the kite, there is a tree. Under the tree, there is a boy.
415. Rehearsal and Performance Practice makes perfect.At first, students will be struggling with making sense of the play.Afterwards, they'll be able to focus on enjoying the performance and their parts in it.
425. Rehearsal and Performance Readers are arranged in a row or semicircle, sitting on high stools or standing.Script can be set on music stands.Scripts must be used. The cast should appear to read from their scripts.
43Performing Perform in the class Perform for the evaluation Perform for a special eventPerform for a competitionPerform for fun
446. Wrap up Inspiration Tips for RT Tips for teachers Readers Theater EvaluationAbout the BIG GAME
45Inspiration What’s the message for our students? living experience / not test-oriented / induce discussing (or speaking/reading) interest …What’s the message for ourselves?character education / integrating of learning subjects / encouraging discussing and then reading…
46Inspiration for ourselves first Inspired teachers, then to inspire studentsFear free teachers, then fear free studentsEducation is an adventureDon’t choose students, students will choose you.Likewise don’t choose $, $ will choose you.“Down to earth”Upgrade quality from quantityWhat’s the message for ourselves?character education / integrating of learning subjects / encouraging discussing and then reading…
47Tips for RT Begin with easy scripts. Appropriate language level Everyone has a roleSmall groupEnough time for rehearsingEvaluation/feedback
48Tips for Teacher Positive attitude towards group activity Free from anxiety to read aloudSupport among studentsGive comments in a polite mannerRespect and response to opinionEnjoy RT
50About the “Big Game”評分標準首重咬字發音與語調的清晰度和正確性，聲調要切合角色的個性，避免歌唱韻文和肢體表演的部分佔太大的篇幅，壓縮到朗誦對白的時間，並且模糊焦點喧賓奪主。RT表演就是另一種形式的廣播劇，是用聲音來做戲劇表演，服裝道具、肢體動作和歌曲演唱都只是點綴，避免過於誇張。RT比賽是教學的延伸，比賽表演的內容是將教學的成果展演出來。形式從簡－肢體動作、戲劇表演適可而止，服裝道具不列入評分。RT讓觀眾從聲音的表演去「想像」場景和角色的個性以及特性。角色分配要平均，勿讓對白集中在一兩個角色上。
51A role to act A topic to say A chance to SUCCEED Every students hasA role to actA topic to sayA chance to SUCCEED