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Playing with Words Aesop: 伊索 Clothing store using this name 衣索.

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Presentation on theme: "Playing with Words Aesop: 伊索 Clothing store using this name 衣索."— Presentation transcript:

1 Playing with Words Aesop: 伊索 Clothing store using this name 衣索

2 Chapter 5 Homework (Ex. # 10, pp ) a. Mary agent a balltheme in the houselocation b. the childrenagent from the playgroundsource to the wading pool goal

3 c. one of the menagent all the doorstheme with a paper clipinstrument d. Johnagent the icetheme with a blowtorchinstrument e. the suncausative the icetheme Chapter 5 Homework (Ex. # 10, pp )

4 f. the icetheme g. with a telescopeinstrument the boyexperiencer the mantheme h. the farmeragent haytheme onto the truckgoal

5 i. the farmeragent the haytheme with a pitchforkinstrument j. the haytheme on the truckgoal by the farmeragent Chapter 5 Homework (Ex. # 10, pp )

6 If the balloons popped, the sound wouldn’t be able to carry since everything would be too far away from the correct floor. A closed window would also prevent the sound from carrying, since most buildings tend to be well insulated. Since the whole operation depends on a steady flow of electricity, a break in the middle of the wire would also cause problems. Of course, the fellow could shout, but the human voice is not loud enough to carry that far. An additional problem is that a string could break on the instrument. Then there could be no accompaniment to the message. It is clear that the best situation would involve less distance. Then there would be fewer potential problems. With face to face contact, the least number of things could go wrong. Bransford and Johnson, 1972, p. 719, quoted in Omaggio, 1986, pp

7 Pro-Forms Pro-NP / Pronoun Jan saw the boy with the telescope. Dan also saw him. Pro-VP Emily hugged Cassidy and Zachary did too. Pro-S I am sick, which depresses me. Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams An Introduction to Language. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, p. 210.

8 A vs. The I bought a new jacket. A jacket is red. I bought a new jacket. The jacket is red.

9 A vs. The My brothers arrived last night. Today, one is meeting me for lunch, the other is going to Kenting. Today, one is meeting me for lunch, another is going to Kenting.

10 Deriving Meaning from Linguistic Context  Previous sentences  Pronouns  Articles

11 Deriving Meaning from Situational Context  Maxims of Conversation  Speech Acts  Presuppositions  Deixis

12 Maxims of Conversation 1. Quantity Say neither more nor less than the discourse requires. 2. Relevance Be relevant. 3. Manner Be brief and orderly; avoid ambiguity and obscurity. 4. Quality Do not lie; do not make unsupported claims. Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams An Introduction to Language. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, pp

13 Violating the Maxims of Conversation 1. Letter of Recommendation NOT saying ENOUGH 2. Does Sally have a boyfriend? She goes to Taipei every weekend. 3. Masticating alimentary sustenance thoroughly can promote enhanced cholesterol levels. 4. Who took my book? Bill. I heard someone say he came out…

14 Presuppositions a. Have you stopped hugging your sheepdog? b. Who bought the badminton set? c. John doesn’t write poems anymore. d. The present King of France is bald. e. Would you like another beer? Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams An Introduction to Language. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, p. 216.

15 Chapter 5 Homework (Ex. # 17, pp ) a. Please take me out to the ball game again. I have been to a ball game before. b. Valerie regretted not receiving a new T-bird for Labor Day. Valerie did not get a new T-bird. (At least not for Labor Day.) c. That her pet turtle ran away made Emily very sad. Emily’s pet turtle ran away.

16 Chapter 5 Homework (Ex. # 17, pp ) d. The administration forgot that the professors support the students. The professors support the students. Vs. The administration believes that the professors support the students. They believe it, but it may not be true. e. It is an atrocity that the World Trade Center was attacked on September 11, The WTC was attacked. The attack occurred September 11, 2001.

17 Chapter 5 Homework (Ex. # 17, pp ) f. Isn’t it an atrocity that the World Trade Center was attacked on September 11, 2001? The WTC was attacked. The attack occurred September 11, g. Disa wants more popcorn. Disa has already had some popcorn.

18 h. Why don’t pigs have wings? Pigs do not have wings. i. Who discovered Pluto in 1930? Someone discovered Pluto. It was discovered in Chapter 5 Homework (Ex. # 17, pp )

19 Deixis  First and Second person pronouns  Free Third person pronouns  Demonstratives (Pronouns and NPs)  Time deixis  Place deixis Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams An Introduction to Language. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, pp


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