Pronouns A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun or another pronoun.
Example 1.Marie went for a walk. She went for a walk. In the second sentence, she is a pronoun that takes the place of the noun Marie.
Antecedents An antecedent is the noun the pronoun replaces or refers to. Jane and Margaret went shopping; they bought a new book at the store. “Jane and Margaret” is the antecedent. “They”is the pronoun that replaces it.
Subject Pronoun The subject pronoun is who or what the sentence is about –We played soccer. –“We” is a pronoun and it tells who the sentence is about.
1. Personal Pronouns A personal pronoun refers to the one speaking, the one spoken to, or the one spoken about. Karen ate pizza. She was hungry. The word "she" is a personal pronoun that refers to "Karen."
Examples SingularPlural First Person I, me, my, mine We, us, our, ours Second Person You, your, yours Third person He, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its They, them, their, theirs
2. Reflexive Pronouns A reflexive pronoun is a pronoun that refers to the subject and is necessary to the meaning of the sentence. It ends in "-self" or “-selves” Bob enjoyed himself at the gym. “Himself” is a reflexive pronoun; it is necessary for the sentence to make sense.
3. Intensive Pronouns An intensive pronoun emphasizes a noun or another pronoun. It is not necessary to the meaning of the sentence. Did you decorate the room yourself? “yourself” is not necessary to include.
Reflexive- NECESSARYIntensive- UNECESSARY To lift weights, one must FLEX their muscles. However, one doesn’t have to be INTENSE and make grunting and growling noises. Grrrr… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FO1gqtMPaMM
Reflexive or Intensive? Jill read to herself. We ourselves made the meal. I gave myself plenty of time to get to work. The president himself appeared at the rally. You can make yourselves at home. I myself am sick of the heat.
Personal, Reflexive, or Intensive pg. 331 1.Darren himself did not know where the gifts were hidden. 2.Did Teri offer them directions to the community center? 3.Elena is a very good actress, and she always learns her lines very quickly.
Kara treated herself to a short nap after a long day. Although it fell from the top branches of the elm tree, the chipmunk was not injured. Tracy and Ed carried the aquarium to the car themselves. Rosalia congratulated herself on meeting her goal. The dog made itself dizzy by chasing its own tail.
4. Indefinite Pronouns An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to persons, places, or things, in general. It may or may not be specifically named. Someone stole my wallet! The word "someone" is the indefinite pronoun.
Indefinite Exampes SingularPlural Anybody, anyone, Each, either, Every, everybody, Everyone, Neither, nobody, No one, nothing, one Both Many Few Several All
Everyone in the class was invited to the party. None of the boys knew much about camping. Either of us will go with you.
What is the indefinite pronoun? Can I have some? Several are making all A’s. Everybody knows what happened. I missed a few on the test.
5. Demonstrative Pronouns A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that replaces a specific person, place, thing, or idea. These are sour. The word "these" is a demonstrative pronoun; it replaces the word lemons.
Demonstrative Pronoun Examples This That These Those
These are the shoes he used to wear. Are those really his autographs? These are wonderful, ripe, juicy grapes. The experiment that we conducted in chemistry class was fascinating.
This, that, these, and those can also be used as demonstrative adjectives if they describe a noun or pronoun. This is a delicious papaya. This papaya is delicious. That is the car my cousin drives. My cousin bought that car.
Demonstrative Pronoun OR Demonstrative Adjective? This is my first visit to Florida. Joe bought those tickets. Is that my backpack? I love this team! These are my friends. Will you hand me those?
Indefinite or Demonstrative? 1.Are you asking anyone to the dance this weekend? 2.This is my jacket; that one must be yours. 3.Something is different about your hair. 4.That was the funniest thing I have ever seen a kitten do!
5.This is good, but Chrissy’s report is better. 6.The armadillo paused at the puddle and drank some of the water. 7.Are those the socks you are wearing with those shoes? 8.We have to choose between these and the ones we looked at yesterday.
6. Interrogative Pronouns An interrogative pronoun introduces a question. Who, whom, which, what, and whose are interrogative pronouns. Who wrote Twilight ? The word “Who" is an interrogative pronoun.
What is the interrogative pronoun? To whom is the e-mail addressed? Which of the books are you reading? Whose is the car in the driveway? Who likes to watch American Idol?
What was the name of the volcano that erupted in Washington? “Who left all of those markers on the floor yesterday?” asked Ms. Jackson. Whose turn is it to take out the trash? To whom did you lend your book?
Indefinite or Interrogative? 1.Someone has been sitting in my chair! 2.Couldn’t you find anybody? 3.Whose are those shoes? 4.Anyone can whistle.
5.Many of the contestants have finished. 6.No one in the class selected that subject for a research report. 7.Which of your cousins haven’t you talked to yet? 8.I think either of the girls could do the job.
Label the underlined pronoun as: personal, reflexive, intensive, demonstrative, indefinite, or interrogative. 1.All of you are progressing well in language arts. 2.Justin thanked me for returning the book to him. 3.I gave myself plenty of time to get to work. 4.I myself am sick of the heat. 5.These are wonderful, ripe, juicy grapes. 6.I didn’t tell anybody about the movie. 7.Are those the shoes you wanted? 8.Which jacket did you lose today?