1 Arab Mashreq Road Safety Partnership Workshop Doha October 2008Development of Road Safety Strategy Kingdom of Bahrain Shawqia Humidan & Mahmoud Al-Katib &
2 Outline of the presentation Background to Road safety in BahrainBrief Introduction and objectivesThe development of the strategySummary of the proposed StrategyFunding requirements & economic benefitsWhy do we need to know the factsObjectives of Stage oneHow was the information collectedHow was the traffic safety system evaluatedWhat we foundStrengths….Weaknesses…Key Issues
3 Fatal Accidents Trend 1995 – 2005 in the Kingdom of Bahrain No of AccidentsStrengthsTraffic safety has considerable political support and several organisations are committed to improving traffic safety.There is a high level committee co-ordinating the implementation of a multi-sector action programme at the National level.Traffic safety polices exist.Funds do not appear to have been a major constraint in preparing the road safety strategy but more consistent road safety funding mechanisms should be considered.Crash costs have been estimated but not used for prioritisation of measures.YearSource General Traffic Department Bahrain
4 Death per 100,000 people in the Region Source World Bank 2001 figures
5 Death per 100,000 vehicle in the Region Source World Bank 2001 figures
6 Development of Road Safety Strategy Kingdom of Bahrain StrengthsTraffic safety has considerable political support and several organisations are committed to improving traffic safety.There is a high level committee co-ordinating the implementation of a multi-sector action programme at the National level.Traffic safety polices exist.Funds do not appear to have been a major constraint in preparing the road safety strategy but more consistent road safety funding mechanisms should be considered.Crash costs have been estimated but not used for prioritisation of measures.
7 Objective of the study Evaluate traffic safety in Bahrain Review and appraise the current level of traffic safetyIdentify strengths and weaknessesIdentify the main critical issues and their effects for the futureExamine the options and the possibilities of implementationSet Accidents reduction target for the next 10 years.Formulate a future road safety strategy for the Kingdom of Bahrain
9 How was the traffic safety system evaluated The traffic safety system has been be divided into the following sectors;1 Traffic safety management and coordination2 Road safety engineering3 Road safety education4 Traffic law enforcement5 Vehicle safety6 Emergency and medical care7 Evaluation of researchEach sector was given a weighting relative to it’s importance to the safety system
10 Traffic Safety Performance Indicators Plan Sector Sub sector1.1 Road Safety Managt’. & Coordination1.2 Crash & Injury information1.3 Insurance & Accident Costing301. Road Safety Management& Coordination2050202. Engineering152.1 Road Safety Engineering1003.1 Traffic Education of Children3.2 Driver Training & Testing3.3 Traffic Safety Publicity203. Education154030Road Safety4. Enforcement4.1 Traffic Law4.2 Traffic Law Enforcement402560TRL is the largest and most broadly based centre for transport research in the UK.The Laboratory currently has over 385 scientists and engineers covering all aspects of the transport sector from highway engineering to driver behaviour and environmental issues to road safety.In addition to working in the UK we have extensive experience overseas and carried out projects in over 50 countries over the last 3 years.While we were an Agency we improved our business efficiency and this has put us in a position to compete effectively in the open market.The target growth of our non Department research is, however, extremely challenging but we plan to double revenue from these sources so that it represents about 45% of turnover by the year 2002.Our turnover last year was £32M and we expect to gradually increase this level of turnover over the next few years.This will improve our competitiveness and create career opportunities for staff so making TRL attractive to top specialists in our field5.1 Vehicle Testing/Inspection405. Vehicle Safety105.2 Vehicle Standards5.3 Hazardous Goods + Overloading30306.1 Emergency Services6.2Trauma Management6.3 Victim Rehabilitation506. Emergency & Medical Care1030207. Evaluation57.1 Road Safety Research/ Monitoring100= Proposed weighting30Slide No 1
11 Who are the main stakeholders? Traffic Control BoardMinistry of Roads and Housing includingRoad Planning & Design DirectorateMinistry of EducationMinistry of Health includingAmbulance and Emergency Medical Care ServicesMinistry of InteriorGeneral Directorate of Traffic includingDriver ExaminationVehicle InspectionMinistry of TransportationMinistry of FinanceGovernorate AffairsPublic Driving SchoolsFire and Civil Defence ServicesBahrain Road Traffic ResearchMajor Insurance companiesTraffic Control BoardRoad Planning & Design DirectorateTraffic Police DepartmentMinistry of EducationMinistry of HealthMinistry of InteriorMinistry of TransportationMinistry of FinanceMunicipalities AffairsPublic Driving SchoolsDriving licensing & examining DepartmentVehicle licensing & Inspection DepartmentAmbulance and Emergency medical care ServicesFire and Civil defense servicesA & E Departments in major HospitalsBahrain Road Traffic ResearchMajor Insurance companies
12 The Evaluation Results SectorLevel of serviceEmergency and Medical Care94%Vehicle Insurance86%Road Safety Education in Schools64%The Accident Data System56%Road Safety Publicity54%Safety Engineering48%Road Safety Management Co-ordination,Funding and Strategies42%Driver Training Testing and Licensing41%Traffic Law Enforcement38%Vehicle InspectionEvaluation and Research24.5%Summary of sector scoresLess ActionMore Action
14 Main Elements of the Strategy A target of reducing Fatal and Serious casualties by 30% by 2016 compared to the 2006 base line was set.A new road safety management structure has been approved with a National Road Safety Council.A Strategic Road Safety Unit is approved to assist in the implementation of the Strategy.129 initiatives were identified in all sectorsA five year implementation programme was developed & costed
15 Summary of Cost per sector Cost B.DManagement, Co-ordination and FundingAccident Data SystemRoad Safety EngineeringDriver Training, Testing and LicensingVehicle InspectionVehicle Insurance35 000Traffic Law EnforcementRoad Safety PublicityRoad Safety Education in SchoolsEmergency and Medical CareEvaluation and ResearchTotal
16 Total Cost of the Five year Action Plan StrengthsThere is an established independent research centre with some funding provided by the Bahrain University.The research is of a reasonably high standard with some publications.Several national conference and some training programmes have been established.
17 How much will be savedWhen the strategy is implemented, the reduction in the number of accidents will save the Kingdom’s economy over 100 million B.D.Please remember that the above number is an under estimate, it does not include the Human Grief and SufferingIf Included the figure would be 180 million B.DWhy do we need to know the factsObjectives of Stage oneHow was the information collectedHow was the traffic safety system evaluatedWhat we foundStrengths….Weaknesses…Key Issues
18 Saving…… SummaryEstimates of the economic benefits of savings by a 30% reduction of all accidents over a ten-year period100 million BD.The cost of implementing the improvements in the different sectors as outlined above, and amounts to a total of million BDIf the Kingdom spends 25 million B.D over ten yearsThe minimum rate of return will be 4 to 1
19 How will it workTo ensure that the strategy is implemented, the following must be provided:The highest possible level political support.Clearly defined leadership.Experienced safety experts to get the process underway.Sustainable financial resources must be available.Improvement in road safety is an investment to ensure a safe environment for future generations
20 Progress to DateThe national existing Traffic Board is to be extended to cover the duties identified for the National Road Safety Council.A technical working team from all stakeholders is formedOutline budgets have been set with implementation starting in 2009 and has been secured in principle.The establishment of the SRSU is underway.A review of Speed Limits, the first project to arise out of the Strategy is nearing completion..Work is underway at Ministry of Works to start further projects next year, including Road safety engineering plan, a review of highway design standards, and formalisation of Safety Audit procedures.Work is underway at the Ministry of Interior to appoint Consultants to assist in the implementation of their elements of the Strategy.
21 We are confident that many lives will be saved SummaryThe current road safety situation was assessedThe stakeholders have been cooperative and fully engagedThere is a considerable room for improvements in most sectors.Setting a long term strategy to reduce causality numbers, is timely and will enable the government to keep the Kingdom’s roads safe.The strategy has been developed in discussion with the stakeholders to ensure that it is practical and can be implemented.We are confident that many lives will be savedThe objective of establishing the current situation has been achieved.The stakeholders have been cooperative and most of them feel they want to improve.There is a considerable room for improvements in most sectors.Setting a long term strategy is timely and will continue to keep the Kingdoms’ road safe.The new strategy will be developed in discussion with the stakeholders to ensure that it is practical and implementable.
22 Thank you for your kind attention For more information, please contactMrs Shawqia HumidanChief Traffic EngineerMinistry Of WorksP. O. Box 5ManamaKingdom of BahrainTEL:Fax:Mahmoud Al-KatibManaging DirectorTSTN LimitedUnited KingdomTEL/ FAX:U.K. Mobile:Bahrain Mobile:Saudi Mobile:I think all contact should be through Shawqia