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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 3 – MENTAL & EMOTIONAL HEALTH 3.3 MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL PROBLEMS."— Presentation transcript:


2 Objectives  Standard 1  Objective 2e: Discuss strategies for suicide prevention.  Objective 3a: Review types of mental disorders.  Objective 3b: Explain the effects of mental disorders on individuals and society.  Objective 3c: Describe ways to eliminate the stigma associated with mental illness.  Objective 3d: Investigate school and community mental health resources.

3 Starter  How are mental illnesses portrayed in the media? Use specific examples. Explain your answer thoroughly in 3-4 sentences.

4 Mental Disorders Mental Disorders – is an illness of the mind that effects thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person that prevents them from leading a normal life. Types of Mental Disorders 1. Organic Disorder – caused by physical illness or injury that affects the brain. (tumors, infections, chemical imbalances, injuries resulting in brain damage.) 2. Functional Disorder – caused by heredity, stress, emotional conflict, fear, ineffective coping skills. (abuse, traumatic death of a loved one, divorce, natural disaster, economic hardship.)

5 Types of Mental Disorders  Anxiety Disorders  Mood Disorders  Conduct Disorders

6 Anxiety Disorders  Anxiety Disorders – A condition in which real or imaginary fears are difficult to control  Phobia  Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  Panic Disorder  Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder  What is the difference between Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders?

7 Anxiety  Anxiety – being worried about what may happen.  Symptoms;  Feelings of dread or fear  Perspiration, trembling, restlessness, muscle tension  Rapid heart rate, lightheadedness, shortness of breath, increased blood pressure  Mindfulness – ability to be in the present, both mind and body. This is an excellent tool to combat anxiety and fear

8 Mood Disorders  Mood Disorders – mood swings that interfere with everyday living.  Clinical Depression  Bipolar Disorder

9 Depression  Depression – prolonged feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness.  2 Types of Depression 1. Reactive Depression – response to a stressful event. 2. Major Depression – can develop from reactive depression or may be a result of a chemical imbalance. This type of depression requires medical treatment.  Symptoms of Depression  Irritability  Mood Swings  Withdrawal from friends and activities previously found enjoyable  Change in appetite and weight  Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, hopelessness

10 Conduct Disorders  Conduct Disorders – behavior in which the rights of others and basic social rules are violated.  Schizophrenia – person loses contact with reality  Personality Disorders  Antisocial Disorder  Borderline Disorder  Passive-Aggressive Disorder

11 Quick Write  What are stereotypes? Are stereotypes usually positive or negative? Think of stereotypes that you have had towards others or that others have had towards you. Express your opinion in 4-6 complete sentences.

12 Stigmas and Mental Illness What do you think stigma means? Common Misconceptions About Mental Illness  “Young people and children don’t suffer from mental health problems.”  Fact: It is estimated that more than 6 million young people in America may suffer from a mental health disorder that severely disrupts their ability to function at home, in school, or in their community.  “People who need psychiatric care should be locked away in institutions.”  Fact: Today, most people can lead productive lives within their communities thanks to a variety of supports, programs, and/or medications.  “A person who has had a mental illness can never be normal.”  Fact: People with mental illnesses can recover and resume normal activities. For example, Mike Wallace of “60 Minutes”, who has clinical depression, has received treatment and today leads an enriched and accomplished life.

13 Mental Illness Myths cont…  “Mentally ill persons are dangerous.”  Fact: The vast majority of people with mental illnesses are not violent. In the cases when violence does occur, the incidence typically results from the same reasons as with the general public such as feeling threatened or excessive use of alcohol and/or drugs.  “People with mental illnesses can work low-level jobs but aren’t suited for really important or responsible positions.”  Fact: People with mental illnesses, like everyone else, have the potential to work at any level depending on their own abilities, experience and motivation.

14 How You Can Combat stigma?  Share your experience with mental illness. Your story can convey to others that having a mental illness is nothing to be embarrassed about.  Help people with mental illness reenter society. Support their efforts to obtain housing and jobs.  Respond to false statements about mental illness or people with mental illnesses. Many people have wrong and damaging ideas on the subject. Accurate facts and information may help change both their ideas and actions.

15 Suicide  Video

16  If left untreated, depression can lead some youth to take their own lives. Suicide is the third leading cause of death for 15- to 24-year-olds and the sixth leading cause of death for 5- to 14-year-olds. Attempted suicides are even more common.  Suicide – act of intentionally taking ones life.  Alienation – feeling isolated and separated from everyone else.  “No one else can understand what I am going through.”  Cluster Suicides – A group of suicides that happen in a short period of time in the same community

17 Suicide Risk Factors  Depression  Mental Disorder  Abuse of alcohol, or other drugs  History of physical abuse  History of sexual abuse  Previous suicide attempts  Family history of suicide or emotional disorders  Significant changes in life’s situation

18 Warning Signs of Suicide Four out of five teens that attempt suicide give clear warnings.  Direct Statements  “I want to die”  “I wish I were dead”  “I don’t want to live anymore”  Indirect Statements  “I just want to go to sleep and never wake up”  “Soon this pain will be over”  “They’ll be sorry when I am gone”  “I can’t take it anymore”  Writing poems, song lyrics that deal with death/suicide  Obsession with death  Dramatic changes in personality  Overwhelming sense of guilt, shame, rejection  Substance abuse  Violent actions, rebellious behavior  Giving away personal possessions without explanation Verbal SignsNon-Verbal Signs

19 Suicide Prevention  Initiate Meaningful CONVERSATIONS – show interest and compassion. Listen to what they have to say. Be understanding.  Show SUPPORT and Ask Questions – Make it clear to them that all problems have solutions other than suicide.  Try to Persuade them to get HELP – encourage them to talk to a parent, counselor, therapist, or other trusted adult. Offer to go with them.

20 School and Community Resources  801-691-LIFE (Utah County United Way Crisis Hotline)  Utah County (801) 373-7393 Outside Utah County 1-866-366-7987  School Counselors  Teachers  Advisors  Trusted Adult and/or Leader  Clergy

21  Coping – dealing successfully with difficult changes in your life.  Not everyone copes with loss or change the same way  What are negative coping mechanisms? Excessive sleeping Excessive or emotional eating Drugs Alcohol Promiscuity Excessive spending Excessive thrill seeking (dangerous thrill seeking)

22 Grief Response – individuals response to a major loss. Not everyone grieves the same way, nor in the same time frame

23 Understanding Change, Death, and Grief  Mourning – act of showing sorrow or grief.  Not everyone mourns the same way, nor in the same time frame Cultural Differences

24 The Grieving Process 1. Denial – does not want to believe the loss has occurred. 2. Emotional Release – reaction to the recognition that the loss has occurred (crying). 3. Anger – lashing out at who/what was responsible for the loss. 4. Bargaining – promises to change if the loss is restored. 5. Depression – feelings of sadness, isolation, hopelessness. 6. Remorse – thoughts of what he/she could have done to prevent the loss. 7. Acceptance – facing the reality of the loss in a constructive way. 8. Hope – begins looking ahead to the future.

25 Coping with Disaster/Crisis  Spend time with other people and discuss your feelings.  Get back to daily routines as quickly as possible.  Eat nutritious food, exercise, and get enough rest.  Serve other people.

26 Objectives  Standard 1  Objective 2e: Discuss strategies for suicide prevention.  Objective 3a: Review types of mental disorders.  Objective 3b: Explain the effects of mental disorders on individuals and society.  Objective 3c: Describe ways to eliminate the stigma associated with mental illness.  Objective 3d: Investigate school and community mental health resources.

27 Assignment  Chapter 9 Review pg. 244  Recalling Facts #1-12


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