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OVERVIEW NOVA’S CRISIS INTERVENTION MODEL GROUP CRISIS INTERVENTION GCI.

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Presentation on theme: "OVERVIEW NOVA’S CRISIS INTERVENTION MODEL GROUP CRISIS INTERVENTION GCI."— Presentation transcript:

1 OVERVIEW NOVA’S CRISIS INTERVENTION MODEL GROUP CRISIS INTERVENTION GCI

2 CRISIS REACTION  PHYSICAL Immobilization (“frozen fright”) Mobilization (fight, flight, or adapt) Exhaustion (problem of sleep)

3 CRISIS REACTION  EMOTIONAL Shock, Disbelief, Denial, Regression Cataclysmic emotions Fear, Anger, Confusion, Frustration, Guilt, Shame, Grief Reconstruction of (new) equilibrium

4 DIAGRAMMING A DISASTER BY TYPE: Disaster Impact  Step One: Determine the cause of the disaster: natural, human, technological  Step Two: Determine the element involved: earth, wind, fire, water, people  Step Three: Determine issues of concern: sensorial, duration, conceptual

5 Diagramming a Disaster  Sensorial Involvement Smell Taste Touch Sight Auditory

6 Diagramming a Disaster Chronology  Pre-disaster Equilibrium Previous disaster history Cultural/economic tensions  Warning Characterized by anxiety Disaster subcultures Credible vs. non-credible

7 Diagramming a Disaster Chronology  Threat Responses vary: emotional problem-solving disengagement or “blunting”

8 Diagramming a Disaster Chronology  Impact Timing may add to sense of unreality Time warp Duration Survival issues Community pre-occupation Low point vs. no low point

9 Diagramming a Disaster Chronology  Inventory Disorientation Silence Assessment/triage

10 Diagramming a Disaster Chronology  Rescue  Remedy/Mitigation Disaster euphoria Disillusionment  Adjustment Stages

11 Diagramming a Disaster Spatial Dimensions  Convergence  Proximity  Remoteness  Geographic Spread

12 Diagramming a Disaster  Role Dimensions  Assessment of Social Disruption Practical Emotional  Distinguishing Features of Community Tragedy

13 Elements of Crisis Intervention  Safety and Security  Ventilation and Validation  Prediction and Preparation

14 Group Crisis Intervention(GCI) Techniques  Purpose: Address large numbers Provide peer validation Provide written validation through scribe Begin repair of community’s social fabric Educate community members Affirm hope for the future

15 Group Crisis Intervention  Logistics Who and How Many? Where? When? How Long? Setup

16 Group Crisis Intervention Roles  Lead Facilitator  Support Facilitator – “Scribe”  Other GCI Supporters

17 NOVA Basic GCI Process  Introduction  Ground Rules  Questions Sensorial, Memories, Prediction and Preparation, Follow-up  Education/Summary

18 Special Issues Death  Emotions: Fear, Anger, Guilt, Shame  Loss  Grief  Death Notification

19 Special Issues Long Term Stress  Post-Trauma Character Changes  Trigger Events  Secondary Injuries

20 Special Issues Spirituality  Trauma Impacts Faith  Power of Prayer in Crisis  Power of Ritual in Crisis  Ethical Guidelines for Helpers Survivors are Vulnerable Respect Ritual and Practices

21 Special Issues Culture  Matrix of Influences  Cultural Action Plan Education Geography, History, Rituals and Routines Entrance into a Different Culture Respect and Good Will

22 Special Issues Children  Developmental Stages  Spasmodic Crisis Reactions  Death Issues  Lack of Denial  Grief  Impact of Parent Loss

23 Special Issues Elders  Challenges of Aging  Season of Losses  Trauma Shatters Beliefs

24 Organizing Crisis Response Teams  Goals Assist local caregivers in planning Support local caregivers Train local caregivers Provide crisis intervention

25 Organizing Crisis Response Teams  Levels of Service  Team Member Roles: HQ Staff, Team Leader, Team Manager, Media Liaison, Others (“Worker Bees”)  Local Host  Flow of Activities


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