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Systems Change Process & Breaking Out of the Box Deb Painte, NATI Joseph Walker, NATI.

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Presentation on theme: "Systems Change Process & Breaking Out of the Box Deb Painte, NATI Joseph Walker, NATI."— Presentation transcript:

1 Systems Change Process & Breaking Out of the Box Deb Painte, NATI Joseph Walker, NATI

2 TRIBAL PERSPECTIVE National Indian Child Welfare Association (NICWA), Overview of Relational World View National Indian Child Welfare Association (NICWA), Overview of Relational World View Originally presented by Terry Cross, NICWA at the Western Pacific CWIC Regional Forum, San Francisco, March 2009 Originally presented by Terry Cross, NICWA at the Western Pacific CWIC Regional Forum, San Francisco, March 2009 (slide excerpts used with permission) (slide excerpts used with permission)

3 Linear Worldview Social Work/Medical Model Social History  Presenting Problem  Assessment  Treatment  Outcome Cause  Effect  New Cause  New Effect

4 Relational Worldview Native and Tribal Thought ContextMind Spirit Body BALANCE

5 Relational Worldview Native and Tribal Thought Fluid, cyclical view of time Each aspect of life is related Services aim to restore balance Interventions may not be directed at “symptoms” Underlying question is “how?”

6 From Individual to Organization The model of balance can be applied to organizations and communities. The model of balance can be applied to organizations and communities. Each element of the individual model has a parallel in an organization. Each element of the individual model has a parallel in an organization. This is the basis for NICWA’s approach to agency climate. This is the basis for NICWA’s approach to agency climate.

7 EnvironmentInfrastructure MissionResources Social Political Economic Physical Policies/Procedures Mgmt. Structure Personnel Mgmt. Fiscal Mgmt. Service Design Mission Vision Purpose Values Org. Spirit Mandate Strategic Plans Human Beings Leadership “Champions” Information Funding Coalitions Relational Worldview Organizational Level

8 Relational World View Theory of Change Change is a constant, inevitable, cyclical, and dynamic part of the human experience that occurs in natural, predictable patterns and can be facilitated to promote desired and measurable outcomes. Change is a constant, inevitable, cyclical, and dynamic part of the human experience that occurs in natural, predictable patterns and can be facilitated to promote desired and measurable outcomes.

9 RWV-Based Practice A change agent joins with the natural forces, and with purposeful intent, impacts the quadrants to restore balance and promote harmony. A change agent joins with the natural forces, and with purposeful intent, impacts the quadrants to restore balance and promote harmony. Interventions do not necessarily target symptoms but rather impact balance and facilitate harmony, and are frequently designed to impact multiple quadrants. Interventions do not necessarily target symptoms but rather impact balance and facilitate harmony, and are frequently designed to impact multiple quadrants. Change can be measured by observing key indicators of balance and harmony and by recording change across time in relationship to the intervention(s). Change can be measured by observing key indicators of balance and harmony and by recording change across time in relationship to the intervention(s).

10 EnvironmentInfrastructure MissionResources Essential Elements for Systems Change Needs Community Readiness Strengths Political will/urgency External Relationships Leadership Family and youth voice Staffing Training/TA Vertical buy-in Funding Financing Policy Standards of Practice Data Accountability Dependability of Institutions Partnerships Communication Values Shared Vision Cultural Integrity Sovereignty/Governance Respect for ancestral wisdom Alignment of principles

11 Change Processes Create a sense of urgency Create a sense of urgency Core leadership team Core leadership team Broad participatory planning Broad participatory planning Shared vision and strategy Shared vision and strategy Leadership empowering others Leadership empowering others Vertical buy-in Vertical buy-in Short term wins and persistence Short term wins and persistence Sustainability Sustainability Adapted from Kotter, 1997

12 Other tribal considerations Impact of Historical Trauma, Intergenerational Grief & Secondary Trauma on Tribal Systems Impact of Historical Trauma, Intergenerational Grief & Secondary Trauma on Tribal Systems Need to understand how this may impact your systems change process Need to understand how this may impact your systems change process

13 Historical Trauma Trauma upon trauma that occurs in history to a specific group of people causing emotional, mental and spiritual* wounding both during their lives and in the generations that follow.

14 Grief that is passed down from the generation experiencing the trauma to their children (the next generation) even though they may not be aware of or have direct experience of the actual traumatic events. Intergenerational Grief

15 Definitions Secondary Trauma – “a cluster of symptoms nearly identical to PTSD which results from the stress of working with or intimately knowing somebody who has been traumatized or is suffering. “ (Perron & Hiltz, 2006, p. 217) Secondary Trauma – “a cluster of symptoms nearly identical to PTSD which results from the stress of working with or intimately knowing somebody who has been traumatized or is suffering. “ (Perron & Hiltz, 2006, p. 217) Secondary Trauma Stress – “an acute stress reaction to a traumatic event experienced indirectly. (Phipps & Byrne, 2003, p. 139) Secondary Trauma Stress – “an acute stress reaction to a traumatic event experienced indirectly. (Phipps & Byrne, 2003, p. 139)

16 Breaking Out of the Box Practice Model and Standards of the Lakota Oyate Wakanyeja Owcakiyapi (LOWO) Agency, a tribally chartered child welfare agency on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. Practice Model and Standards of the Lakota Oyate Wakanyeja Owcakiyapi (LOWO) Agency, a tribally chartered child welfare agency on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. See MPCWIC Toolkit See MPCWIC Toolkit


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