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1 IFRC Reference Centre for Psychosocial Support.

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Presentation on theme: "1 IFRC Reference Centre for Psychosocial Support."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 IFRC Reference Centre for Psychosocial Support

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10 10 The PS Centre Established in 1993 Hosted by the Danish Red Cross Current set-up since 2004 Income from donors and consultancies

11 11 The PS Centre Mission: “To assist the IFRC Secretariat and National Societies to develop the capacity to provide psychosocial services at the community level in areas affected by catastrophic events, long- term crises and/or armed conflict”

12 12 The PS Centre Steering Committee + Advisory group Danish Red Cross Health and Care Department Geneva IFRC Reference Centre for Psychosocial Support International Consultants (Roster)

13 13 Community-based Psychosocial Support To assist affected people to attain stable life and integrated functioning, to restore hope, dignity, mental and social well- being and a sense of normality.

14 14 Immediate reactions Emotional suffering Shock Bereavement Grief Anxiety Anger Confusion Desperation

15 15 Community-based Psychosocial Support Disasters are characterized by loss of: personal relations and material goods an income social cohesion dignity, trust and safety, a positive self-image trust in the future Creates negative spiral

16 16 Community Based We work with National Red Cross/Red Crescent Societies With Headquarters and local branches With volunteers, local staff and international delegates Programmes are designed in collaboration with local stakeholders such as beneficiaries, community leaders, social workers and teachers

17 17 Principles of Community-based Psychosocial Support Facilitating resilience within individuals, families and communities Respecting independence, dignity and coping mechanisms Promoting the restoration of social cohesion and infrastructure

18 18 Community-based Psychosocial Support Reduces long-term negative psychological effects Improves a person’s immediate ability to function under stress Supports existing coping strategies

19 19 Psychology Psychiatry Protective environment Community and family support Focused mental health & psychosocial support Specialised mental health and psychosocial services When is support needed

20 20 Responding to acute needs PSP meet immediate emotional needs of disaster affected populations by Accepting acute physical and emotional reactions to shock Providing immediate support to alleviate long- term consequences Re-creating reciprocity and trust between people Re-establishing coherence and belief in the future

21 21 How needs are met Enhance psychosocial well-being Meeting survival and Protection needs Ensuring access to information Normalising daily life Re-establishing relationships PSP services in the early post-emergency stage aim at Making opportunities for expressing grief Providing medical care & psychological FA 21

22 22 Traumatic event Something happens Identificatio n Needs Assessment Local priorities and definitions of PS well-being Quick baseline E.g. relief distributions Development of baseline, indicators, Logframe, M&E procedures On-going monitoring, FGDs, Reporting Evaluation Completion Implementation Formulatio n Overview of E-PSP cycle of events

23 23 How to develop indicators? Indicators for psychosocial programmes are developed on the basis of the emotional responses observed during the assessment Since PSP aim at bringing about qualitative change, we need to go beyond numbers Never easy to quantify ‘soft’ issues and attach numbers to that which is better described

24 24 Psychosocial indicators Beneficiaries have returned to school and work  Normal daily routines have been resumed  Children are active in play and educational activities  Religious and cultural ceremonies have been resumed  Incidents of violence have decreased  Communities are coping with the changed life situation and future challenges

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26 26 Examples of Psychosocial Support Tool for families to talk openly about the future and the consequences of living with HIV/AIDS

27 27 Examples of Psychosocial Support School-based programme in the West Bank

28 28 Examples of Psychosocial Support Coffe shop in Aceh Improvised community centre

29 29 Examples of Psychosocial Support After the earthquake in Bam, Iran Combination of Counselling and Recreational/Learning Activities Activities. Counselling and therapy

30 30 Functions of the PS Centre Capacity building in National Societies Operational Assistance to International Programmes Documentation & Dissemination

31 31 Functions of the PS Centre Capacity building Training of trainers Support to regional networks Stress management and staff support Development of emergency PSP concept

32 32 Functions of the PS Centre Operational Assistance Assessment, monitoring, evaluation, ex: Assessment Monitoring and evaluation Mid-term reviews Baseline Indicators

33 33 Functions of the PS Centre Documentation and dissemination Training material Information sharing Advocate the relevance of PSP Participation in international networks, eg. IASC

34 34 Functions of the PS Centre Document database on the web Mapping of international PSP Coping with Crisis

35 35 Our services Advise How do we get started? How do we integrate PSP in existing activities Link with potential partners or networks Consultancies Assessments, evaluations etc.

36 36 Our services Training Community-based PSP (ToT) Stress management Documentation and information PSP related documents Information sharing

37 37 Contact us!

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