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Attachment Attachment in the context of involving children in assessment
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 What is attachment? Theory of personality development in the context of close relationships (Howe 1999) An affectionate bond between two individuals that endures through time and space and serves to join them emotionally (Kennel 1976)
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 What does it provide? Safe base Balance between trust and autonomy Psychological development Physical development Cognitive development Conscience development Identity
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 How long does it last? Shifted and renegotiated through life: Infant… Toddler… Child… Adolescent… Independence… Parenthood… Care of elders
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 Why of interest to children's professions? Why close relationships matter How the quality influences development Assessing relationships – children's state and parents’ ability to care Quality and character of relationships Improving parent and child relationships Parents’ own experiences Extended family – relevance for kinship care
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 What are attachment behaviours? Bring child in close proximity to caregiver Maximise care and protection Evolutionary – increase survival chances Doesn’t automatically mean healthy bond Give information about nature of attachment – behaviours and responses Relevant to developmental stage
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 Patterns of attachment Secure Ambivalent Avoidant Disorganised Combinations of the above Unattached
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 Care giving Care giving behaviours reinforce good attachment or compound attachment. Optimum behaviours on the left and cause for concern on the right. Sensitive -------- Not attuned Acceptance -------- Rejection Cooperation -------- Interference Accessibility -------- Ignoring
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 Attachment – cultural issues Basic concepts are same universally Aspects vary across cultures Attachment figures affected by family structure Long-term separations Family networks and connections vital Asylum seeking children – effects of separation.
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 Effects of lack of attachment Difficulty relating normally Difficulty growing socially, maintaining relationships Difficulty caring for others Egocentric, impulsive, babyish, Difficulties with rules and laws Lack of trust – highly defended
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 Separation and loss Separation involves fear which needs to be mastered; and loss involves grief which needs to be expressed (Aldgate & Simmonds 1990) Grief is the process through which one passes in order to recover from loss (Fahlberg 1994)
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 Stages of grief (taken from On Death and Dying by Kubler- Ross,1969) Shock Denial Anger Bargaining Sadness/despair Resolution
Communicating with Children © National Children's Bureau 2006 Stages of withdrawal (taken from A Child’s Journey Through Placement by Fahlberg, 1994) Protest Despair Quiet withdrawal
Attachment Attachment in Parent and Adolescent Conflict Calvin MA Social Work.
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Attachment Theory and Research 1. Learning objectives These materials will enable you to: Define attachment and understand the importance of secure attachment.
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CHAPTER 14 ATTACHMENT. Attachment A deep and enduring connection established between a child and caregiver in the first several years of life. Central.
Life-Span Human Development, Fifth Edition, Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider Chapter 17 Chapter 17 The Final Challenge: Death and Dying.
Tutor: Monica Gracia. Understanding Attachment and Bonding Welcome and introductions Recap last session Outcomes of the session Body of the Session Session.
Psy 311: Attachment1 WHAT IS SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY? l Social development is learning – primary drives – secondary drives – reinforcement.
Attachment A deep and enduring connection established between a child and caregiver in the first several years of life.
CHILDREN’S REACTIONS TO DIVORCE Presented by Pupil Services Department Ruamrudee International School.
Psychosocial Development During the First Three Years Mira K. Putri, M.Si., Psikolog.
Psychology Introduction to course Needs Maslow Erikson Attachment.
How do we use relationships? Attachment dynamics between parents and teens Joanna Bettmann Schaefer, Ph.D, LCSW Research Director Re.
1 of 17 Carol K. Sigelman, Elizabeth A. Rider Life-Span Human Development, 4th Edition Chapter 17: The Final Challenge: Death and Dying Chapter 17 Death.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 6 Emotional and Social Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood This multimedia product.
DEVELOPMENT PSYCHOLOGY All life events are formative. All contribute to what we become, year by year, as we go on growing. As my friend, the poet Kenneth.
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University of St. Thomas EDUC5355 Chapter 6—Psychosocial Development Dr. Ann Weiss The University of St. Thomas The Young Child EDUC 5355.
Developmental Psychology Bretherton, I. (1993). Theoretical contributions from developmental psychology. In P. G. Boss, W. J. Doherty, R. LaRossa, W. R.
Coping Skills for Children of Drug Addicted and Mentally/Emotionally Challenged Parents 04/13/2016.
INFANT SOCIAL & EMOTIONAL DEV. Chapter 9. ATTACHMENT E. Erikson’s theory Security: feeling the world is a safe, predictable, nurturing place Necessary.
Attachment – Lesson ThreeThree PSYA1. Test Essay-based question “Discuss two explanations of attachment”. (16 marks)
Educational Theorists And Their Theories. Child Development Theory Explains how children develop: –Morally, socially, cognitively, physically, emotionally.
5-1 Chapter 5: Attachment Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent.
PSYCH 4040: Developmental Psychology Social and Emotional Development Nicole Lim ATTACHMENT THEORY.
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What is Relationship-Based Caregiving? Relationship-Based Caregiving involves positive and responsive interactions with the infant/toddlers in your care.
Chapter 5: Entering the Social World Socioemotional Development in Infancy and Early Childhood DEP 2004 Spring 2011.
Dying. Number of deaths for leading causes of death: 1. Heart disease: 616, Cancer: 562, Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 135, Chronic.
Death and Grieving How Children Cope Death is not easy to deal with for anyone. It is always difficult to accept, and requires a grieving process. People.
Attachment Disorders. INSECURE ATTACHMENT AND REACTIVE ATTACHMENT DISORDER (RAD) Confusing, frightening and isolating emotional experiences early in life.
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Emotional Development. Why do infants become attached to their caregivers? Behaviorists: drive reduction model –hunger basic drive –food primary reinforcer.
The Nature of Child’s Ties Cassidy, J. (1999). The nature of the child’s ties. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research,
Write down what you think is meant by the term Write down what you think is meant by the termATTACHMENT.
Chapter 3 Section 3. Children learn how to behave in their society from their parents, from other people around them, and from their own experiences.
Dr: Amir Abdel-Raouf El-Fiky.. IIt is the study of the growth and maturation of the individual over an extended span of time. CChild psychology: is.
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