Presentation on theme: "1800-1808 JEFFERSONIAN AMERICA. PERSONAL POLITICS IN THE AGE OF JEFFERSON."— Presentation transcript:
1800-1808 JEFFERSONIAN AMERICA
PERSONAL POLITICS IN THE AGE OF JEFFERSON
The Revolution of 1800 Shrink government Liberty, not power Encouraged Agriculture Strong state governments Reduce burdens govt. placed on people
Jefferson’s Monticello: The Jeffersonian Style
Jefferson: The Walking Contradiction? Residents of Monticello The vast majority of those living on Jefferson’s land were African American slaves.
Jefferson and Sally Hemings: Did it happen?
Personal Politics: The Burr/Hamilton Duel, 1804
JEFFERSON IN POWER
Jefferson and the Federalist Legacy Jefferson adopted a conciliatory approach Refused to enforce Sedition ActRepealed unpopular taxes Directed his Sec. of Treasury to erase Federalist debt Slashed the budget of Army and Navy
Jefferson’s Court Fight Jefferson and the Judiciary Act of 1801 Jefferson stops commissions of new judges Confrontation peaks with Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Marbury v. Madison and Judicial Review Dilemma: Should John Marshall confront the president Deny Marbury the Commission Give Marbury the Commission Acknowledge the validity of Marbury’s claim, but somehow avoid a showdown with Jefferson
Decision: Marshall stated that Marbury was entitled to commission, but could not order Madison to give it to Marbury because the court lacked jurisdiction because part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional Consequences: Ruling established the power of Judicial Review, the notion that courts can overturn laws it deems in violation of the Constitution
The Louisiana Purchase The West was essential to Jefferson’s vision for the nation 1803
AMERICAN AND A WORLD AT WAR
Tensions on the High Seas Americans react to impressment The Chesapeake Affair, 1807 Jefferson’s Embargo Act of 1807
Intercourse or Impartial Dealings Jefferson stands helpless, caught between King George and Napoleon.