Presentation on theme: "What’s the Fuss About? Visible Learning for All"— Presentation transcript:
1What’s the Fuss About? Visible Learning for All Based on the Research of John HattieWhat’s the Fuss About? Visible Learning for AllSue A. DavisTrish CarrollLeadership Consultants
2KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Please, with an elbow partner, discuss this statement and the questions related to it from your handout.Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?From page 154“The major reason for administering tests in classrooms is for teachers to find out what they taught well or not, who they taught well or not, and where they should focus next. If a test does not lead to a teacher evaluating these claims, it was probably a waste of everybody’s time and effort.”1.What are your reactions to this statement?2.How would you begin the discussion of this concept within your PLC?3. What are some ways teachers can weave more opportunities to give students feedback into their lessons?
3Characteristics of Highly Effective Teaching and Learning MOVING FORWARDSept. 2011KCASAssessment LiteracyCharacteristics of Highly Effective Teaching and LearningLeadershipStudent SuccessThe Four Pillars
4KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?Assessment Literacy – “the knowledge about how to assess what students know and can do, interpret the results of these assessments, and apply these results to improve student learning and program effectiveness.” (Webb, 2002)Assessment Literate Educators Possess these Skills:How to define clear learning goals.How to make use of a variety of assessment methods to gather evidence of student learning.How to analyze achievement data and make good inferences from the data gathered.How to provide appropriate feedback to students.How to make appropriate instructional modifications to help students improve.How to involve students in the assessment process, andHow to engineer an effective classroom assessment environment that boosts student motivation to learn.(SERVE Center, University of North Carolina, 2004)
8KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Teacher CredibilityRank 4 of 150Effect Size 0.9Classification High EffectSue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?Student perceptions of a given teacher’s strengths and weaknesses are consistent across the different groups of students they teach. Moreover, students seem to know effective teaching when they experience it: student perceptions in one class are related to the achievement gains in other classes taught by the same teacher. Most important are students’ perception of a teacher’s ability to control a classroom and to challenge students with rigorous work.MET Project: Measures of Effective Teaching, p.9.
9Care Control Clarify Challenge Captivate Confer Consolidate Student “C”What Students SayCMy teacher really tries to understand how students feel about things.Students in this class treat the teacher with respect. Our class stays busy and doesn’t waste time.My teacher explains topics in a variety of ways and makes difficult things clear.In this class, we learn a lot almost every day. We learn to correct our mistakes.My teacher makes lessons interesting. I like the ways we learn in this class.Students speak up and share their class work. My teacher respects my ideas and suggestions.My teacher checks to make sure we understand. Comments about my work help me to understand how to improve.CareControlClarifyChallengeCaptivateConferConsolidate
10KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?The Beliefs and Commitments of Expert Teachers—Five Attitudes1. Expert teachers identify …2. Expert teachers create …3. Expert teachers monitor …4. Expert teachers believe …5. Expert teachers influence…the most important ways in which to represent their subject.an optimal classroom climate for learning.learning and provide feedback.that all students can reach the success criteria.students’ surface AND deep understanding.
11KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?Above all, the expert teacher embraces the understanding that she/he has a tremendous impact on student learning.His/her behaviors influence learning.
12KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?We must use “Effect Size” as a Starting Point for Discussion rather than an End Point for Making Decisions. We cannot assume that the more we “implement” strategies that produce the highest effect sizes, the better students will learn. There appears to be conflicting information that gives us reason to be cautious.
13KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Teacher Subject Matter KnowledgeRank of 150Effect Size 0.09Classification Low EffectSue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?Back to Attitudes of Expert Teachers – they can identify the most important ways to represent their subject.In Visible Learning, it was shown that teachers’ subject-matter knowledge had little effect on the quality of student outcomes! The distinction is less the “amount” of knowledge and less the “pedagogical content knowledge”, but more about how teachers see the surface and the deeper understandings of the subjects that they teach. Expert teachers differ in how they organize and use their content knowledge. Experts possess knowledge that is more integrated in that they can combine the introduction of new subject knowledge with students’ prior knowledge; . . .Read from page 28.
14KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?HomeworkOn “lists of effect sizes,” homework has an effect size of d=0.29, tied with “Home Visiting” at 94th out of 150 influences. By reading further in the discussion, we learn these three things:First, homework was studied AS IT HAS HISTORICALLY BEEN ASSIGNED.Second, for high schools students, homework had an EFFECT SIZE OF .50.Third, for elementary school students, homework had an EFFECT SIZE OF –.08.Questions: Why would this be true? And, does this mean we should eliminate homework? BETTER STUDY HABITS SKILLS FOR OLDER KIDS, INAPPROPRIATE DEVELOPMENTALLY ….
15KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?We must use “Effect Size” as a Starting Point for Discussion rather than an End Point for Making Decisions. We cannot assume that the more we “implement” strategies that produce the highest effect sizes, the better students will learn. There is seemingly conflicting information
16Clarity of “Success Criteria” - Success criteria let students know when they have achieved the learning goal. They must include:CHALLENGE DEPENDS ON WHAT STUDENTS ALREADY KNOW, SO TEACHERS MUST KNOW STUDENT’S PRIOR LEVELS OF ACHIEVEMENT AND DISPOSITIONS. Not too difficult. Students need to know about 90 % of the task.COMMITMENT FROM STUDENTS OFTEN OCCURS WHEN TEACHERS CREATE CHALLENGING LESSONS. This is a critical part of teacher planning.CONFIDENCE—STUDENTS MUST FEEL THEY CAN ACHIEVE THE LEARNING GOAL.“HIGH EXPECTATIONS” HAS THE HIGHEST OF ALL EFFECT SIZES. Students have reasonably accurate understandings of their levels of achievement.CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING—STUDENTS NEED TO DEVELOP SURFACE, DEEP AND CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDINGS, SO ALL 3 LEVELS SHOULD BE INTEGRATED.
17KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Levels of Understanding Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?Examples of surface, deep and conceptual levels of thinking (p. 55)Levels of UnderstandingLearning IntentionsSuccess CriteriaUni/Multi- structuralRecognize that light/sound are forms of energy and have propertiesI can name one or more properties of light and soundRelationalKnow that sound/light can be transformed into other forms of energy.I can explain how light/sound is transformed into other types of energy.Extended AbstractUnderstand how light/sound allows us to communicate.I can discuss how light/sound enables us to communicate.
18KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish Carrollandp. 45KAAC What’s the Fuss About?Self-efficacy is the confidence or strength of belief that we have in ourselves that we can make our learning happen.Highself-efficacySees hard tasks as challenges rather than tries to avoid them.Sees failures as chances to learn and to make a greater effort or to look for new information next time.LowIs more likely to avoid difficult tasks, which are viewed as personal threats.Has low or weak commitment to goals.Sees failures as chances to dwell on personal deficiencies, obstacles encountered or to deny personal agency.Is slow to recover a sense of confidence.
19KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandDefinitions and examples for teachers to consider in understanding students as they prepare their lessons.KAAC What’s the Fuss About?Page 46 Self-handicappingPage 47 Self-motivationPage 47 Types of Student Goals: Master, Performance, SocialPage Social Goals: Approach / AvoidancePage 48 Self-dependencePage 49 Self-discounting and distortionPage 49 Self-perfectionismPage 50 HopelessnessPage 51 Social comparison
20KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?HopelessnessRefers to …The student expecting that achievement gains will not occur for him or her and that he or she is helpless to change the situation.Occurs when…The student avoids and does not engage in achievement tasks.The student protects his or her sense of self by gaining reputation or success from other activities (i.e., naughty behaviors)The student does not see that achievement gains are due to his or her actions or in his or her control.The student learns to devalue school learning.Contexts are harsh, overly demanding or punitive.
21KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?Part of the climate of the classroom is affected by the climate of the school community. In one particularly interesting study of the ramifications of trust, it was found that the higher the level of relational trust among the school community—principals, teachers, students and parents — the greater the student improvement on standardized tests. In such an environment, not only are errors tolerated, but they are welcomed and understood as a vital part of the learning process. Together climate and trust are necessary for students to gain the most from making errors and to maximize their learning.
22KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?Making it “okay” to make mistakes and using them as springboards to better, higher learning, teachers communicate a valuable lesson about life in general. By not expecting perfection the first time every time, the teacher reinforces the notion that we can grow smarter, better, and more capable.
23KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?Learning requires two major skills:ConcentrationDeliberate Practice
24KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Deliberate Practice . . .Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?… must be designed to improve performance. . . (Opportunities for practice must have a goal & evaluation criteria);… must be based on authentic tasks . . . (The practice must use real work and be performed in context);… must be challenging . . . (The tasks selected for practice must be slightly outside the learners comfort zone, but not so far out as to produce anxiety or panic);… must have immediate feedback on results . . .(Diagnostic feedback must be rapid and continuous), and… must include reflection and adjustment . . . (Feedback requires reflection and analysis to inform behavior change).(10,000 hours. For complex work, ten years seems to be the necessary investment of deliberate practice to achieve expertise. Malcolm Gladwell drew attention to the 10,000 hour rule in his book Outliers).
25KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Feedback . . .Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?Three Feedback Questions:1. Where am I going?2. How will I get there?3. Where do I go next?Three Feedback Levels:1. Task or Product Level2. Process Level3. Self Regulation Level Teachers and students ask these questions of themselves and each other – separately and together.How does it “look?”Did I do the right things?How do I think I did and what can I do now?
26KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish Carrolland“Give dollops and dollops of feedback,” says Hattie about the most effective teacher activity for student learning.KAAC What’s the Fuss About?Feedback Advice –* Don’t mix praise with feedback.* Rapid formative assessment is more effective than a longer school day, more rigorous math classes, class-size reduction and 19 other influences and is the MOST COST EFFECTIVE.
27KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandTeacher Collaboration...KAAC What’s the Fuss About?The most successful method Hattie encountered for this collaboration is the “DATA TEAMS” MODEL IN WHICH SMALL TEAMS OF TEACHERS MEET EVERY TWO TO THREE WEEKS AND FOLLOW A SPECIFIC STRUCTURE TO EXAMINE STUDENT DATA, SET INCREMENTAL GOALS, ENGAGE IN DISCUSSION ABOUT GOALS AND IMPROVING INSTRUCTION AND CREATE A PLAN TO MONITOR LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION AND THEN REPEAT THE CYCLE. IT IS NOT IMPORTANT EXACTLY WHAT FORM THESE TEAMS TAKE—WHETHER THEY ARE PLC's OR NOT. WHAT IS IMPORTANT IS THAT TEACHERS ARE OPEN TO LOOKING AT EVIDENCE OF THEIR IMPACT ON STUDENTS AND CRITIQUING EACH OTHER’S IMPACT TO BETTER MEET THE NEEDS OF STUDENTS.
28KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?Important “Take Away’s” from this Session …Effect Size is a starting point for discussion, not an end point for decision-making.Students know who the most credible teachers are.Expert teachers have rigorous beliefs about themselves and what they can do for student learning.Teachers must establish and then communicate the success criteria for any lesson.Self-efficacy can make, or the lack of it can break, student learning.Learning requires concentration and deliberate practice.Teachers need to give “dollops and dollops” of feedback.School leaders must provide time for teacher collaboration.
29KAAC What’s the Fuss About? Sue A. DavisTrish CarrollandKAAC What’s the Fuss About?“By changing nothing, nothing changes.”Celestine Chua