Presentation on theme: "Julius Caesar. Biography Gaius Julius Caesar Politician, dictator, military leader, orator, writer 1oo B.C.- 44 B.C. (assassinated) Married 3 times."— Presentation transcript:
Biography Gaius Julius Caesar Politician, dictator, military leader, orator, writer 1oo B.C.- 44 B.C. (assassinated) Married 3 times. Cornelia Pompeia Calpurnia (wife in Julius Caesar ) Named pontifex at Rome in 73 B.C. Wanted change Continued to gain power and popularity
Biography Cont. Established first Triumvirate along with Crassus and Pompey Success in Gallic War solidified his strength Caesar’s daughter Julia married Pompey in 59 B.C. Julia died in 54 B.C. Pompey and Caesar grew apart Pompey and Caesar engaged in a civil war---Caesar won (47 B.C.) Veni, vidi, vici, (I came, I saw, I conquered) Caesar was awarded dictatorship for life in 44 B.C. Assassinated in the Senate at the foot of Pompey’s statue Caesar was succeeded by his adopted son Octavius who became Emperor Augustus Caesar.
Fun Caesar Facts The name Caesar lead to the terms Kaiser German Tsar Russian Caesarean birth supposedly the way Caesar was born There were six rulers in in the Julio-Claudian dynasty that used the title “Caesar”
Tragedy & Theatre Greek and Shakespearean Similarities Exposition: actors to give description of setting and background Both provide gaps between scenes in order to create breaks or comic relief within a tragedy. Both question the nature of man’s destiny in the universe. Both show that heroism means to accept the pain and hostility of life with dignity. Both use external forces to control or manipulate the characters
Theatre & Tragedy Greek Uses chorus to introduce exposition. Single theme and plot Fewer characters (and actors). Characters had to be individuals of “great” importance. Performed at religious festivals in outdoor amphitheaters Used masks and elaborate costumes Playwrights were well-respected public officials Shakespearean Uses the actors to introduce exposition. Multiple storylines and themes Much larger cast of characters; more actors were on stage at time. Shakespeare used characters from all walks of life. Performed on smaller stages and courtyards. Commercial entertainment. Rarely used masks; mostly used wigs and costumes. Playwrights’ reputations and status among high society was precarious. Seen as anti-establishment.
Tragic Hero Greek The tragic hero’s fate is determined by the gods. Man is helpless against the divine power of the gods. Tragic flaw: pride or arrogance In order to reach catharsis, tragic heroes can be exiled, die, or accept a life of eternal misery. Shakespearean The tragic hero takes responsibility for the choices that lead to his fate/ruin Sometimes supernatural forces are at play. Macbeth Julius Caesar Othello Tragic flaw: various possibilities Jealousy Vengeance Ambition The only acceptable way a Shakespearean tragic hero can reach catharsis is through death.