Presentation on theme: "Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and Others. He and Freud were friends once. Disagreed with Freud on two major points: He had a more positive view of human."— Presentation transcript:
Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and Others
He and Freud were friends once. Disagreed with Freud on two major points: He had a more positive view of human nature. Distinguished between Personal unconscious and Collective unconscious. Personal: similar to Freud’s idea of the unconscious. Collective: storehouse of instincts, urges, and memories of the entire human species throughout history. Archetypes: inherited, universal ideas.
Jung identified by studying dreams, and visions, paintings, poetry, myths, and religions. Cultures share many in common. Jack and Jill (David and Goliath). Help to build the foundation of our personalities. Self: an archetype that gives us direction and provides a sense of completeness.
Driving force was a desire to overcome feelings of inferiority. Demosthenes: overcame a speech impediment by practicing speaking with pebbles in his mouth and became the greatest orator of ancient Greece. Napoleon: a short man who conquered Europe in the early 1800s. Glenn Cunningham: an Olympic runner who, as a child, lost his toes in a fire and had to plead with doctors not to amputate his legs.
Inferiority Complex: a pattern of avoiding feelings of inadequacy rather than trying to overcome their source. Lifestyles: pattern of overcoming inadequacies. Parents influence the styles of life their children choose. Overpampering vs. neglect. Ideally, a child should learn self-reliance and courage from the father and generosity and feeling for others from the mother. (Adler)
Basic anxiety A child feels this because she is helpless. Basic hostility A resentment on one’s parents. Disagreed with Freud: She believed that if a child was raised with love and security, that child could avoid psychosexual parent-child conflict that Freud described.