Presentation on theme: "No warm-up today. Instead, we will have a cool- down. Before we do so, take notes on the following information and title your notes “Types of Persuasion–"— Presentation transcript:
No warm-up today. Instead, we will have a cool- down. Before we do so, take notes on the following information and title your notes “Types of Persuasion– “Ethos, Pathos and Logos.” *You will need these notes for something later…
Teacher Appreciation Day! Drop off any late work from April on my desk before class. HOMEWORK: Read to the end of Chapter Three! Possible reading quiz tomorrow! HOMEWORK: Complete your first symbol and point of view journal from Chapter Two. It is important to stay on top of this, to not fall behind!
Reading 3.7 Recognize and understand the significance of various literary devices, including figurative language, imagery, allegory, and symbolism, and explain their appeal. Reading 3.9 Explain how voice, persona, and the choice of a narrator affect characterization and the tone, plot, and credibility of a text.
According to Aristotle, when persuading others to think/do something, there are three different methods that are used: Ethos Pathos Logos A good persuasion/argument uses all three of these methods, but often, only one is used, depending on the writer.
Why does logos work? When the speaker is able to back up what they say with facts and statistics, the argument is made stronger. When a speaker is able to logically prove the rationality behind an idea or action, it is much more difficult to refuse to accept.
Example of logos: There are not many school days left in the semester. One of the only assignments that will be able to improve your grade in this class before the semester ends are your Symbol and Point of View journals. These assignments will count for 50% of your grade for this book. Thus, if you want to improve your semester grade, you want to work very hard on your journal assignments.
Pathos is persuasion that appeals to the emotions.
Why does pathos work? An appeal to pathos causes an audience not just to respond emotionally but to identify with the writer's point of view--to feel what the writer feels. Pathos is often created through narrative or story, which can turn the intangible ideas of logic into something tangible and understandable.
Example of pathos: There are some children in the world who do not have access to education. In some of the poorest countries in the world, poor, helpless children would make great sacrifices in order to receive an education, in hopes of improving their lives. Since you have access to free, quality education, you should take full advantage of it and make learning a priority. Thus, you should do your Lord of the Flies homework.
Ethos is persuasion based on the authority/credibility of the speaker’s character, or based on the authority of others whom the speaker cites.
Why does ethos work? We tend to believe people whom we respect. We have more trust in the words of those who prove that they are trustworthy– by his or her expertise in the field, his or her previous record or integrity, and so forth. This is why it is necessary to get letters of recommendation when applying for jobs, colleges, etc.
Example of Ethos: Throughout high school and college, I made learning my top priority and made sure to complete all of my homework assignments on time and to the best of my ability. This not only allowed me to receive honors in high school and to maintain a 4.0 GPA throughout college, but it made me an economically successful human being and one who is fully capable of participating in challenging academic discussions (inside or outside of a classroom setting). Thus, I am urging you to make your education a priority and to complete your homework to further your own success.
Cool-down: First, read through the sample arguments that I have provided you with and write whether each argument is using ethos, pathos or logos and WHY. Next, come up with your own example of ethos, pathos, and logos. You argument should persuade your audience of the following: whether or not students should be able to wear flip-flops at school.