Presentation on theme: "Dependent Personality Disorder Denzel Smith Psychology Period, 6."— Presentation transcript:
Dependent Personality Disorder Denzel Smith Psychology Period, 6
Dependent Personality Disorder Individuals with dependent personality disorder use their submissive and clinging behavior toward others to elicit care, depending on them for initiative, reassurance, decision making, and advice. (DSM IV-TR) Basically the need to be taken care of or to depend others to set their major goals.
Associated Features DSM IV-TR criteria A pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following: (1) has difficulty making everyday decisions without an excessive amount of advice and reassurance from others. (2) needs others to assume responsibility for most major areas of his or her life. (3) has difficulty expressing disagreement with others because of fear of loss of support or approval. Note: Do not include realistic fears of retribution.
Associated Features (4) has difficulty initiating projects or doing things on his or her own (because of a lack of self-confidence in judgment or abilities rather than a lack of motivation or energy). (5) goes to excessive lengths to obtain nurturance and support from others, to the point of volunteering to do things that are unpleasant. (6) feels uncomfortable or helpless when alone because of exaggerated fears of being unable to care for himself or herself. (7) urgently seeks another relationship as a source of care and support when a close relationship ends. (8) is unrealistically preoccupied with fears of being left to take care of himself or herself.
Associated Features Seeks overprotection and dominance from others. Takes criticism as proof of their worthlessness and lose faith in them selves. Also has difficulty doing things on their own, because they lack self confidence. Feels uncomfortable or helpless when alone because they fear being unable to take care of them selves.
Etiology Biological People with DPD appear to have a biological, inborn temperament, sometimes referred to as harm avoidance, that is characterized by a tendency to worry about the outcome of a variety of situations that many others take for granted. Family & Social Environment Sexually humiliated by others in their development years. Caretakers reject attempts the child makes towards independence. Result of over involvement of caretakers.
Prevalence Rarely diagnosed in children or adolescents. Showed in women and men, but women are most common. American society reward dependent behavior in women but punish the same behavior in men, social pressures may contribute to the fact females appear to have it more. 9.1% 0f the United States population(1 in every 11) meet the DSM IV-TR criteria for dependent personality disorder.
Treatment Psychotherapy is considered to be the most effective treatment for gradually helping people with this condition make more independent choices in life. Helps person be more active and independent. Learn to form healthy relationships. Assertiveness training, builds self confidence. However, while helping a client, the therapist avoids becoming an authority figure to the client.
Treatment Anti-anxiety agents Anti depressants
Prognosis Improvements for DPD are usually seen in long term therapy. People with DPD commonly turn to alcohol and drugs, which eventually leads to abuse. People with DPD and do drugs or alcohol depend on them. Depression
Discussion Is it possible to overcome dependent personality disorder in a short term period of time? How common are personality disorders worldwide?