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Sustainable Management of Globally Important Ingenious Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) PARVIZ KOOHAFKAN,

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Presentation on theme: "Sustainable Management of Globally Important Ingenious Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) PARVIZ KOOHAFKAN,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sustainable Management of Globally Important Ingenious Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) PARVIZ KOOHAFKAN,

2 GIAHS: Heritage for the future  Integrated Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery systems  Result of co-adaptation and co-evolution of plants, animals, humans and landscape under specific environmental circumstances  Managed through highly adapted social and cultural practices and institutions  Provide food and livelihood security and social, cultural and ecosystem services  Important at local, national and global levels  They are under threat Definition : Remarkable Land Use Systems and landscapes which are rich in biological diversity evolving from the ingenious and dynamic adaptation of a community/population to its environment and the needs and aspirations for sustainable development (FAO, 2002)

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4 GIAHS are important for their contribution to: Food security, health and nutrition of many poor, helpless and isolated peopleFood security, health and nutrition of many poor, helpless and isolated people Human kind and its Agri- ”cultural” diversityHuman kind and its Agri- ”cultural” diversity Biodiversity and genetic resourcesBiodiversity and genetic resources Agro-ecosystem and landscape diversityAgro-ecosystem and landscape diversity Ecosystem services through functional diversityEcosystem services through functional diversity Products and services diversityProducts and services diversity Collective and individual Knowledge systemsCollective and individual Knowledge systems Resilience and adaptive capacity to changesResilience and adaptive capacity to changes

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6 THEY ARE UNDER THREAT BCAUSE OF: Inappropriate policy, legal and incentive environments Neglect of diversified systems and local knowledge Low priority given to in situ conservation Low community involvement in decision making Population pressure and cultural change

7 Examples: Rice based traditional farming systems Maize and root crop based agro-ecosystems Taro based systems Pastoral transhumant and nomadic systems Ingenious irrigation and soil and water management systems of drylands (oasis and qanat) Multi-layered home gardens and agro-forestry system

8 NUMEROUS EXAMPLES OF GIAHS EXISTS ACROSS THE WORLD Japan Philippines Indonesia Madagascar Peru

9 The overall objective of the GIAHS Partnership is to establish the basis for the global and national recognition, dynamic conservation and sustainable management of agricultural heritage systems and their associated biodiversity, knowledge systems and cultures

10 HOW ?  At Global level by identification and selection/recognition and creation of World Agricultural Heritage category  At National level by capacity building in policy, regulatory and incentive mechanisms to safeguard these outstanding systems and use them as sustainability bench mark systems  At Local Level by empowerment of local communities and technical assistance for sustainable resource management, promoting traditional knowledge and enhancing viability of these systems

11 Partners GOVERNMENTS, INDIGENOUS NETWORKS NGOS AND PRIVATE SECTOR FAO, UNDP, GEF, UNEP, IFAD, UNESCO, ICCROM IUCN, IPGRI and ISNAR (& other CGIAR), UNU/PLEC, GTZ, COMPAS; ILEIA; IAC FAO-Contact: &

12 GIAHS is not about the past but the future

13 GIAHS IS BASED ON THE FIVE ASSETS OF RURAL SYSTEMS Financial Capital: money, savings Natural Capital: nature’s goods and services (waste assimilation, pollination, storm protection, water supply, leisure, wildlife) Social Capital : cohesiveness of people and societies - trust, reciprocity, rules and norms, networks and institutions Physical Capital : infrastructure Human Capital: the status of individuals - health, skills, knowledge

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17 Provide best-farmer practices for dissemination to other farmers and areas Provide detailed local knowledge on productive resources and environment (soils, rainfall conditions, etc) Provide locally adapted varieties Provide criteria for technology development (local goals and priorities, gender preferences, etc) Provide basis for testing new technologies and their goodness-of-fit to local systems and circumstances. Provide leads for identifying other opportunities for technology development GIAHS APPROACH

18 GIAHS DEVELOPMENT GOALS: Improving understanding of agriculture systems in their environmental, socio-economic policy and cultural dimensions Improving understanding of agriculture systems in their environmental, socio-economic policy and cultural dimensions Generating increased recognition of the global significance of agricultural systems Generating increased recognition of the global significance of agricultural systems Building the capacity of national and local institutions and providing support to promote dynamic conservation and sustained viability Building the capacity of national and local institutions and providing support to promote dynamic conservation and sustained viability Conservation and sustainable use and, rehabilitation of agricultural biodiversity and genetic patrimony, ecosystem services and landscape diversity Conservation and sustainable use and, rehabilitation of agricultural biodiversity and genetic patrimony, ecosystem services and landscape diversity Recognition and safeguarding and of the resilience provided by the combination of knowledge systems and social organisation Recognition and safeguarding and of the resilience provided by the combination of knowledge systems and social organisation Mitigating threats of degradation and root causes of dysfunction and enhancing environmental and socio-economic benefits at local and global levels and; Mitigating threats of degradation and root causes of dysfunction and enhancing environmental and socio-economic benefits at local and global levels and; Adding economic, environmental and cultural value to products, artefacts and knowledge systems of GIAHS by supportive policies and incentives for their sustainability Adding economic, environmental and cultural value to products, artefacts and knowledge systems of GIAHS by supportive policies and incentives for their sustainability

19 What are the best options for the poorest? Which work best for the poorest Which work best for the poorest great success in past… but still 790 million people are food poor great success in past… but still 790 million people are food poor Key questions: Key questions: – to what extent can farmers improve food production with low-cost and locally-available technologies and inputs? – What impacts do these methods have on environmental goods and services, and the livelihoods of people relying on them? GIAHS and POVERTY REDUCTION:

20 Biodiversity can be seen a a “life insurance policy for life itself” - Something specially needed in this time of fast-paced global change.

21 Thank you


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