Presentation on theme: "Sustainable Management of Globally Important Ingenious Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) PARVIZ KOOHAFKAN,"— Presentation transcript:
1Sustainable Management of Globally Important Ingenious Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) PARVIZ KOOHAFKAN,
2GIAHS: Heritage for the future Definition :Remarkable Land Use Systems and landscapes which are rich in biological diversity evolving from the ingenious and dynamic adaptation of a community/population to its environment and the needs and aspirations for sustainable development (FAO, 2002)Integrated Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery systemsResult of co-adaptation and co-evolution of plants, animals, humans and landscape under specific environmental circumstancesManaged through highly adapted social and cultural practices and institutionsProvide food and livelihood security and social, cultural and ecosystem servicesImportant at local, national and global levelsThey are under threat
4GIAHS are important for their contribution to: Food security, health and nutrition of many poor, helpless and isolated peopleHuman kind and its Agri-”cultural” diversityBiodiversity and genetic resourcesAgro-ecosystem and landscape diversityEcosystem services through functional diversityProducts and services diversityCollective and individual Knowledge systemsResilience and adaptive capacity to changes
6THEY ARE UNDER THREAT BCAUSE OF: Inappropriate policy, legal and incentive environmentsNeglect of diversified systems and local knowledgeLow priority given to in situ conservationLow community involvement in decision makingPopulation pressure and cultural change
7Examples:Rice based traditional farming systemsMaize and root crop based agro-ecosystemsTaro based systemsPastoral transhumant and nomadic systemsIngenious irrigation and soil and water management systems of drylands (oasis and qanat)Multi-layered home gardens and agro-forestry system
8NUMEROUS EXAMPLES OF GIAHS EXISTS ACROSS THE WORLD JapanPeruPhilippinesMadagascarIndonesia
9The overall objective of the GIAHS Partnership is to establish the basis for the global and national recognition, dynamic conservation and sustainable management of agricultural heritage systems and their associated biodiversity, knowledge systems and cultures
10HOW ?At Global levelby identification and selection/recognition and creation of World Agricultural Heritage categoryAt National levelby capacity building in policy, regulatory and incentive mechanisms to safeguard these outstanding systems and use them as sustainability bench mark systemsAt Local Levelby empowerment of local communities and technical assistance for sustainable resource management, promoting traditional knowledge and enhancing viability of these systemsHOW ?
11Partners Www.Fao.Org/landandwater/giahs GOVERNMENTS, INDIGENOUS NETWORKSNGOS AND PRIVATE SECTORFAO, UNDP, GEF, UNEP, IFAD, UNESCO, ICCROMIUCN, IPGRI and ISNAR (& other CGIAR), UNU/PLEC, GTZ, COMPAS; ILEIA; IACFAO-Contact: &
13GIAHS IS BASED ON THE FIVE ASSETS OF RURAL SYSTEMS Natural Capital:nature’s goods and services(waste assimilation, pollination, storm protection, water supply, leisure, wildlife)Human Capital:the status of individuals -health, skills, knowledgeSocial Capital:cohesiveness of peopleand societies -trust, reciprocity,rules and norms,networks and institutionsFinancial Capital:money, savingsPhysical Capital:infrastructure
17GIAHS APPROACHProvide best-farmer practices for dissemination to other farmers and areasProvide detailed local knowledge on productive resources and environment (soils, rainfall conditions, etc)Provide locally adapted varietiesProvide criteria for technology development (local goals and priorities, gender preferences, etc)Provide basis for testing new technologies and their goodness-of-fit to local systems and circumstances.Provide leads for identifying other opportunities for technology development
18GIAHS DEVELOPMENT GOALS: Improving understanding of agriculture systems in their environmental, socio-economic policy and cultural dimensionsGenerating increased recognition of the global significance of agricultural systemsBuilding the capacity of national and local institutions and providing support to promote dynamic conservation and sustained viabilityConservation and sustainable use and, rehabilitation of agricultural biodiversity and genetic patrimony, ecosystem services and landscape diversityRecognition and safeguarding and of the resilience provided by the combination of knowledge systems and social organisationMitigating threats of degradation and root causes of dysfunction and enhancing environmental and socio-economic benefits at local and global levels and;Adding economic, environmental and cultural value to products, artefacts and knowledge systems of GIAHS by supportive policies and incentives for their sustainability
19What are the best options for the poorest? GIAHS and POVERTY REDUCTION:What are the best options for the poorest?Which work best for the poorestgreat success in past… but still 790 million people are food poorKey questions:to what extent can farmers improve food production with low-cost and locally-available technologies and inputs?What impacts do these methods have on environmental goods and services, and the livelihoods of people relying on them?
20Biodiversity can be seen a a “life insurance policy for life itself” - Something specially needed in this time of fast-paced global change.