Presentation on theme: "Some Facts about Finland"— Presentation transcript:
1Some Facts about Finland MEP (Multidiciplinary European Program) March 2011, France, LilleMarjut Heiskanen, Laura Krekula, Sanna Leppälä, Henna Muotka, Ninni-Ingrid Nurmos, Jaakko Tuomi
2Finland is situated between Sweden and Russia Population: 5.4 millionCapital: HelsinkiCurrency unit: EuroTotal area km²Municipalities: 342Unemployment rate, 8.2 % (Population aged 15–24 the unemployment rate is % )
3Population by age, % in Finland 1995-2020 (National Institute for Health and Welfare, 2010)
5The Finnish Social Protection System: the principle of universality (the right of all to a basic level of social protection regardless of where they live, their profession or economic position)earnings-related benefits for employed personsa strong public sectora system based on tax funding and contributions (Rate of taxation 2008, % of GDP 42.8)equal treatment (also for the elderly or ageing people)
7Health policy The number of elderly men has grown and keeps on going The objective for Health policy is to maintaingood healthensure that an independent life can continue as long as possible
8Positive change the conditions of living have improved education levels have increasedthe general life styles have become healthieravailability of healthcare services has expandedtreatment and education methods have advancedpeople have started to prevent and discover sicknesses earlier
9Negative change The number of sanity disorders, allergies, asthma, diabetes, breast and lung canceramong women and prostate cancer amongmen has increasedThe most common risk factors areoverweightlack of physical exercisesmoking
10Medical care All residents in Finland are entitled to health care and medical treatment“The health care guarantee”Municipalities have to care for major part ofthe health services.Health promotions are aimed at preventiveactions to improve population health andwelfare
11Socioeconomic difference in health The differences between socioeconomic groups have steepenedPopulation in Western and Northern Finland are more morbid than in East and South of FinlandEducated and wealthy pensioners have a longer life expectancy and better health and functional capacity than pensioners from the other groups
12Welfare technologyThe number of nurses can ´t keep up with the number of patientsThe technology will help in both treatingdiseases and promoting healthHealthcare technology tries to find solutionsto how welfare can be increased throughtechnology
13The most characteristics diseases among elderly people
14The Challenge Typical vs. minor and untypical symptoms and signs Syndromes might become hard to identify This is a normal phenomena that involves all elderly peopleThe aging process is unique for individuals, but the diversity among them is increasing
15Problem & Solution The aging population is a challenge for the health care system. In the long term theemerging diseases and other characteristicsof the elderly health care will grow andbecome even bigger challenge Solution for the problem above is an increase of specialized healthcare personnel such as nurses and doctors?
16Psychological Aspects of Aging Ninni-Ingrid Nurmos
17Psychological aspects of aging When people are getting older, they have to forgo several things and habits in their life.This may change person´s self image.In these kinds of situations person may feel that he cannot control his life and that his life is now meaningless.
18Psychological aspects of aging Different mental disorders are relatively common among elderly people.Moreover elderly people suffer different mental problems concerning somatic diseases.In Finland 21 % of women and 14 % of men over 65 years old have some kind of mental disorder.However, only 10 % of Finnish people over 65 years old are patients in mental health care.
19Psychological aspects of aging Depression is one of the most central mental disorders of elderly people.Estimating 15-22% of Finnish men and % of Finnish women over 65 years old suffer from mild depression.Risk factors are female gender, previous depression terms, depression appearing in family, other disorders, loneliness, lack of social support and economical problems.Depression may appear as disregard, apathy, lack of interest, problems to live normal life and survive daily functions, irritability, helplessness, being weepy, having regrets and self-destruction thoughts.
20Psychological aspects of aging Every second day some Finnish senior commits suicide.The most common reason for that is depression.Usually Finnish senior has contacted health care before committing suicide but he has not told about his intensions.
21Psychological aspects of aging Substance abuse, especially use of alcohol and prescription drugs, among older people is increasing in Finland.In Finland the use of mental drugs is relatively common among elderly people. Usually the drug is for some symptom or symptoms and the person is not having any diagnostic mental disorder.
22Psychological aspects of aging The amount of the different mental and cognitive disorders is growing in Finland because of the strong change of the age-composition.Luckily the prognosis in these disorders is as good as in other ages as long as therapeutics is professional.The problem is getting elderly people to take a contact to health care and get this contact long-termed. Mental problems of elderly people should be seen as serious as younger people.
24Social Aspects of Ageing Social relations, social support and social activity are connected to elderly physical and mental functioningGood social relations help old people to cope with the different losses in life and help to adapt to diseases.
25Loneliness in FinlandEvery third old person in Finland feels loneliness!Too often in Finland old person lives home alone without family and friend nearElderly often live far away from their children so it might be that they don’t have anyone who can take care of them and who visit themThe distances are long in Finland, especially in the countryside, so it can be difficult for elderly to visit friends and relatives.
26Is there anything we can do to help elderly who feels themselves lonely? Voluntary work, which means that volunteers can be friends with elderly.Day activity for elderly. Day activity includes for example discussion, singing together, occupation and outdoors activities.
27GrandparenthoodIn Finland increasingly rare grandparents live with their grandchildrenIn recent decades the role of grandparent has been highlighted againGrandparents` satisfaction with life increases when they have possibility to meet their grandchildren often and do things together with them
29Situation In FinlandIn Finland, the signs of ageing have been substantial for many years.In 60 years age structures in Finland have turned upside down: before the wars and during them the ten-children-families were not a specialty.Agricultural culture conditions under big child-flocks were thought to bring the so-called labor force to replace the family and they were supposed to do the economy works, then when the parents no longer existed.Another reason for large child-flocks, of course, could also be a lack of knowledge of contraception.
30…ContinuesIn many, especially in Southern European countries, the grandparents are exactly the same way as the family of their own sisters and parents.Often when the grandparents entry into old age, and become more helpless they are taken up residence in the same household with children and grandchildren.In Finland, this is quite rare: the grandparents are encouraged to be doing at home as long as possible and for many people the idea of elderly home is even scary.
31Assistance From Culture? Thousands of years have been believed that art has a power of healing. Even during the ancient art of used as a tool of therapy, such as the flute music was thought to heal from depression, theater performances generated a strong emotional charge out neuroses.Recent clinical trials verify this belief. Cultural activities and the arts seem to be really important and a positive impact on human health.
32Cultural Problems Of Ageing Depression unwillingness for participating different kind of cultural situtationsIsolationSelf-esteem –problemsOccupancy problems old people’s homes carrying capacitiesLoneliness
33Solutions To Problems More social activities to the senior citizens ConcertsMuseum exhibitionsTheatre as a hobbyBetter home services
35Economic Aspects of Ageing Ageing effects on the economic growth and labor supplyIn Finland the ageing labor force and large generation retirement will increase from year 2010.Pension age will increase in proportion to the number of people of working age dramatically in the first half of this millennium.
36Ageing of public spending rises causes high demands on the management of public finances. This in turn leads to tighter labor income taxation.Ageing of the population affects the economy, above all, the labor market and public finances carried out by intergenerational transfers through.
37The effects of social spending Social expenditure as a proportion of the total value of production will rise significantly in the next twenty years.Social expenditure growth depends primarily on the growth of pension expenditures as well as social and health needs of growth. Social expenditure growth in the financial means increase of the total tax rate .
38Age dependent cost population ageing will have the fastest and strongest impact in the pension expenditurePension expenditure will also increase the life expectancy.Retirement age increase in the number of working age, and it causes higher tax expenses in the future.
39The effects in regional differences of ageing people In rural areas and small municipalities, retirement age and the elderly proportion of the population is much bigger than in cities.Ageing may move to provide better services and for their children after towns and growth centers if the supply of services in country areas can not be secured.Finland winning migratory areas have recently found only in the Helsinki region and its immediate surroundings,
41Ageing society and increasing share of pensioners Ageing is considered to be a significant political and economic challengeThe baby boom generation Number of pensioners will increase Lack of work powerIt may push the economic growth down to 1 per cent
42Aspects of labour Ageing affects to everyone: Individuals Enterprises and organizationsThe entire society
44Enterprises and Organizations Problem/possibility-productivity-competitiveness-absence from work-unwillingness to change-work community-working environment-supply of labour
45The Society Problem/possibility -work- and pensionable attitudes -ageism-retirement age-disability to work-maintenance relations-pension expenditures-expenditures of the health care
46Solution Age Management Age management is needed in different stages of decision-making so that labour-, educational- and retirement policies would support the employment opportunities of the ageing peopleGood Age Management ensures the passage of the tac-it knowledge from generation to next