2Siddhartha GautamaThere is much debate about the birth year of Siddhartha Gautama.Some put the date around 624 BCSome religious historians put the date between 567 and 487 BCMore modern scholars place his birth between 502 and 420 BCIn short, no one really knows
3Siddhartha GautamaSiddhartha was probably born in Kalinga (now Orissa) in India.
4Siddhartha Gautama Siddhartha was born a member of the Śãkyas clan. His father, Suddhodana, was king of the clanHis mother’s name was MayaSiddhartha was sometimes known as Śãkyamuni, which means “Sage of the Śãkyas.”He was born into the Kshatriya caste, the second highest level of the caste system.
5Siddhartha GautamaIt was assumed that Siddhartha would follow in his father’s role as king of the clan.Siddhartha’s family was Hindu.Astrologers predicted that he would be either a universal king or a great religious leader.He was raised in luxury in the hope that he would choose the richness of life as a king.
6Siddhartha Gautama At 16, Siddhartha was married to Yaśodharã. When Siddhartha was 29, the couple had a son named RãhulaAt this point, Siddhartha took four journeys (some say these were, instead, four visions).
7Siddhartha Gautama The four visions … Siddhartha was deeply disturbed on seeing a helpless, frail old manHe saw a depressed man suffering from diseaseHe saw a grieving family carrying the body of a dead family memberHe saw a serene man, an ascetic, leading a reclusive life of meditation
8Siddhartha Gautama Making a choice Siddhartha chose to follow the path of meditation and poverty to find a solution to human sufferingHe left the luxuries of his home life, his wife and son, and the promise of leadership in his clan.Siddhartha adopted the life of a wandering ascetic.
9Siddhartha Gautama Things didn’t work out at first. He tried meditation under two different teachers.He was not satisfied, as he had to stop meditation without any solutions to the problems of suffering and death.
10Siddhartha Gautama Things didn’t work out at first. He joined a group of Brahmanists in the forest.He practiced breath control and intense fasting for six years.He was often at the brink of death.He decided that neither extreme would bring him any closer to his goals.
11Siddhartha Gautama Siddhartha’s realization He chose to seek a middle path for solutions.He realized that moderation and meditation would most likely lead him to the answers he sought.
12Siddhartha Gautama Sitting under the Bodhi tree Siddhartha, at the age of 35, sat under a tree and started meditating.During his first night, he saw all of his previous incarnations.In the second night, he saw how good or bad deeds led to their subsequent incarnationsOn the third night, he progressed beyond himself, and attained enlightenment.
13Siddhartha Gautama Nirvana Nirvana is the state of being when there are no more reincarnations, a release from the constant birth, death, rebirth cycle.Siddhartha took the title Buddha, or enlightened one.He decided to take his teachings to others, and to spread his ideas about the middle path.
14The Buddha The first sermon The Buddha found some earlier companions and shared his visions with them.After his second sermon they, too, achieved enlightenment.
15The BuddhaTeachingThe teachings of Buddha are known by the term DharmaHe established a system of monks and nuns to continue this teachingBuddha continued teaching for 45 years, and had tens of thousands of followers.At the age of 80, the Buddha died, naming no successor, as he felt his teachings would carry on for him.
16Buddhism The teachings of Buddha Get out your graphic organizer and follow along.
17Buddhism The Four Noble Truths All life is marked by suffering Suffering is brought about by desireBy doing away with suffering one can gain a release to a state of peace & enlightenment, NirvanaOne can achieve this goal by following the Eightfold Path
26BuddhismBy following Buddha’s teachings, or Dharma, the Buddhist religion has grown into the fourth largest religion in the world.As there are with most religions, Buddhism has divided into different sects.
27Buddhism Theraveda Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism Vajrayana Buddhism The three main groups in BuddhismTheraveda BuddhismMahayana BuddhismVajrayana Buddhism
28Buddhism Theraveda Buddhism Also known as Southern Buddhism This branch of Buddhism is most prevalent in India and Southeast AsiaMonks are the primary teachers and leaders of Theraveda BuddhismMeditation is reserved for the monksEmphasis is on wisdom, scholarship, and intellectual training.
29Buddhism Theraveda Buddhism Worship by priests and monks centers around relics of the Buddha, and statuesRelics are kept in large buildings called Stupas
30Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism Also known as Northern Buddhism Mahayana means “Greater Vehicle”This branch of Buddhism is most prevalent in China, Japan, Korea, Russia, Nepal & VietnamMahayana Buddhism was formed around 100 years after the death of BuddhaMeditation and practice is for everyoneEmphasis is on compassion and an end to world suffering
31Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism Goal of practice is to assist others in achieving Nirvana, and to end suffering for allTo be a Bodhisattva is to be destined for enlightenmentOne form of Mahayana Buddhism in Japan is ZenMahayana Buddhism is the most widely practiced form of Buddhism in the US and the western world.
32Buddhism Vajrayana Buddhism Mostly, this is Tibetan Buddhism Vajrayana Buddhists feel they practice a higher form of BuddhismThe practice includes chanting, prayer wheels, yoga, and mandalasThis branch emphasizes the relationship between a student and his guru, or teacherSince the 11th century, the leader of the Vajrayana Buddhists is the Dalai Lama
34Buddhism Buddhism today There are approximately 360,000,000 Buddhists in the world today.These are divided into about 56% Mahayana, 38% Theraveda, and 6% Tibetan.There are 3-4 million practicing Buddhists in the US