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Chapter Two: Indoor Safety. Indoor Safety Policies l Indoor Child Care Environments l Indoor Equipment Safety l Toy Safety.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Two: Indoor Safety. Indoor Safety Policies l Indoor Child Care Environments l Indoor Equipment Safety l Toy Safety."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Two: Indoor Safety

2 Indoor Safety Policies l Indoor Child Care Environments l Indoor Equipment Safety l Toy Safety

3 l Interpersonal Safety l Poison Control l Fire and Burn Prevention

4 Indoor Child Care Environments Examine for hazards l Falls l Choking l Burns l Drowning l Poisoning

5 l Environmental hazards in child care  Ventilation  Pets or animals  Cleaning supplies l Safety devices needed

6 Developmental level l Infants  Relatively helpless  choking l Toddlers  Group with most potential for unsafe practices  poisons

7 l Preschoolers  Greater physical and cognitive abilities  falls l School Age  Relatively safe indoors, but firearms may be risk

8 Space l Recommended indoor space is 35 square feet per child  Does not include kitchen, bathroom, closets, laundry facilities, or staff space  Usually translates to 50 square feet when furnishings are considered  Adequate floor space essential for prevention of injury

9 Shared Space l Multiple-use facilities need thoughtful anticipation for risk l Screening checklist  Remove  Replace

10 Indoor Safety Equipment Equipment should be l Sturdy l Free of sharp points or corners, splinters, protruding nails or bolts l Free of loose, rusty parts, hazardous small parts, or paint that contains lead l Durable

11 l Easy to clean l Child-sized, where appropriate l Equipment should allow flow of movement l Comply with standards  Cribs, high chairs, strollers, safety gates

12 l Preventing falls  Checklist (Table 2-3) l Indoor water safety  Toilets  Standing water  Hot water heaters (less than 120 degrees F)

13 Toy Safety Choking and suffocation hazards l Toys, food, and small objects Examine for age appropriateness l Developmental level, safety precautions l Appropriate toys (Table 2-6)

14 Art supplies l Federal Arts Materials Act of 1990  Hazard free art materials label AP or CP l Common household products Toy Safety Checklist (Table 2-7)

15 Interpersonal Safety Injuries from biting, kicking, scratching, and fighting common Caregivers should l Be prepared to intervene l Understand behavior l Know strategies for eliminating and preventing behavior l Know how to use conflict resolution

16 Exposure to violence l Television, street, neighborhoods, homes l High degree of exposure can cause post- traumatic stress disorder  Can cause a child to relive violence in play l Caregiver needs to observe, communicate, and redirect

17 Most common emergency involving children l Children under four are most likely to ingest poison Examining the environment l First order of prevention is caregiver vigilance in monitoring l Room by room inspection Poison Control

18 Understanding risk l Ingestion  swallowing l Contact  absorbed through skin l Inhalation  breathing fumes l Animal, insect, or reptile bites l Injection  puncture wound

19 Strategies for Promoting Poison Control l Table 2-11 l Plants that pose risk l Common indoor plant risk (Table 2-12)

20 Injuries from fires and burns are 2nd leading cause of death in children in U.S. l 35% of all burn injuries happen to children l Scalding is chief cause of burns to preschool children l Playing with matches and lighters #1 cause of fire deaths in young children Fire and Burn Prevention

21 Environmental Hazards l Scalding l Electrical l Contact l Chemical

22 Strategies for Fire and Burn Prevention l Teach child fire and burn prevention  Avoid matches and lighters  Regular fire drills  Stop, Drop, and Roll

23 l Safety devices should be present  Fire extinguishers  Smoke alarms l Model safe behavior

24 Observation l Accessories, behaviors, conditions l Knowledge of hazards l Equipment, toys, art supplies, poisons l Awareness of unsafe interpersonal behaviors Implications for Caregivers

25 Supervision l Constant monitoring environment  Safe practices, methods of prevention, promotion  Check for compliance with licensing, fire safety guidelines  Communication to all caregivers to ensure safe practices Education l Parents, caregivers, and children

26  Reality Check: SIDS Safe Practices can prevent more than half of the cases l Put babies to sleep on their backs l Do not expose babies to secondhand smoke l Remove all soft sleeping materials such as pillows, foam pads, etc. l Do not let baby get overheated

27  Reality Check: Kids and Guns Serious safety issue l 1.2 million children have access to guns in their homes l 1 in 5 high school students carry guns or other weapons to school l Children exposed to violence may carry guns to feel safe

28 Children’s curiosity l Encouraged by exposure via television/movies l Toys available to play with l Even if they have been cautioned not to touch them, most children will anyway

29 How does child caregiver help protect children from guns? l Family child caregivers ensure that any firearm present is kept out of sight, locked away, and kept separate from ammunition l They can provide alternate forms of handling conflict in prosocial ways by conflict resolution l Not allow guns in child care environment  Including “substitute” gun play with other items

30 l Educate parents about dangers of guns l Monitor programming of television, if used in child care Strategies to promote positive interaction l Table 2-10

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