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Self-Regulation. Self-Regulation A control mechanism used by individuals to match behavior to standards or goals.A control mechanism used by individuals.

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Presentation on theme: "Self-Regulation. Self-Regulation A control mechanism used by individuals to match behavior to standards or goals.A control mechanism used by individuals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Self-Regulation

2 Self-Regulation A control mechanism used by individuals to match behavior to standards or goals.A control mechanism used by individuals to match behavior to standards or goals.

3 Three Components of Self-Regulation 1. Goal selection –Expectancy-value model

4 Three Components of Self-Regulation 2. Preparation for action Gather infoGather info Mental rehearsalMental rehearsal PracticePractice

5 Three Components of Self-Regulation 3. Cybernetic Cycle Feedback loopsFeedback loopsComparator Current stateOutput function Effect on environment

6 Two key variables in self-regulation: Self-focus (aka private self- consciousness)- heightened awareness of self.Self-focus (aka private self- consciousness)- heightened awareness of self. Self-efficacy- belief in one’s abilities.Self-efficacy- belief in one’s abilities.

7 Self-Efficacy & Self- Focus High self-efficacy: More self-focus leads to more persistence and better performance. Low self-efficacy: More self-focus leads to less persistence and worse performance.

8 Applications to the Achievement Domain Defensive pessimismDefensive pessimism Helpless vs. Mastery Orientations.Helpless vs. Mastery Orientations. Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic MotivationIntrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation

9 The Spotlight Effect The tendency to believe that others are paying more attention to us than they actually are.The tendency to believe that others are paying more attention to us than they actually are. –T-shirt study –Spilled drink study

10 Self-Regulation Failure DeindividuationDeindividuation AlcoholAlcohol ChokingChoking Self-destructive behaviorSelf-destructive behavior


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