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Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th Chapter 17 Corrections for Juveniles.

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Presentation on theme: "Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th Chapter 17 Corrections for Juveniles."— Presentation transcript:

1 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th Chapter 17 Corrections for Juveniles

2 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th “parens patriae”  the “parent of the country;” the role of the state as guardian and protector of all people (particularly juveniles) who are unable to protect themselves definition

3 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th Evolution of juvenile justice in America, 1600s Crime Control victim emphasis punishment of serious offenders waive serious cases Juvenile Rights In re Gault, 1967 JJ & Del. Prev. Act, 1974 deinstitutionalize status offenders legalization of juv. law Juvenile Court Ill. Juv. Crt, 1899 separate legal system for juv’s child as “legally irresponsible” Refuge Period NY House of Refuge, 1825 for delinquent & dependent children child as “helpless” Puritan Period Mass. Stubborn Child Law, 1646 child as “evil”

4 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th hallmarks of juvenile court  informality not hindered by legalities of “due process” judges ran sessions as conversations exploring needs of child  individualization each child is unique and has unique circumstances, problems, and needs  intervention aim not to punish, but to help child become law-abiding identify and solve problems; provide treatment

5 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th “delinquent”“delinquent”  a child who has committed an act which, if committed by an adult, would be criminal definition

6 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th “neglected”“neglected”  a child who is not receiving proper care because of some action or inaction of his or her parents definition

7 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th “dependent”“dependent”  a child who has no parent or guardian or whose parents are unable to give proper care definition

8 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th “In Re: Gault”  watershed Supreme Court case granting “essential” due process rights to juveniles facing adjudication by juvenile court  notice  hearing  counsel  cross-examination definition

9 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th why treat juveniles differently  juveniles are young and may easily change more susceptible to treatment  juveniles have a high rate of ‘desistance’ most never get in trouble again  juveniles’ families important to their lives state acts in partnership w/ family to treat child  juveniles are easily influenced by peers juvenile crime is a group phenomenon removed from the group, child will behave  juveniles have little responsibility for others easier to get them to isolate & modify behavior

10 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th % arrests involving juveniles by crime

11 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th % arrests involving juveniles other crimes (cond)

12 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th high risk juvenile offenders factors of concern  persistent behavior problems in elementary school years  onset of delinquency, aggression, drug use between 6 & 11  antisocial parents  antisocial peers, poor school attendance, impulsivity, weak social ties between  membership in delinquent gangs  drug dealing

13 Clear & Cole, American Corrections, 6 th juvenile offender dispositions  waiver (to adult court)  diversion  correctional programs  detention  juvenile probation  working in the school  intermediate sanctions  juvenile community corrections  juvenile incarceration  juvenile aftercare


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