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Motivation: The Fuel for Success John P. Sullivan, Psy.D. Sport Psychologist Clinical & Sport Consulting Services Clinical & Sports Consulting Services.

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Presentation on theme: "Motivation: The Fuel for Success John P. Sullivan, Psy.D. Sport Psychologist Clinical & Sport Consulting Services Clinical & Sports Consulting Services."— Presentation transcript:

1 Motivation: The Fuel for Success John P. Sullivan, Psy.D. Sport Psychologist Clinical & Sport Consulting Services Clinical & Sports Consulting Services

2 Ideal Performance State Intense focus Intense focus Present orientation – in the moment Present orientation – in the moment Confidence in your abilities Confidence in your abilities Calmness/relaxation Calmness/relaxation Energetic Energetic Enjoyment/fun/joy Enjoyment/fun/joy Alert/self-aware Alert/self-aware Compiled from Ravissa, Miner, Loehr Compiled from Ravissa, Miner, Loehr

3 The Complete Athlete Emotional Excellence Mental Excellence Physical Excellence

4 Motivation Why are some motivated while others are not? Why are some motivated while others are not? Motivation requires energy focused in two dimensions Motivation requires energy focused in two dimensions -Direction is choosing particular goals over others - Intensity is the fuel necessary to achieve the goal

5 Motivation Basics Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Direct and Indirect Motivation Direct and Indirect Motivation Sense of Control Sense of Control Personal Needs Personal Needs Can’t be seen but is FELT!! Can’t be seen but is FELT!!

6 Thinking Affects Motivation! Feelings/Emotions Behavior/PerformanceThoughts

7 SMART Goal Setting Specific – Make goals specific Specific – Make goals specific Measurable – Can you measure your progress? Measurable – Can you measure your progress? Adjustable – Can you modify your goal based on progress? Adjustable – Can you modify your goal based on progress? Realistic – Make sure the goal is a ‘stretch’ Realistic – Make sure the goal is a ‘stretch’ Time oriented – Determine dates by which you’d like to achieve goals Time oriented – Determine dates by which you’d like to achieve goals

8 Goal Setting Ladder Set short-term, medium range, and long-term goals Set short-term, medium range, and long-term goals Conduct a ‘roadblock analysis’ of potential barriers to goal achievement Conduct a ‘roadblock analysis’ of potential barriers to goal achievement Mark your progress Mark your progress

9 Additional Goal Setting Tips Goals should be positive Goals should be positive Goals should be precise – Set dates by which you want to achieve specific goals Goals should be precise – Set dates by which you want to achieve specific goals Goals should be manageable – Don’t get overwhelmed by setting too many goals at once Goals should be manageable – Don’t get overwhelmed by setting too many goals at once Write down your goals – It makes them more real Write down your goals – It makes them more real

10 Final Words on Goal Setting

11 Goal Setting A Combination of team and individual goals maximizes motivation

12 BE RELENTLESSLY POSITIVE Provide Positive Feedback Provide Positive Feedback Maintain Responsibility for Success Maintain Responsibility for Success Acknowledge Growth Points Acknowledge Growth Points Find Fun in What You Do! Find Fun in What You Do! Visualize Success Visualize Success Emphasize Performance Over Outcomes Emphasize Performance Over Outcomes

13 Motivating Communication Be positive Be positive Sandwich any criticism between positive feedback/ positive instruction Sandwich any criticism between positive feedback/ positive instruction

14 Keys to Communicating Effectively Listen effectively Listen effectively Don’t interruptDon’t interrupt Maintain good eye-contactMaintain good eye-contact Paraphrase the message to encourage your athleteParaphrase the message to encourage your athlete

15 Keys to Communicating Effectively Express yourself correctly Express yourself correctly - Tone and body language communicate more than the words we use - Remember to be positive - Keep in mind: ‘Would you rather be right or effective?’

16 Patterns of Motivation The Learned Helpless Athlete The Learned Helpless Athlete The Fear of Failure Athlete The Fear of Failure Athlete The Fear of Success Athlete The Fear of Success Athlete The Perfectionist Athlete The Perfectionist Athlete The Under-Achieving Athlete The Under-Achieving Athlete

17 Learned Helpless Athlete Redefine success Redefine success Focus on performanceFocus on performance Chart improvement Chart improvement Focus on short-term goals Focus on short-term goals Be positive Be positive Arrange opportunities to succeed Arrange opportunities to succeed

18 Fear of Failure Athlete Provide consistent approval for both winning and losing Provide consistent approval for both winning and losing Encourage learning from losses Encourage learning from losses Help emphasize the process over outcome Help emphasize the process over outcome

19 Fear of Success Athletes Provide a focus on goals Provide a focus on goals Provide preparation for being #1 Provide preparation for being #1 Help them to visualize success Help them to visualize success Encourage and support both winning and losing Encourage and support both winning and losing

20 The Perfectionist Athlete Emphasize a strong association between strong workouts and recovery Emphasize a strong association between strong workouts and recovery Reinforce enjoyment Reinforce enjoyment Create an environment of process over outcome Create an environment of process over outcome Encourage balance in their lives Encourage balance in their lives

21 The Under-Achieving Athlete Establish a verbal commitment/contract Establish a verbal commitment/contract Educate about the effort- success ratio Educate about the effort- success ratio (Success = Ability + Preparation + Effort +Will)(Success = Ability + Preparation + Effort +Will) Stress self-improvement Stress self-improvement

22 John P. Sullivan, Psy.D. Chief Consultant Phone: (401) Fax: (401) Consultation for Mental Health Concerns, Sports Performance Enhancement & Performance Psychology Clinical & Sports Consulting Services


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