Presentation on theme: "Active Learning – Using Discussions Online"— Presentation transcript:
1Active Learning – Using Discussions Online Center for Distance EducationInstructional Design ServicesDr. Prasanthi PallapuWelcome. Thank you for joining us. I am Prasanthi Pallapu, the Lead Instructional Designer at the Center for Distance Education, Upper Iowa University. Some of you already know that I have 14 years of Instructional Design experience and was an adjunct faculty for 4 years.At this moment, I would like to take the opportunity to introduce Ms. Teaira Cooksey, who is our Instructional Designer.Please note that a recorded session will be made available on our Faculty Resources website. Within the next few days, you will receive an containing a link to the recording and this PowerPoint presentation.Please submit your questions using the Q&A feature in Zoom. I will respond to them either during this session or at the end.Note that when you submit a question, every one who is attending will see your question.
2Objectives Active Learning Interaction in an online course Online Discussions
3Definition Active learning A process Engages students in learning activitiesreading, writing, discussion, or problem solvingPromotes analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of course material.According to the Center for Research on Learning and Teaching, Active Learning is
4Benefits Active Learning allows students to engage with course materialparticipate in learning activitiescollaborate with each otheranalyze an argumentapply a concept to a real-world situationetc…..According to Teaching Commons from Stanford University, Stanford, California,https://teachingcommons.stanford.edu/resources/learning-resources/promoting-active-learning
5Student-Student, Student-Content & Student-Instructor InteractionStudent-Student, Student-Content & Student-InstructorSynchronous InteractionReal timeChat, Audio or Video ConferencingAsynchronous InteractionNot occurring at the same time or not in real timeDiscussion Forums, Announcements, etc.Content items in an online courseIn an online learning environment active learning happens through Interaction - synchronous and asynchronous.Student-Student, Student-Content & Student-Instructor interaction.Chat and Classlive tools right in our learning management system and Zoom for audio or video conferencing are some tools for synchronous interaction.For asynchronous interaction, we can use , Discussion Forums and other content items.
6Why? for Students Do not feel left out - A sense of belongingness Creates a learning communityIncreases motivation and performancePromotes independent, critical and creative thinkingEncourages effective collaborationWhy interaction is important to students?
7Why? for InstructorsGood return on the time invested to design the courseWhen students succeed - it is well worth the timeas it is all about student learning…..Immense opportunity to get to know your students through interactionDo not feel disconnected with studentsWe no longer design instructor-centered courses and moving towards student-centered where the focus and responsibility of learning is more on students. They build their knowledge and learn based on their prior experiences.
8Know your students Get to know them Connect and develop a professional relationship with your studentsKnow each individual studentRespond to each student in the Student Introductions forumThey need to know – you care and listen to themAs they miss the in-person connectionShare personal experiences as you interact for them to know thatYou are a real personYou value their contributionsJust like instructors connect and develop professional relationships with their students in a face-to-face class, as a moderator and facilitator in an online learning environment, we need to know your students.
9Instructor Presence Be Present Helps students feel that you are there for themEngage or participate in some discussionThey need to see you are there with them during the discussionsEncourage students to interact with each otherMake sure that students are responding to their peersIn a face-to-face class, when students have questions, we are right there to address them. If they are discussing a topic, we will walk around and answer or clarify any questions that the students might have.But in an online environment, the only way that the students feel that you are there for them is when they feel your presence. Hence, in an online course, Instructor Presence is very important.
10Instructor Presence Be Present Clarify any information timely – provide examplesFacilitate conversationsThis determines how students participateMake sure that your presence does not inhibit student-student interaction
11Roles Student - Self-Learners Instructor Interact with the content materialLearn from Others - Interact with other studentsLearn from the Instructor - FeedbackInstructorModeratorFacilitatorWe have several options to make our online course an active learning experience for our students. But as our goal for today’s presentation is ‘using Online Discussions for active learning’, let us jump right into online discussions.First of all, let us remember the roles of a student and an instructor in online discussions.
12Expectations Set and share expectations Netiquette Rubrics Guidelines As an instructor, when designing the course, it is important to set and share expectations for the discussions.
13Item III. 3 – Discussion and Participation UIU ExpectationsItem III. 3 – Discussion and ParticipationAs UIU instructor, you might have received the Guide to Develop Online Course Syllabus. I would like to draw your attention to Item III.3 for the essential standards on Discussion and Participation.
14Discussion and Participation – Initial Response UIU ExpectationsDiscussion and Participation – Initial ResponseMore detailed information is provided in the sample syllabus template that you receive. As you are aware, the syllabus template has locked and unlocked areas. Under Discussions and Participation, the locked area has standard information with unlocked area for your input with a sample.On this slide, I would like to draw your attention to ‘Include 2-3 thought provoking topics each week’ and ‘that the students cannot view unless they submit they post first’.
15Discussion and Participation – Participation UIU ExpectationsDiscussion and Participation – ParticipationThe same thing for Participation – locked and unlocked areas.On this slide, I would like to draw your attention to‘participation in discussion on 4 of each 7 day online academic week’Participation posts does not include Initial ResponseParticipation posts should be substantiveSo in order to accommodate the 4 of 7 days participation requirement, the sample indicates very clearly that the students have to post to 2 peers on 2 different days for each DQ
16Questions Select good topics for discussion questions Reflection InterpretationAnalysisProblem-solvingThought provokingReal lifePersonal OpinionSo in order to accommodate the essential standards set for UIU online courses, it is our responsibility to select good topics for discussion questions – higher order thinking skills of Bloom’s Taxonomy
17Questions Avoid asking questions that has Compound questions??? Yes / no responsesFactsRegurgitation from textbookCompound questions???
18SamplesUsing the information from chapters 7 & 8 on emotional intelligence, give your own example that illustrates at least three of the author’s main concepts. You may use a personal experience or you may create an example.Discuss three advantages and three disadvantages of xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.
23ResourcesMastering Online Discussion Board Facilitation https://www.edutopia.org/pdfs/stw/edutopia-onlinelearning-mastering-online-discussion-board-facilitation.pdfOutcomes of Chat and Discussion Board Use in Online Learning: A Research SynthesisEngaging students in learning through online discussion: A phenomenographic study
24Resourcese-Coaching Tip 3: Developing Effective Questions for Online Discussions
25CDE Professional Development Schedule Upper Iowa UniversityUpper Iowa UniversityCDE Professional Development SchedulePlease visit this website for more information on our sessions.CDE Professional Development Schedule
26Center for Distance Education UIU CDE Faculty Tutorials Website Upper Iowa UniversityUpper Iowa UniversityCenter for Distance EducationEducation Services Invitations to teach and course assignmentseLearning Team Faculty training courses, academic course access, students enrollmentsInstructional Design Services Online course design and development.UIU CDE Resources WebsiteUIU CDE Faculty Tutorials Website