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Unit Five. Pre-reading Pre-reading Pre-reading Passage Reading Passage Reading Passage Reading Passage Reading Language Focus Language Focus Language.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit Five. Pre-reading Pre-reading Pre-reading Passage Reading Passage Reading Passage Reading Passage Reading Language Focus Language Focus Language."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit Five

2 Pre-reading Pre-reading Pre-reading Passage Reading Passage Reading Passage Reading Passage Reading Language Focus Language Focus Language Focus Language Focus

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4 Task 1 A QUIZ SHOW! The following 12 questions are about dreams. Please answer them according to your understanding. The following 12 questions are about dreams. Please answer them according to your understanding. 1. What is the average amount of dreams a person usually has in one night? 1. What is the average amount of dreams a person usually has in one night? 2. Does a person dream all night? 2. Does a person dream all night? 3. Do all people dream? 3. Do all people dream?

5 4. Do children ’ s dreams mean the same as adults? 4. Do children ’ s dreams mean the same as adults? 5. Is it true that some dreams can predict the future? 5. Is it true that some dreams can predict the future? 6. Why do you think that we have dreams? 6. Why do you think that we have dreams? 7. Do dreams have any significance? 7. Do dreams have any significance? 8. What causes or why do some dreams keep repeating themselves? 8. What causes or why do some dreams keep repeating themselves?

6 9. Do we dream in black and white or color, or does it mean anything if we dream one way or the other? 9. Do we dream in black and white or color, or does it mean anything if we dream one way or the other? 10. Do animal dreams? 10. Do animal dreams? 11. What does it mean to have a dream within a dream? 11. What does it mean to have a dream within a dream? 12. Is it possible to die (not really die in real life) in your our dreams? 12. Is it possible to die (not really die in real life) in your our dreams? Keys to the above questions Keys to the above questionsKeys to the above questionsKeys to the above questions

7 Task 2 Pre-reading Discussion Work in groups and discuss the possible causes of the following dreams. Work in groups and discuss the possible causes of the following dreams. Dreaming of walking on hot coals Dreaming of walking on hot coals Dreaming of dolphin Dreaming of dolphin Dreaming of losing your job or house Dreaming of losing your job or house

8 Dreaming of taking a final exam Dreaming of taking a final exam Dreaming of drinking wine Dreaming of drinking wine Dreaming of drinking water Dreaming of drinking water Dreaming that doorbells or Dreaming that doorbells or telephones ring telephones ring Dreaming that you try to run but Dreaming that you try to run but your legs won ’ t move your legs won ’ t move

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10 Passage Reading Read the passage “ Are You a Dreamer? ” Read the passage “ Are You a Dreamer? ” Discuss the following topics with your partner. Discuss the following topics with your partner. What kind of sleep can enable us to remember our dreams? Can you describe something of the REM sleep?

11 Text Structure Introduction (para. 1) Introduction (para. 1) Questions concerning dreams have puzzled human beings. Dreaming and sleeping (para. 2~3) A. Dreaming occurs when we are in REM sleep. B. The main purpose of sleeping is to give us rest and to allow us to dream. Possible causes of dreams (para. 4-6) A. Psychological causes B. Inner fear Dream interpretation (para. 7-9)

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13 1. advance (Line 3, Para. 1) n. forward movement; progress 前进;进步 China ’ s manned space technology has made great advances during the past several years.China ’ s manned space technology has made great advances during the past several years. With the advance of old age, Mr. Juan Antonio Samaranch could no longer serve as the president of the IOC (International Olympic Committee).With the advance of old age, Mr. Juan Antonio Samaranch could no longer serve as the president of the IOC (International Olympic Committee).

14 v. 1) come or go forward 前进 Under his direction, the 101st Airborne Division had successfully advanced 5 miles after landing. Under his direction, the 101st Airborne Division had successfully advanced 5 miles after landing. Has civilization advanced during the previous century

15 v. 2) move, put or help, forward 向前移;提前;提出;提升;促进 May I advance my attitude on this matter? He was soon advanced just because he was the manager ’ s relative. He was soon advanced just because he was the manager ’ s relative.

16 2. reveal (Line 4, Para. 1) vt. 1) allow or cause to be seen; display 显示;显出 The rising curtain revealed a sundown scene. The photos revealed the photographer.

17 vt. 2) make known 揭示;揭露,暴露;泄漏 The truth about that black whistle ’ s bribery scandal will be revealed soon. The truth about that black whistle ’ s bribery scandal will be revealed soon. DNA test revealed the murderer ’ s identity. DNA test revealed the murderer ’ s identity.

18 3. mode (Line 9, Para. 2) n. 1) a way or manner in which something is done 方式,样式,模式 The Confucian mode of thinking The Confucian mode of thinking has influenced the Chinese society for thousands of years. You ’ d better adjust the mode of life because You ’ d better adjust the mode of life because you ’ ve already been a college student. you ’ ve already been a college student.

19 4. progress (Line 20, Para. 2) vi. make progress 进步;进行 The construction of that entertainment center was progressing successfully. Former Olympic champion Gong Zhichao was progressing in her studies at Hunan University. Former Olympic champion Gong Zhichao was progressing in her studies at Hunan University.

20 n. forward movement; advance; development 进步; 进展;改进;发展 You have made great progress with your oral English. The progress of civilization benefits people across the world.

21 5. unconscious (Line 23, Para. 3) adj. occurring in the absence of conscious awareness or thought 无意识的,潜意识的 That old man has lain unconscious for some hours. The unconscious humor of Cui Yongyuan, the The unconscious humor of Cui Yongyuan, the ex-host of CCTV ’ s program “ Tell It Like It Is ”, has once made the talk show program very popular. ex-host of CCTV ’ s program “ Tell It Like It Is ”, has once made the talk show program very popular.

22 6. frustrating (Line 27, Para. 4) adj. annoying, discouraging 令人泄气的, 令人沮丧的 Lots of hard-core fans of Chinese football find it quite frustrating that their national team had already lost the opportunity to take part in the FIFA 2006 World Cup finals held in Germany.

23 7. impulse (Line 33, Para. 5) n. 1) push or thrust; impetus 推动;推进力;脉冲 Cultural exchange gave an impulse to the development of the friendly relations between China and France. He was shocked with the strong electric impulse when he touched the electrical wire. He was shocked with the strong electric impulse when he touched the electrical wire.

24 n. 2) sudden inclination to act without thought about the consequences 冲动 to act on/from/out of impulse a man of impulse to fight down the impulse to do sth. to follow one ’ s impulse to act under the impulse of curiosity to have a strong/sudden impulse to do sth.

25 8. reflect (Line 35, Para. 6) v. 1) be a sign of a particular situation or feeling 反映;显示 In most cases, the theme song can reflect the spiritual framework of a TV drama or movie. A recent online survey reflects that more and more Chinese studying overseas are willing to return to China to work as soon as they complete their study. A recent online survey reflects that more and more Chinese studying overseas are willing to return to China to work as soon as they complete their study.

26 v. 2) consider; think on 考虑;思考;反思 You should reflect what you did on that matter. You should reflect what you did on that matter. We should reflect how to make our products more competitive in the international market.

27 9. seek (Line 40, Para. 7) v. 1) look for; try to find 寻觅;找 We should be seek truth from the facts on that matter. We should be seek truth from the facts on that matter. Seeking a qualified sponsor for our sport channel was not as hard as you thought. Seeking a qualified sponsor for our sport channel was not as hard as you thought.

28 v. 2) try; attempt 试图;企图(后接不定式) They sought to hide a large number of pirated DVDs into a storehouse. The police sought to make use of lie detector to judge what the suspect said was true or not.

29 10. enthusiast (Line 49, Para. 9) n. someone who is very interested in a particular activity or subject 热心人,热情者 Famous crosstalker Niu Qun is also an enthusiast for photography. His uncle is an enthusiast about environment protection. His uncle is an enthusiast about environment protection.

30 enthusiasm n. strong feeling of admiration or interest 热心;热爱;热忱;积极性 Ma Junren, the former coach of famous middle-distance race team Ma ’ s Army, shows great enthusiasm to breeding rare dogs. George. W. Bush ’ s enthusiasm for fishing seems inherited from his father.

31 In-class Quiz Translate the following phrases or sentences into English. Translate the following phrases or sentences into English. 人们对这样的问题感兴趣已有好几百年了。 Such questions have interested people for thousands of years. 科学的进步 scientific advances

32 大半个晚上我们都做梦。 We dream for most of the night. 随着夜晚的深入 …… As the night progresses, … 考一门很难的课程 to take an exam for a difficult course 热衷于探讨梦的人 dream enthusiasts

33 After-reading Discussion There are some universal dream symbols. Discuss with your partner and guess their associated meanings. There are some universal dream symbols. Discuss with your partner and guess their associated meanings. Animals Animals Automobiles and vehicles Automobiles and vehicles Children Children Clothes Clothes Death Death

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