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Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije, Director General KB Tartu, Open Access Week 2011, 28 October 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije, Director General KB Tartu, Open Access Week 2011, 28 October 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije, Director General KB Tartu, Open Access Week 2011, 28 October 2011

2 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije

3 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije Added value of journal publishers 2 traditional elements: Quality assessment: still an essential element of research evaluation Distribution: nowadays scientists communicate with one another themselves

4 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije

5 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije Open Access (Berlin Declaration) The author grants to all users:  a free, irrevocable, worldwide right of access  a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly A complete version of the work is deposited in an online repository using suitable technical standards

6 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije Why Open Access? Academic community: Communication and impact E-science (Inter)national policy: Economic and social arguments Relation with infrastructure

7 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije Open Access: 2 complementary scenarios Green Road: self-archiving, repositories Golden Road: Open Access journals

8 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije Green Road

9 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije

10 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije

11 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije

12 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Green Road Repository in every university Advantages: Limited investment Integral part institutional research policy Within the present system of scholarly communication Gaining Momentum for Open AccessBas Savenije

13 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Green Road: complications Volume Mandate? Different versions, copyright Publishers’ embargos Usage Infrastructure Subject repositories Harvesting: quality of metadata Gaining Momentum for Open AccessBas Savenije

14 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Green Road: Perspective When success:  Cancellation of subscriptions  Threat present publication system Consequence: Embargos The more the better, but … Gaining Momentum for Open AccessBas Savenije

15 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije Golden Road

16 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije

17 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije Open Access Journals Directory of Open Access Journals: 4398 journals By: (small) university publishers learned societies commercial publishers Business models: start-up money, stakeholders article processing costs Preservation: National Library of the Netherlands

18 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Golden Road OA Journals New Existing Hybrid Advantages Maintaining the present publication system No increase of costs Gaining Momentum for Open AccessBas Savenije

19 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Golden Road: Complications Slow uptake: New Journals: impact factor Existing Journals: fear for new dynamics Hybrid Journals: Double dipping? Economics: Temporary additional investment Reallocation of funds within institutions Differences between universities/countries? Gaining Momentum for Open AccessBas Savenije

20 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Golden Road: perspective New Model: Access for All Continuing the present scholarly communication system (Peer review) Gaining Momentum for Open AccessBas Savenije

21 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Open Access scenarios Bas Savenije

22 Gaining Momentum for Open Access From the viewpoint of Open Access: Priority: Golden Road New business model scholarly communication Continuing the present system of peer review Bas Savenije

23 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Actions academic community Institution: Copyright (alternatives) Institution + national level: Funders’ Mandates (not hybrid!) Temporary additional funding National level: Embedding in license negotiations International level: Reputations of journals Bas Savenije

24 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Monographs? Bas Savenije

25 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Open Access for monographs Scholarly monographs often are funded through grants It is cheaper and more effective to use the grant for a digital Open Access publicatiom Bas Savenije

26 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije Last but not least: Cultural heritage

27 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije The Berlin Declaration “Encouraging the holders of cultural heritage to support open access by providing their resources on the internet.”

28 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije Cultural heritage Out-of-copyright material: Not: creating new copyright through digitisation No restrictions for re-use Including commercial re-use

29 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije

30 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije The Changing Nature of Research in Science “Instead of spending six months doing an experiment which you can then understand in an afternoon when you're done, you can do an experiment in an afternoon and it takes you six months to figure out what you've got.”* *Chronicle: Learning to Swim in the Rising Tide of Scientific Data

31 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije “Enriched” publications

32 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije “Well in our country,” said Alice, still panting a little, “you’d generally get to somewhere else - if you ran very fast for a long time, as we’ve been doing.” “A slow sort of country!” said the Queen. “Now, here, you see, it takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place. If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!”

33 Gaining Momentum for Open Access Bas Savenije ` JOIN FORCES Thank you!


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