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Water’s Edge Public Spaces Emerging Public Spaces, Green Urbanism, and analysing convergence and divergence between the East and West MapPlan # emergingpublicspaces.

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Presentation on theme: "Water’s Edge Public Spaces Emerging Public Spaces, Green Urbanism, and analysing convergence and divergence between the East and West MapPlan # emergingpublicspaces."— Presentation transcript:

1 Water’s Edge Public Spaces Emerging Public Spaces, Green Urbanism, and analysing convergence and divergence between the East and West MapPlan # emergingpublicspaces Mabel John MapPlan – Mapping and Planning Services UniSA – The University of South Australia City of Victor Harbor Rural City of Murray Bridge

2 # emergingpublicspaces


4 Sydney, Hong Kong and Singapore – Case Studies Sydney - Circular Quay, Walsh Bay and Barangaroo Hong Kong - Star Ferry Pier, Queen's Pier (Avenue of Stars) and Victoria Harbour developments. Singapore - Boat Quay, Marina Bay and, the vicinities of the Raffles and Fullerton Hotels including 'Gardens by the Bay' # emergingpublicspaces

5 4.61/1000 in Australia1.3/10002.32/1000 # emergingpublicspaces

6 Sydney, Hong Kong and Singapore – Weather Sydney: Cloudy followed by rain - 21°C Hong Kong: Smog Cloud - 28°C followed by rain and sunshine Singapore: Hot and humid - 36°C followed by rain Site Evaluations # emergingpublicspaces

7 Sydney Case Studies Circular Quay, Walsh Bay and Barangaroo Circular QuayWalsh BayBarangaroo # emergingpublicspaces

8 Hong Kong Case Studies Star Ferry Pier, Queen's Pier (Avenue of Stars) and Victoria Harbour developments. Star Ferry PierAvenue of StarsVictoria Harbour # emergingpublicspaces

9 Singapore Case Studies Boat Quay, Marina Bay + new developments, 'Gardens by the Bay' and Punggol Boat Quay Marina Bay Floating Pods, Marina Bay Floating Pods Gardens by the Bay Punggol # emergingpublicspaces

10 Site Evaluations (21 pages for each site – 11 sites in all) Site Plan, location and size Type of Space, features, composition and comfort Entrances and pathways – links with other spaces Amenities (trees, seating, tables, bathrooms, drinking fountains, food vendors, garbage bins, recycling facilities, bike racks, public phones, magazine and newspaper boxes, bulletin boards, shelter, public art etc.) Programming – space for performances, sport and recreation (formal or informal), children’s play areas, community gardens, off-leash areas. Safety – lighting, sightlines, security and policing, regulations/signs, acoustics. Design, Transit and mobility, signage and wayfinding, corporate elements, landscaping and design. Construction – Materials and Design Construction methods used. Final assessment of entire site – condition and other elements. Social Survey – numbers of males and females spotted and activities undertaken by them. 10 minute video recording of each site (examining movement) - to be analysed Photographs of interesting elements – some of which are presented in following slides # emergingpublicspaces

11 Heritage preservation and adaptive reuse Walsh Bay, Sydney # emergingpublicspaces

12 Visibly green, allowing urban and roof-top farming Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong Tram to the top, Hong KongPunggol, Singapore Orchid Tree, Hong Kong # emergingpublicspaces

13 From functionality and connectivity, to shelter from weather conditions important Star Ferry Pier, Hong Kong Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong Boat Quay, Singapore Avenue of Stars, Hong Kong # emergingpublicspaces

14 Shelter and preservation of historic character Star Ferry Pier, Hong KongStar Ferry, Hong Kong # emergingpublicspaces

15 Recycling and waste disposal a priority Avenue of Stars, Hong Kong # emergingpublicspaces

16 Importance of Health and Fitness realised Avenue of Stars, Hong Kong # emergingpublicspaces

17 Public Art linked to public aspirations Avenue of Stars, Hong Kong # emergingpublicspaces

18 Avenues allowing Incomplete Urbanism, fluidity and change Makansutra, Gluttons Bay (0n wheels) Singapore # emergingpublicspaces

19 Self sustaining and energy efficient Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong Marina Bay, Singapore # emergingpublicspaces

20 Rooftop use and energy-efficient viewing decks The Peak, Hong Kong # emergingpublicspaces

21 Pilot Study Outcomes In analysing these Water’s Edge Emerging Public spaces in Sydney, Hong Kong and Singapore, it becomes clear that there has been a shift towards: 1.encouraging mixed use functionality, 2.heritage preservation and adaptive reuse, urbanism, 4.implementing technological connectivity, while maintaining and establishing connections to urban networks, 5.Incorporating allowance for change through incomplete urbanism, and, 6.harnessing renewable energies, and recycling innovations, in the public domain. # emergingpublicspaces

22 For further information on emerging public spaces Please e-mail me at, indicate if you’d like to be added to an interest group and be kept informed of this 4 to 5 year research work. Regular quarterly updates will be sent to interested persons. Please also indicate in the e-mail if you’d like to receive a newsletter and stay with me through this journey. This work is a continuation of last year’s presentation at the PIA National Congress in Hobart, Tasmania and this year’s presentation at the PIA National Congress in Adelaide. This work has developed for nearly a year so far. Twitter/tweet #emergingpublicspaces or follow me @mabeljohn This work will incorporate the preparation of a thesis, ongoing research, a book and an e-book. My thanks to Professor Steffen Lehmann and Dr Alpana Sivam for their ongoing guidance and support throughout this research work for the Research Centre for Sustainable Design and Behaviour (sd+b). Further information regarding the individual site evaluations, future public evaluation questionnaires and overall results are available upon request. # emergingpublicspaces

23 Key References Beatley, T 2011, Biophilic Cities: Integrating Nature into Urban Design and Planning, Island Press, London. Breen, A and Rigby, D 1994, Waterfronts: Cities Reclaim their Edge, McGraw-Hill Inc., USA. Cuthbert, A R 2011, Understanding Cities: Method in Urban Design, Routledge, New York. Gehl, J and Matan, A 2009, Two perspectives on public spaces, Routledge, London. Gehl, J and Genzoe, L 2008, New City Spaces, Danish Architectural Press, Copenhagen. Gehl, J 1980, Life Between Buildings, Bianco Lunos Bogtrykkeri, Denmark. Girardet, H 1999, 'Creating Sustainable Cities', Schumacher, Briefing no. 2. Girardet, H 2008, Cities, People, Planet. Urban Development and Climate Change. (2nd ed.), Wiley, London. Glaeser, E 2011, Triumph of the City, Penguin Books, New York. Hall, P 2002, Cities of Tomorrow: An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK. Krupat, E 1985, "Cities by Design: The Physical Environment and Urban Living" From Krupat, E 1985, People in Cities: The Urban Environment and Its Effects, Cambridge University Press. Lehmann, S 2006, 'Towards a Sustainable City Centre: Integrating Ecologically Sustainable Development (ESD) Principles into Urban Renewal', Journal of Green Build­ ing, College Publishing, vol. 1, no. 3, Summer 2006, pp. 85–104. Lehmann, S 2008, 'Rapid urbanization in the Asia-Pacific region: a roadmap to 2015 and beyond', Journal of Green Building, 1552-6100, vol. 3, no. 3, p 88. Lehmann, S 2010, 'Lessons from Europe for China? New Urban Sub-Centres for a Polycentric Network City', Journal of Green Building, vol. 5, no. 1, February 2010, pp. 88-100. Lehmann, S 2010, The Principles of Green Urbanism, Earthscan, London. Lehmann, S 2012 'Green Urbanism: Formulating a series of holistic principles' in Tigran Haas (eds.) Sustainable Urbanism and Beyond: Rethinking Cities for the Future, Rizzoli, New York. Lim, W S 2012, Incomplete Urbanism: A critical Urban Strategy for Emerging Economies, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore. Lynch, K 1960, The Image of the City, Cambridge, MA: Technology Press. Miao, P 2001, Public Places in Asia Pacific Cities: Current issues and strategies. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands. Robinson, J 2006, Ordinary Cities, Routledge, London and New York. Robinson, J 2007, 'Developing ordinary cities: city visioning processes in Durba and Johannesburg', Environment and Planning, vol. 40, pp. 74-87. Varna, G and Tiesdell, S 2010, Assessing the Publicness of Public Space: The Star Model of Publicness, Journal of Urban Design, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 575-598. Varna, G 2011, Assessing the publicness of public places: towards a new model, PhD thesis, University of Glasgow. Worthington, J 2009, 'Urban Form for a Sustainable Future: How Sustainable Is Distributed Working in the Networked City?', Journal of Green Building, Fall 2009, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 148-157. Yin, R K 2003, Case study research: Design and methods (3rd ed.), Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA. Yuen, B and Yeh, G O 2011, High-Rise Living in Asian Cities, Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg, London.

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