2Who is “You” in this poem? You faced injustice, hate and strife. You fought for what should be. You risked and finally gave your life, So others could be free.You could have hated, but you chose To love and understand, Rejecting violence to oppose An evil in our land.You'd not inflame, but still inspire, With hope that wouldn't yield. You called for boycotts, not for fire, With faith your only shield.You marched in protest for the poor Of every shade and hue. So many hardships you'd endure For those who needed you.You stirred a nation's heart and mind; Your message still is clear: That color's not how we're defined. Your memory's always near.
3What if this was the hidden verse? Then who is the ‘you’? Each year your birth's a holiday. The nation honours you, And wonders when we'll see the day Your dream at last comes true.
4ExegesisAnalyzing texts in their ORIGINAL context (history, culture, linguistics, etc.) to discover the original intent of the authorConnections stay within the time period it was writtenThe discipline of exegesis has existed for over 2000 years
5Hermeneutics Takes exegesis one step further Way of interpreting texts & events to help us understand what they mean for us in the 21st centuryDiscover meaning in the Bible for our lives and era
6MATTHEW’S GOSPEL (80-90 CE) What was going on when Matthew was writing?Temple in the City of Jerusalem is destroyed (70 CE)Division deepened between Jews who followed Jesus and Jews who didn’tFollowers of Jesus became known as Christians (the Early church), and the non-followers formed Rabbinic JudaismApostles were getting old too; needed to preserve Jesus’ teachings
7MATTHEW’S GOSPEL (80-90 CE) Interpreted Jesus’ words and actions to address the concerns of his (Matthew’s) communityFocused on: remaining united, refrain from judging one another, accept sinners, accept stable structure (church)
8Matthew’s Jesus – “I am with you always, to the end of age” Jesus is the Church’s ultimate teacherMatthew shows Jesus’ authority to teach through:A powerful genealogyAn even more powerful origin (God)Why?To show that Jesus was a legitimate teacher who’s words were meant to be followed
10Jesus as the new Moses Jesus Moses Infant life threatened by the PharaohCommandments from Mt. SinaiThe Ten CommandmentsSaviour of the IsraelitesThe five books of the TorahInfant life threatened by King HerodSermon on the MountThe BeatitudesSaviour of HumanityFive Teachings of the new TorahTHE KEY DIFFERENCE: Jesus doesn’t only teach Israel, He teaches all nations with authority. Matthew attempts to pass on to us the truth of Jesus’ authority as a teacher. In doing so, we are expected to pass this truth on to future generations.
11Why compare Jesus to Moses? Matthew was writing to a Jewish audienceMoses was a greatly respected figure in Jewish historyMoses taught the Torah to Israel; Jesus teaches the new TorahIn showing connections to Moses, it would have been easier for the Jews to see Jesus as a person sent for their salvation (much like Moses helped them out of slavery)
12APOCALYPSEBy definition, is a universal destruction causing the end of existence
13APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE Where Did It Come From?Jewish society felt loss of identity and hopelessnessRuled by RomansHigh priests of the Temple were corruptForced to adopt Greek CultureMemory of ancestors being exiledJewish society wondered if God abandoned them or is simply testing them
14APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE Came to the conclusion that the bad events will lead to the coming of GodGod will arrive soon to overpower evil (Hope is in God)Apoc. writers showed the end as a huge catastrophe (wars, earthquakes, disasters, etc.)End = Good over Evil
15MATTHEW’S APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE How does Matthew differ?God’s arrival is not a frightening sightHe arrives with goodness , “the blind receive sight, the lame walk”God comes as a free gift of salvation (a way to be saved)
16FROM APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE TO ‘KINGDOM OF HEAVEN’ Kingdom of heaven or Kingdom of God = symbol/metaphor for GodKingdom of God has come to you = God is now among youJesus portrays God as being nearThrough Jesus and His teachings, God has entered into history
17SO WHAT’S THE POINT?God’s arrival is no longer filled with doom but filled with....LOVEAll people, esp. the sick, sinners, and outcasts experienced generosityJesus starts the Kingdom of God in human history (without earthquakes, wars, fires, disasters)
18The Church and the Kingdom of Heaven The Church = people who follow Jesus; accept God’s offering of salvationThe Church = “first fruits” or “first result”; community where Kingdom of God is at work
19“I am with you always, to the end of age” Through Jesus, God’s kingdom has come and is present in historyGod’s Kingdom continues to break into history through the Holy Spirit in the lives of the justGod’s kingdom will come in fullness when Jesus returns at the end of time