Presentation on theme: "HRE 4M1. Who is “You” in this poem? You faced injustice, hate and strife. You fought for what should be. You risked and finally gave your life, So others."— Presentation transcript:
Who is “You” in this poem? You faced injustice, hate and strife. You fought for what should be. You risked and finally gave your life, So others could be free. You could have hated, but you chose To love and understand, Rejecting violence to oppose An evil in our land. You'd not inflame, but still inspire, With hope that wouldn't yield. You called for boycotts, not for fire, With faith your only shield. You marched in protest for the poor Of every shade and hue. So many hardships you'd endure For those who needed you. You stirred a nation's heart and mind; Your message still is clear: That color's not how we're defined. Your memory's always near.
What if this was the hidden verse? Then who is the ‘you’? Each year your birth's a holiday. The nation honours you, And wonders when we'll see the day Your dream at last comes true.
Exegesis Analyzing texts in their ORIGINAL context (history, culture, linguistics, etc.) to discover the original intent of the author Connections stay within the time period it was written The discipline of exegesis has existed for over 2000 years
Hermeneutics Takes exegesis one step further Way of interpreting texts & events to help us understand what they mean for us in the 21st century Discover meaning in the Bible for our lives and era
MATTHEW’S GOSPEL (80-90 CE) What was going on when Matthew was writing? Temple in the City of Jerusalem is destroyed (70 CE) Division deepened between Jews who followed Jesus and Jews who didn’t Followers of Jesus became known as Christians (the Early church), and the non-followers formed Rabbinic Judaism Apostles were getting old too; needed to preserve Jesus’ teachings
MATTHEW’S GOSPEL (80-90 CE) Interpreted Jesus’ words and actions to address the concerns of his (Matthew’s) community Focused on: remaining united, refrain from judging one another, accept sinners, accept stable structure (church)
Matthew’s Jesus – “I am with you always, to the end of age” Jesus is the Church’s ultimate teacher Matthew shows Jesus’ authority to teach through: a) A powerful genealogy b) An even more powerful origin (God) Why? To show that Jesus was a legitimate teacher who’s words were meant to be followed
Jesus as the new Moses
JesusMoses Infant life threatened by the Pharaoh Commandments from Mt. Sinai The Ten Commandments Saviour of the Israelites The five books of the Torah Infant life threatened by King Herod Sermon on the Mount The Beatitudes Saviour of Humanity Five Teachings of the new Torah THE KEY DIFFERENCE: Jesus doesn’t only teach Israel, He teaches all nations with authority. Matthew attempts to pass on to us the truth of Jesus’ authority as a teacher. In doing so, we are expected to pass this truth on to future generations.
Why compare Jesus to Moses? Matthew was writing to a Jewish audience Moses was a greatly respected figure in Jewish history Moses taught the Torah to Israel; Jesus teaches the new Torah In showing connections to Moses, it would have been easier for the Jews to see Jesus as a person sent for their salvation (much like Moses helped them out of slavery)
APOCALYPSE By definition, is a universal destruction causing the end of existence
APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE Where Did It Come From? Jewish society felt loss of identity and hopelessness i. Ruled by Romans ii. High priests of the Temple were corrupt iii. Forced to adopt Greek Culture iv. Memory of ancestors being exiled Jewish society wondered if God abandoned them or is simply testing them
APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE Came to the conclusion that the bad events will lead to the coming of God God will arrive soon to overpower evil (Hope is in God) Apoc. writers showed the end as a huge catastrophe (wars, earthquakes, disasters, etc.) End = Good over Evil
MATTHEW’S APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE How does Matthew differ? God’s arrival is not a frightening sight He arrives with goodness, “the blind receive sight, the lame walk” God comes as a free gift of salvation (a way to be saved)
FROM APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE TO ‘KINGDOM OF HEAVEN’ Kingdom of heaven or Kingdom of God = symbol/metaphor for God Kingdom of God has come to you = God is now among you Jesus portrays God as being near Through Jesus and His teachings, God has entered into history
SO WHAT’S THE POINT? God’s arrival is no longer filled with doom but filled with....LOVE All people, esp. the sick, sinners, and outcasts experienced generosity Jesus starts the Kingdom of God in human history (without earthquakes, wars, fires, disasters)
The Church and the Kingdom of Heaven The Church = people who follow Jesus; accept God’s offering of salvation The Church = “first fruits” or “first result”; community where Kingdom of God is at work
“I am with you always, to the end of age” Through Jesus, God’s kingdom has come and is present in history God’s Kingdom continues to break into history through the Holy Spirit in the lives of the just God’s kingdom will come in fullness when Jesus returns at the end of time